text-only page produced automatically by Usablenet Assistive Skip all navigation and go to page content Skip top navigation and go to directorate navigation Skip top navigation and go to page navigation
National Science Foundation
design element
Search Awards
Recent Awards
Presidential and Honorary Awards
About Awards
Grant Policy Manual
Grant General Conditions
Cooperative Agreement Conditions
Special Conditions
Federal Demonstration Partnership
Policy Office Website

Award Abstract #0944254

Collaborative Research: Impact of Mesoscale Processes on Iron Supply and Phytoplankton Dynamics in the Ross Sea

Division Of Polar Programs
divider line
Initial Amendment Date: June 17, 2011
divider line
Latest Amendment Date: February 7, 2014
divider line
Award Number: 0944254
divider line
Award Instrument: Standard Grant
divider line
Program Manager: Christian Fritsen
PLR Division Of Polar Programs
GEO Directorate For Geosciences
divider line
Start Date: July 1, 2011
divider line
End Date: June 30, 2015 (Estimated)
divider line
Awarded Amount to Date: $390,508.00
divider line
Investigator(s): Walker Smith wos@vims.edu (Principal Investigator)
divider line
Sponsor: College of William & Mary Virginia Institute of Marine Science
P.O. Box 1346
Gloucester Point, VA 23062-1346 (804)684-7000
divider line
divider line
Program Reference Code(s): 9169, EGCH
divider line
Program Element Code(s): 5111


The Ross Sea continental shelf is one of the most productive areas in the Southern Ocean, and may comprise a significant, but unaccounted for, oceanic CO2 sink, largely driven by phytoplankton production. The processes that control the magnitude of primary production in this region are not well understood, but data suggest that iron limitation is a factor. Field observations and model simulations indicate four potential sources of dissolved iron to surface waters of the Ross Sea: (1) circumpolar deep water intruding from the shelf edge; (2) sediments on shallow banks and nearshore areas; (3) melting sea ice around the perimeter of the polynya; and (4) glacial meltwater from the Ross Ice Shelf. The principal investigators hypothesize that hydrodynamic transport via mesoscale currents, fronts, and eddies facilitate the supply of dissolved iron from these four sources to the surface waters of the Ross Sea polynya. These hypotheses will be tested through a combination of in situ observations and numerical modeling, complemented by satellite remote sensing. In situ observations will be obtained during a month-long cruise in the austral summer. The field data will be incorporated into model simulations, which allow quantification of the relative contributions of the various hypothesized iron supply mechanisms, and assessment of their impact on primary production. The research will provide new insights and a mechanistic understanding of the complex oceanographic phenomena that regulate iron supply, primary production, and biogeochemical cycling. The research will thus form the basis for predictions about how this system may change in a warming climate. The broader impacts include training of graduate and undergraduate students, international collaboration, and partnership with several ongoing outreach programs that address scientific research in the Southern Ocean. The research also will contribute to the goals of the international research programs ICED (Integrated Climate and Ecosystem Dynamics) and GEOTRACES (Biogeochemical cycling and trace elements in the marine environment).


Note:  When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

Mosby, A. and W.O. Smith, Jr.. "Phytoplankton growth rates in the Ross Sea, Antarctica.," Aquatic Mirobial Ecology, v.74, 2014, p. 157.

Smith, W.O., Jr. and K. Donaldson.. "Photosynthesis-irradiance responses in the Ross Sea, Antarctica: a meta-analysis.," Biogeosciences, v.12, 2015, p. 1.

Smith, W.O. Jr. and R.M. Jones.. "Vertical mixing, critical depths, and phytoplankton growth in the Ross Sea.," ICES Journal of Marine Science, 2014, p. 10.1093/i.

Walker O. Smith, Jr., David G. Ainley, Kevin R. Arrigo and Michael S. Dinniman. "THE OCEANOGRAPHY AND ECOLOGY OF THE ROSS SEA," Annual Reviews of Marine Science, v.6, 2014, p. 120-146. 

Smith, W.O. Jr., M.S. Dinniman, E.E. Hoffman, and J. Klinck.. "Modeled impacts of changing winds and temperatures on the oceanography of the Ross Sea in the 21st century.," Geophysical Research Letters, v.41, 2014, p. doi:10.10. 


Please report errors in award information by writing to: awardsearch@nsf.gov.



Print this page
Back to Top of page
Research.gov  |  USA.gov  |  National Science Board  |  Recovery Act  |  Budget and Performance  |  Annual Financial Report
Web Policies and Important Links  |  Privacy  |  FOIA  |  NO FEAR Act  |  Inspector General  |  Webmaster Contact  |  Site Map
National Science Foundation Logo
The National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, Virginia 22230, USA
Tel: (703) 292-5111, FIRS: (800) 877-8339 | TDD: (800) 281-8749
  Text Only Version