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Award Abstract #0424589

Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets (CReSIS)

NSF Org: PLR
Division Of Polar Programs
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Initial Amendment Date: August 1, 2005
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Latest Amendment Date: May 5, 2016
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Award Number: 0424589
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Award Instrument: Cooperative Agreement
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Program Manager: Julie Palais
PLR Division Of Polar Programs
GEO Directorate For Geosciences
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Start Date: June 1, 2005
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End Date: May 31, 2017 (Estimated)
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Awarded Amount to Date: $37,156,175.00
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Investigator(s): S. Prasad Gogineni pgogineni@ku.edu (Principal Investigator)
Geoffrey Fox (Co-Principal Investigator)
Linda Hayden (Co-Principal Investigator)
Sridhar Anandakrishnan (Co-Principal Investigator)
Ian Joughin (Co-Principal Investigator)
David Braaten (Former Co-Principal Investigator)
Glenn Prescott (Former Co-Principal Investigator)
Kenneth Jezek (Former Co-Principal Investigator)
Richard Alley (Former Co-Principal Investigator)
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Sponsor: University of Kansas Center for Research Inc
2385 IRVING HILL RD
LAWRENCE, KS 66045-7568 (785)864-3441
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NSF Program(s): SCI & TECH CTRS (INTEG PTRS),
ANTARCTIC ORGANISMS & ECOSYST,
ANTARCTIC GLACIOLOGY,
ARCTIC NATURAL SCIENCES,
COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH,
STC CLASS OF 2005
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Program Reference Code(s): 0000, 1079, 5295, 5297, 5974, 5977, 9150, 9251, OTHR
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Program Element Code(s): 1297, 5111, 5116, 5280, 7298, 7555

ABSTRACT

This award is for the continuation of the Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets (CReSIS), an NSF Science and Technology Center (STC) established in June 2005 to study present and probable future contributions of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets to sea-level rise. The Center?s vision is to understand and predict the role of polar ice sheets in sea level change. In particular, the Center?s mission is to develop technologies, to conduct field investigations, to compile data to understand why many outlet glaciers and ice streams are changing rapidly, and to develop models that explain and predict ice sheet response to climate change. The Center?s mission is also to educate and train a diverse population of graduate and undergraduate students in Center-related disciplines and to encourage K-12 students to pursue careers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM-fields). The long-term goals are to perform a four-dimensional characterization (space and time) of rapidly changing ice-sheet regions, develop diagnostic and predictive ice-sheet models, and contribute to future assessments of sea level change in a warming climate. In the first five years, significant progress was made in developing, testing and optimizing innovative sensors and platforms and completing a major aircraft campaign, which included sounding the channel under Jakobshavn IsbrŠ. In the second five years, research will focus on the interpretation of integrated data from a suite of sensors to understand the physical processes causing changes and the subsequent development and validation of models. Information about CReSIS can be found at http://www.cresis.ku.edu.

The intellectual merits of the STC are the multidisciplinary research it enables its faculty, staff and students to pursue, as well as the broad education and training opportunities it provides to students at all levels. During the first phase, the Center provided scientists and engineers with a collaborative research environment and the opportunity to interact, enabling the development of high-sensitivity radars integrated with several airborne platforms and innovative seismic instruments. Also, the Center successfully collected data on ice thickness and bed conditions, key variables in the study of ice dynamics and the development of models, for three major fast-flowing glaciers in Greenland. During the second phase, the Center will collect additional data over targeted sites in areas undergoing rapid changes; process, analyze and interpret collected data; and develop advanced process-oriented and ice sheet models to predict future behavior. The Center will continue to provide a rich environment for multidisciplinary education and mentoring for undergraduate students, graduate students, and postdoctoral fellows, as well as for conducting K-12 education and public outreach. The broader impacts of the Center stem from addressing a global environmental problem with critical societal implications, providing a forum for citizens and policymakers to become informed about climate change issues, training the next generation of scientists and engineers to serve the nation, encouraging underrepresented students to pursue careers in STEM-related fields, and transferring new technologies to industry. Students involved in the Center find an intellectually stimulating atmosphere where collaboration between disciplines is the norm and exposure to a wide variety of methodologies and scientific issues enriches their educational experience. The next generation of researchers should reflect the diversity of our society; the Center will therefore continue its work with ECSU to conduct outreach and educational programs that attract minority students to careers in science and technology. The Center has also established a new partnership with ADMI that supports faculty and student exchanges at the national level and provides expanded opportunities for students and faculty to be involved in Center-related research and education activities. These, and other collaborations, will provide broader opportunities to encourage underrepresented students to pursue STEM careers.

As lead institution, The University of Kansas (KU) provides overall direction and management, as well as expertise in radar and remote sensing, Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), and modeling and interpretation of data. Five partner institutions and a DOE laboratory play critical roles in the STC. The Pennsylvania State University (PSU) continues to participate in technology development for seismic measurements, field activities, and modeling. The Center of Excellence in Remote Sensing, Education and Research (CERSER) at Elizabeth City State University (ECSU) contributes its expertise to analyzing satellite data and generating high-level data products. ECSU also brings to the Center their extensive experience in mentoring and educating traditionally under-represented students. ADMI, the Association of Computer and Information Science/Engineering Departments at Minority Institutions, expands the program?s reach to underrepresented groups at the national level. Indiana University (IU) provides world-class expertise in CI and high-performance computing to address challenges in data management, processing, distribution and archival, as well as high-performance modeling requirements. The University of Washington (UW) provides expertise in satellite observations of ice sheets and process-oriented interpretation and model development. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) contributes in the area of ice sheet modeling. All partner institutions are actively involved in the analysis and interpretation of observational and numerical data sets.


PUBLICATIONS PRODUCED AS A RESULT OF THIS RESEARCH

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B. Gillette. "Explorations of our Frozen Planet!," Science Scope, v.36, 2012, p. 48-53.

R. B. Alley and I. Joughin. "Modeling Ice-Sheet Flow," Science, v.336, 2012, p. 551-552.

I. Joughin, R. B. Alley, and D. M. Holland. "Ice-Sheet Response to Oceanic Forcing," Science, v.338, 2012, p. 1172-1176.

D. Dahl-Jensen et al.. "Eemian interglacial reconstructed from a Greenland folded ice core," Nature, v.493, 2013, p. 489-494.

T. Moon, I. Joughin, B. Smith, and I. Howat. "21st-Century Evolution of Greenland Outlet Glacier Velocities," Science, v.336, 2012, p. 576-578.

B. Gillette, Leinmiller-Renick, and S. Foga. "Reading the Ice: Using Remote Sensing to Analyze Radar Data," The Science Teacher, v.80, 2013, p. 7.

L. K. Zoet, R. B. Alley, S. Anandakrishnan, and K. Christianson. "Accelerated subglacial erosion in response to stick-slip motion," Geology, v.41, 2012, p. 159-162.

R. DeConto, D. Pollard, and D. Kowalewski. "Modeling Antarctic ice sheet and climate variations during Marine Isotope Stage 31," Global and Planetary Change, v.88-89, 2012, p. 45-52.

L. E. Peters, S. Anandakrishnan, R. B. Alley, and D. E. Voigt. "Seismic attenuation in glacial ice: A proxy for englacial temperature," Journal of Geophysical Research, v.117, 2012, p. 1-10.

L. K. Zoet, S. Anandakrishnan, R. B. Alley, A. A. Nyblade, and D. A. Wiens. "Motion of an Antarctic glacier by repeatedly tidally modulated earthquakes," Nature Geoscience, v.5, 2012, p. 623-626.


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CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS PRODUCED AS A RESULT OF THIS RESEARCH

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Rodriguez-Morales, F; Gogineni, P; Leuschen, C; Allen, CT; Lewis, C; Patel, A; Byers, K; Smith, L; Blake, W; Panzer, B; Shi, L; Crowe, R; Gifford, C. "Development of a Multi-Frequency Airborne Radar Instrumentation Package for Ice Sheet Mapping and Imaging," in IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest., 2010. 

Shi, L; Byers, KJ; Seguin, SA; Allen, C; Leuschen, CJ; Ledford, J. "Multi-Channel Coherent Radar Depth Sounder Electromagnetic Interference On-Board NASA DC-8," in IEEE Radar Conference (RADAR)., 2011, p. 1010-1014. 

Hoch, AM; Velez, JA; Tsoflias, GP; Stearns, LA; Van der Veen, CJ. "Multi-Channel Cooherent Radar Depth Sounding of Jakobshavn Isbrae and its Catchment," in IEEE Radar Conference (RADAR)., 2011, p. 1135-1137. 

Allen, C; Paden, J; Dunson, D; Gogineni, P. "GROUND-BASED MULTI-CHANNEL SYNTHETIC-APERTURE RADAR FOR MAPPING THE ICE-BED INTERFACE," in 2008 IEEE Radar Conference., 2008, p. 117-122. 

Hayden, L; Braaten, D. "Development of educational partnerships dedicated to remote sensing of ice sheets cyberinfrastructure," in IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)., 2007, p. 1238-1241. 

Byers, KJ; Seguin, SA; Leuschen, CJ. "Near-Field, Mutual Coupling Degradation on Antenna Bandwidth for an Airborne Ice-Penetrating and Imaging Radar," in IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC)., 2011, p. 1513-1517. 

Rodriguez-Morales, F; Gogineni, P; Leuschen, C; Allen, C; Lewis, C; Patel, A; Byers, K; Smith, L; Shi, L; Panzer, B; Blake, W; Crowe, R; Gifford, C. "Development of a Multi-Frequency Airborne Radar Instrumentation Package for Ice Sheet Mapping and Imaging," in IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest., 2010, p. 157-160. 

Shi, L; Allen, CT; Ledford, JR; Rodriguez-Morales, F; Blake, WA; Panzer, BG; Prokopiack, SC; Leuschen, CJ; Gogineni, S. "MULTICHANNEL COHERENT RADAR DEPTH SOUNDER FOR NASA OPERATION ICE BRIDGE," in IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium., 2010, p. 1729-1732. 

Prokopiak, C; Leuschen, C; Rodriguez-Morales, F; Ledford, J; Blake, W; Hoch, A; Barbour, H. "Multi-node network based control and data acquisition system for a VHF radar depth sounder," in 35th Annual IEEE International Computer Software and Applications Conference (COMPSAC)., 2011, p. 182-183. 

Smith, L; Blake, W; Hoch, A; Li, J; Leuschen, C; Gogineni, S. "AIRBORNE RADAR DEPTH SOUNDING OF FAST FLOWING GLACIERS," in IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium., 2009, p. 1952-1955. 


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BOOKS/ONE TIME PROCEEDING

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Player, K.. "Linearization Using Digital Predistortion of a High-Speed,
Pulsed, Radio Frequency Power Amplifier for VHF Radar Depth-
Sounder Systems.", 06/01/2010-05/31/2011,  2010, "Master's thesis: Department of Electrical Engineering and
Computer Science, University of Kansas".

Blake, W.A.. "Interferometric Synthetic
Aperture Radar (INSAR) for
Fine-Resolution Basal Ice
Sheet Imaging", 06/01/2010-05/31/2011,  2010, "PhD Dissertation: Department
of Electrical Engineering and
Computer Science, University
of Kansas".

Collins, J., Stumpf, T., and A.
Thompson. "Radar Instrumentation for
Operation Ice Bridge", 06/01/2010-05/31/2011,  2010, "Earthzine, www.earthzine.org".

Gillette B., and C. Hamilton. "Earth's Reflection: Albedo", 06/01/2010-05/31/2011,  2011, "Science Scope".

Gillette B., and C. Hamilton. "Flooded! An Investigation of
Sea-Level Rise in a Changing
Climate", 06/01/2010-05/31/2011,  2011, "Science Scope".

Kostelnick, J., McDermott, D.,
and R. Rowley. "Cartographic Methods for
Visualizing Sea Level Rise", 06/01/2010-05/31/2011,  2009, "Proceedings of the 24th
International Cartographic
Conference - ICC 2009,
Santiago de Chile".

Jones, f., and S. Keshmiri. "First Flight Risk Mitigation to
Pilot Unfamiliarity with a New
UAV Platform", 06/01/2010-05/31/2011,  2010, "AIAA Infotech Conference, AIAA-
2010-3489, Atlanta".

Esposito, J., and S. Keshmiri. "Rapid Hardware Interfacing and
Software Development for
Embedded Devices Using Simulink", 06/01/2010-05/31/2011,  2010, "AIAA Infotech Conference, AIAA-
2010-3489, Atlanta".

Anandakrishnan, S.. "Data Results from Thwaites
Glacier", 06/01/2010-05/31/2011,  2010, "IPY Conference, Oslo, Norway".

Hamilton, C.. "Ice, Ice Baby!", 06/01/2010-05/31/2011,  2010, "IPY Conference, Oslo, Norway".


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