The FY 2002 Budget Request for the International
Cooperative Scientific Activities (INT) Subactivity is $25.12 million,
a decrease of $610,000, or 2.4 percent, from the FY 2001 Current
Plan of $25.73 million.
(Millions of Dollars)
The INT Subactivity provides the expertise and networks
to stimulate research cooperation with scientists and engineers
in virtually all of the developed and developing countries of the
world and in all fields of science and engineering supported by
INT facilitates the advancement of NSF's goal of
developing and maintaining a diverse, internationally competitive
and globally engaged workforce. INT supports research and related
activities that promote partnerships between U.S. and foreign researchers,
enhance access to critical research conducted outside the U.S.,
and broaden the base of knowledge about mutually beneficial science
and technology opportunities abroad. INT supports U.S. participation
in both bilateral and multilateral workshops and symposia, the exploratory
phases of collaborative research, key selected multinational scientific
bodies, and individual and small group research training.
INT provides valuable international experiences to
U.S. researchers in the early stages of their careers. Specific
INT-supported activities include:
summer research experiences for students in
selected regions of the world;
postdoctoral research opportunities abroad;
inclusion of students in international cooperative
research projects; and
opportunities for U.S. researchers to develop
collaborations with their counterparts in other countries.
Together, these activities will enable the next generation
of U.S. researchers to maintain leadership in an increasingly global
With the continuing growth of scientific resources
worldwide, there are increasing opportunities for international
cooperation in areas of mutual interest or concern. The year 2000
Nobel Prizes demonstrate the importance of international collaborations.
Over the previous decade, the INT subactivity supported three international
research projects, each involving an American scientist who won
the Nobel Prize for discoveries related to those collaborations.
INT awards in the early 1990s enabled American chemistry laureates
Alan MacDiarmid and Alan Heeger to work with French and Belgian
scientists, respectively, on the conducting properties of polymers.
Another award enabled physics laureate Herbert Kroemer to work with
German scientists on the dynamic conductivity of superlattices,
with applications in information technology. In addition, a decade
earlier, INT had also supported collaborative research on the electronic
properties of polymers between MacDiarmid and Japan's Hideki Shirakawa,
who shared with MacDiarmid and Heeger the 2000 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
In FY 2002, INT will maintain its emphases on:
Encouraging opportunities that provide future
U.S. scientists and engineers with international research experiences
early in their careers;
Fostering collaboration between NSF-supported
research centers and equivalent research institutions in other
Promoting networking and connectivity in research
collaboration through the use of advanced information technology;
Developing new types of international research
and training experiences, primarily in East Asian countries
that are investing heavily in scientific research and are rapidly
developing knowledge-intensive economies.
Support for U.S. participation in key selected international
scientific bodies will continue, including $1.0 million for the
U.S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation, which gives grants
to support collaboration between U.S. researchers and those in Russia
and other successor states.