text-only page produced automatically by Usablenet Assistive Skip all navigation and go to page content Skip top navigation and go to directorate navigation Skip top navigation and go to page navigation
National Science Foundation
Awards
design element
Search Awards
Recent Awards
Presidential and Honorary Awards
About Awards
Grant Policy Manual
Grant General Conditions
Cooperative Agreement Conditions
Special Conditions
Federal Demonstration Partnership
Policy Office Website



Award Abstract #0638937

Cosmological Research with the 10 meter South Pole Telescope

NSF Org: PLR
Division of Polar Programs
divider line
Initial Amendment Date: September 17, 2007
divider line
Latest Amendment Date: March 5, 2013
divider line
Award Number: 0638937
divider line
Award Instrument: Continuing grant
divider line
Program Manager: Vladimir O. Papitashvili
PLR Division of Polar Programs
GEO Directorate for Geosciences
divider line
Start Date: October 1, 2007
divider line
End Date: March 31, 2014 (Estimated)
divider line
Awarded Amount to Date: $17,449,975.00
divider line
Investigator(s): John Carlstrom jc@kicp.uchicago.edu (Principal Investigator)
William Holzapfel (Co-Principal Investigator)
Nils Halverson (Co-Principal Investigator)
Joseph Mohr (Co-Principal Investigator)
John Ruhl (Co-Principal Investigator)
divider line
Sponsor: University of Chicago
5801 South Ellis Avenue
Chicago, IL 60637-5418 (773)702-8669
divider line
NSF Program(s): EXTRAGALACTIC ASTRON & COSMOLO,
ANTARCTIC INSTRUM & SUPPORT,
Antarctic Astrophys&Geosp Sci,
Antarctic Education
divider line
Program Reference Code(s): 0000, OTHR
divider line
Program Element Code(s): 1217, 1647, 5115, 5294

ABSTRACT

OPP-0638937

Carlstrom

This is a program of research activities broadly directed toward using the new ten-meter South Pole Telescope (SPT) to probe the nature of dark energy and inflation. The telescope and the initial detector array were constructed under a prior award, and science observations are starting during the austral winter 2007. This study includes support for operation of the SPT, storage and reduction of the data, and science analysis. The initial project is a four-thousand square degree survey, using the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect (SZE) to detect all galaxy clusters more massive than a specific limiting value, independent of their redshift. Combining these results with optical redshifts, both currently available and yet to be observed, will place tight constraints on the equation of state of the dark energy. SPT observations will also measure fine-scale temperature anisotropies, which can determine whether a departure from exact scale invariance exists, as is predicted by the current 'standard' inflationary cosmology.

Longer-term projects include developing a new one-thousand-pixel, dual-polarization, multi-band polarimeter for the SPT, to measure the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarization anisotropy over scales of an arc-minute to several degrees. Measuring the angular power spectrum of the so-called B-mode polarization, as well as the large angular scale modes imprinted on the CMB by inflationary gravitational waves generated in the first instants of the Universe, exploits the unique and powerful capabilities of the SPT for research at the cutting edge of cosmology and astrophysics. The critical questions, and recommendations for research programs to help answer them, have been the focus of several national reports, including the 2000 NRC Decadal Report on Astronomy and Astrophysics, the NRC report Connecting Quarks with the Cosmos, the OSTP inter-agency report Physics of the Universe, and the reports of the Task Force on CMB Research and the Dark Energy Task Force. The science of the SPT research projects is at the heart of cosmology, is directed at answering some of these most compelling questions, and will have significant broader impacts throughout cosmology and physics.

More broadly, the project contributes to the training of the next generation of scientists by integrating graduate and undergraduate education with technology and instrumentation development, astronomical observations, and scientific analysis. The SPT surveys will also lead to large, publicly available datasets. The sharing of forefront research with non-scientists extends beyond the university to both established and new programs based on exploiting the growing popularity of video and audio content on the web. The International Polar Year celebration also offers a special opportunity to contribute to public awareness of polar science.


PUBLICATIONS PRODUCED AS A RESULT OF THIS RESEARCH

Note:  When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.


(Showing: 1 - 10 of 64)
  Show All

Hubmayr, J.; Appel, J. W.; Austermann, J. E.; Beall, J. A.; Becker, D.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Chang, C. L.; Cho, H. M.; and 24 coauthors. "An All Silicon Feedhorn-Coupled Focal Plane for Cosmic Microwave Background Polarimetry," Journal of Low Temperature Physics, v.167, 2012, p. 904-910. 

Chang, C. L.; Ade, P.; Aird, K.; Austermann, J.; Beall, J.; Becker, D.; Benson, B.; Bleem, L.; Britton, J.; Carlstrom, J.; and 49 coauthors. "Optical and Thermal Properties of ANL/KICP Polarization Sensitive Bolometers for SPTpol," Journal of Low Temperature Physics, v.167, 2012, p. 865-871. 

Bleem, L.; Ade, P.; Aird, K.; Austermann, J.; Beall, J.; Becker, D.; Benson, B.; Britton, J.; Carlstrom, J.; Chang, C. L.; . "An Overview of the SPTpol Experiment," Journal of Low Temperature Physics, v.167, 2012, p. 859-864. 

McDonald, M.; Bayliss, M.; Benson, B. A.; Foley, R. J.; Ruel, J.; Sullivan, P.; Veilleux, S.; Aird, K. A.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Bautz, M.; and 76 coauthors. "A massive, cooling-flow-induced starburst in the core of a luminous cluster of galaxies," Nature, v.488, 2012, p. 349-352. 

Vieira, J. D.; Marrone, D. P.; Chapman, S. C.; De Breuck, C.; Hezaveh, Y. D.; Wei?, A.; Aguirre, J. E.; Aird, K. A.; Aravena, M.; Ashby, M. L. N.; and 60 coauthors. "Dusty starburst galaxies in the early Universe as revealed by gravitational lensing," Nature, v.495, 2013, p. 344-347. 

Dobbs, M. A.; Lueker, M.; Aird, K. A.; Bender, A. N.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Chang, C. L.; Cho, H.-M.; Clarke, J.; and 37 coauthors. "Frequency multiplexed superconducting quantum interference device readout of large bolometer arrays for cosmic microwave background measurements," Review of Scientific Instruments, v.83, 2012, p. 073113-24. 

Reichardt, C. L.; Shaw, L.; Zahn, O.; Aird, K. A.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Chang, C. L.; Cho, H. M.; Crawford, T. M.; and 39 coauthors. "A Measurement of Secondary Cosmic Microwave Background Anisotropies with Two Years of South Pole Telescope Observations," The Astrophysical Journal, v.755, 2012, p. 70-93. 

Greve, T. R.; Vieira, J. D.; Wei, A.; Aguirre, J. E.; Aird, K. A.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Bradford, C. M.; Brodwin, M.; and 58 coauthors. "Submillimeter Observations of Millimeter Bright Galaxies Discovered by the South Pole Telescope," The Astrophysical Journal, v.756, 2012, p. 101-114. 

Zahn, O.; Reichardt, C. L.; Shaw, L.; Lidz, A.; Aird, K. A.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Chang, C. L.; Cho, H. M.; and 41 coauthors. "Cosmic Microwave Background Constraints on the Duration and Timing of Reionization from the South Pole Telescope," The Astrophysical Journal, v.756, 2012, p. 65-80. 

van Engelen, A.; Keisler, R.; Zahn, O.; Aird, K. A.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Chang, C. L.; Cho, H. M.; Crawford, T. M.; and 40 coauthors. "A Measurement of Gravitational Lensing of the Microwave Background Using South Pole Telescope Data," The Astrophysical Journal, v.756, 2012, p. 142-162. 


(Showing: 1 - 10 of 64)
  Show All




CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS PRODUCED AS A RESULT OF THIS RESEARCH

(Showing: 1 - 10 of 25)
  Show All

Wilson, RW; Stark, AA. "Cosmology from Antarctica," in Smithsonian Poles Symposium 2007., 2009, p. 359-367. 

Crites, AT; Bleem, LE; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Datesman, A; Divan, R; Everett, W; McMahon, J; Mehl, J; Meyer, SS; Novosad, V; Pearson, J; Ruhl, J; Sayre, J; Wang, G; Yefremenko, V. "Optical Properties of Argonne/KICP TES Bolometers for CMB Polarimetry," in 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors., v.1185, 2009, p. 203-206. 

Appel, JW; Austermann, JE; Beall, JA; Becker, D; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Britton, J; Chang, CL; Carlstrom, JE; Cho, HM; Crites, AT; Essinger-Hileman, T; Everett, W; Halverson, NW; Henning, JW; Hilton, GC; Irwin, KD; McMahon, J; Mehl, J; Meyer, SS; Niemack, MD; Parker, LP; Simon. "Characterizing and Modeling the Noise and Complex Impedance of Feedhorn-Coupled TES Polarimeters," in 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors., v.1185, 2009, p. 211-214. 

Lueker, M; Benson, B; Bleem, L; Chang, C; Cho, HM; Clarke, J; Crites, A; Crawford, T; Dobbs, M; Holzapfel, W; Lanting, T; Lee, A; Mehl, J; Plagge, T; Shirokoff, E; Spieler, H; Vieira, J. "A Frequency Domain Multiplexed Receiver for the South Pole Telescope," in 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors., v.1185, 2009, p. 241-244. 

Wang, G; Yefremenko, V; Datesman, A; Novosad, V; Pearson, J; Shustakova, G; Divan, R; Lee, J; Chang, CL; McMahon, J; Bleem, L; Crites, AT; Downes, T; Mehl, J; Everett, W; Meyer, SS; Carlstrom, JE; Sayer, J; Ruhl, J. "Thermal Modeling of Absorber-Coupled TES Polarimeter," in 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors., v.1185, 2009, p. 334-337. 

Yefremenko, V; Datesman, A; Wang, G; Pearson, J; Novosad, V; Divan, R; Bleem, LE; Chang, CL; Crites, AT; Everett, W; McMahon, J; Mehl, J; Meyer, SS; Ruhl, J; Sayre, J; Carlstrom, JE. "Design and Fabrication of Argonne/KICP Detectors for CMB Polarization," in 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors., v.1185, 2009, p. 359-362. 

Chang, CL; Ade, PAR; Aird, KA; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Carlstrom, JE; Cho, HM; de Haan, T; Crawford, TM; Crites, AT; Dobbs, MA; Everett, W; Halverson, NW; Holder, GP; Holzapfel, WL; Hrubes, D; Joy, M; Keisler, R; Lanting, TM; Lee, AT; Leitch, EM; Loehr, A; Lueker, M; McMahon, JJ. "SPT-SZ: a Sunyaev-Zel'dovich survey for galaxy clusters," in 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors., v.1185, 2009, p. 475-478. 

Bleem, LE; Appel, JW; Austermann, JE; Beall, JA; Becker, DT; Benson, BA; Britton, J; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Cho, HM; Crites, AT; Essinger-Hileman, T; Everett, W; Halverson, NW; Henning, JW; Hilton, GC; Irwin, KD; McMahon, J; Mehl, J; Meyer, SS; Niemack, MD; Parker, LP; Simo. "Optical properties of Feedhorn-coupled TES polarimeters for CMB polarimetry," in 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors., v.1185, 2009, p. 479-482. 

McMahon, J; Bleem, LE; Crites, AT; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Datesman, A; Divan, R; Everett, W; Mehl, J; Meyer, SS; Novosad, V; Pearson, J; Ruhl, J; Sayre, J; Wang, G; Yefremenko, V. "Optical design of Argonne/KICP detectors for CMB polarization," in 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors., v.1185, 2009, p. 487-489. 

McMahon, J; Appel, JW; Austermann, JE; Beall, JA; Becker, D; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Britton, J; Chang, CL; Carlstrom, JE; Cho, HM; Crites, AT; Essinger-Hileman, T; Everett, W; Halverson, NW; Henning, JW; Hilton, GC; Irwin, KD; Mehl, J; Meyer, SS; Mossley, S; Niemack, MD; Parke. "Planar Orthomode Transducers for Feedhorn-coupled TES Polarimeters," in 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors., v.1185, 2009, p. 490-493. 


(Showing: 1 - 10 of 25)
  Show All




BOOKS/ONE TIME PROCEEDING

(Showing: 1 - 10 of 18)
  Show All

Datesman, A., Pearson, J., Wang, G., Yefremenko, V., Divan, R., Downes, T., Chang, C., McMahon, J., Meyer, S., Carlstrom, J., Logan, D., Perera, T., Wilson, G., Novosad, V.
. "Frequency selective bolometer development at Argonne National Laboratory", 04/01/2008-03/31/2009, "Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Conference Series",  2008, "SPIE, Volume 7020".

G. Wang, V. Yefremenko, A. Datesman, J. Pearson, V. Novosad, R. Divan, L.
Bleem, C. Chang, A.T. Crites, T. Downes, J. McMahon, S.S. Meyer, J.E. Carlstrom
. "Absorber Type TES Polarimeter at Millimeter and Submillimeter", 04/01/2008-03/31/2009, "Proceedings Applied Super Conductivity '08 (ASC08)",  2008, "Applied Super Conductivity '08 (ASC08)".

V. Yefremenko, A. Datesman, G. Wang, J. Pearson, V. Novosad, R. Divan,
C.L. Chang, T. Downes, L. Bleem, A. Crites, S.S. Meyer, J.E. Carlstrom. "Control of Membrane Thermal Transport Supporting Superconducting Detector Development", 04/01/2008-03/31/2009, "Proceedings Applied Super Conductivity '08 (ASC08)",  2008, "Applied Super Conductivity '08 (ASC08)".

R. W. Wilson and A. A. Stark. "Cosmology from Antarctica", 04/01/2008-03/31/2009, "Smithsonian at the Poles, proceedings of Smithsonian IPY conference",  2008, "arXiv:0810.0737".

G. Wang, V. Yefremenko, A. Datesman, J. Pearson, V. Novosad, R. Divan, L.Bleem, C. Chang, A.T. Crites, T. Downes, J. McMahon, S.S. Meyer, J.E. Carlstrom
. "Absorber Type TES Polarimeter at Millimeter and Submillimeter", 04/01/2009-03/31/2010, "Proceedings Applied Super Conductivity '08 (ASC08)",  2008, "Applied Super Conductivity '08 (ASC08)".

V. Yefremenko, A. Datesman, G. Wang, J. Pearson, V. Novosad, R. Divan, C.L. Chang, T. Downes, L. Bleem, A. Crites, S.S. Meyer, J.E. Carlstrom. "Control of Membrane Thermal Transport Supporting Superconducting Detector Development", 04/01/2009-03/31/2010, "Proceedings Applied Super Conductivity '08 (ASC08)",  2008, "Applied Super Conductivity '08 (ASC08)".

J. McMahon, L.E. Bleem, A.T. Crites, J.E. Carlstrom, C. L. Chang, A. Datesman, R. Divan, W. Everett, J. Mehl, S.S. Meyer, V. Novosad, J. Pearson, J. Ruhl, J. Sayre, G. Wang, and V. Yefremenko. "Optical design of Argonne/KICP detectors for CMB polarization", 04/01/2009-03/31/2010, "THE THIRTEENTH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON LOW TEMPERATURE DETECTORS-LTD13",  2009, "AIP Conf. Proc. 1185 487-489".

J.J. McMahon et al.. "SPTpol: an instrument for CMB polarization", 04/01/2009-03/31/2010, "THE THIRTEENTH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON LOW TEMPERATURE DETECTORS-LTD13",  2009, "AIP Conf. Proc. 1185, 511-514".

G. Wang, V. Yefremenko, A. Datesman, V. Novosad, J. Pearson, G.
Shustakova, R. Divan, J. Lee,
C. L. Chang, J. McMahon, L. Bleem, A. T. Crites, T. Downes, J. Mehl, W.
Everett, S. S.
Meyer, J. E. Carlstrom, J. Sayer, and J. Ruhl. "Thermal modeling of absorber-coupled TES polarimeter", 04/01/2009-03/31/2010, "THE THIRTEENTH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON LOW TEMPERATURE DETECTORS-LTD13",  2009, "AIP Conf. Proc. volume 1185, pages 334?337".

V. Yefremenko, A. Datesman, G. Wang, J. Pearson, V. Novosad, R. Divan, L.
E. Bleem, C. L. Chang, A. T.
Crites, W. Everett, J. McMahon, J. Mehl, S. S. Meyer, J. Ruhl, J. Sayre,
and J. E. Carlstrom. "Design and fabrication of Argonne/KICP detectors for CMB polarization", 04/01/2009-03/31/2010, "THE THIRTEENTH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON LOW TEMPERATURE DETECTORS-LTD13",  2009, "AIP Conf. Proc. volume 1185,
pages 359?362".


(Showing: 1 - 10 of 18)
  Show All




 

Please report errors in award information by writing to: awardsearch@nsf.gov.

 

 

Print this page
Back to Top of page
  FUNDING   AWARDS   DISCOVERIES   NEWS   PUBLICATIONS   STATISTICS   ABOUT NSF   FASTLANE  
Research.gov  |  USA.gov  |  National Science Board  |  Recovery Act  |  Budget and Performance  |  Annual Financial Report
Web Policies and Important Links  |  Privacy  |  FOIA  |  NO FEAR Act  |  Inspector General  |  Webmaster Contact  |  Site Map
National Science Foundation Logo
The National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, Virginia 22230, USA
Tel: (703) 292-5111, FIRS: (800) 877-8339 | TDD: (800) 281-8749
  Text Only Version