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Award Abstract #1127817

AIR: PTTP: Topic 1: Materials Translation for Bindered Anthracite Briques in Foundry Cupolas

Div Of Industrial Innovation & Partnersh
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Initial Amendment Date: July 20, 2011
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Latest Amendment Date: June 23, 2013
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Award Number: 1127817
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Award Instrument: Standard Grant
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Program Manager: Barbara H. Kenny
IIP Div Of Industrial Innovation & Partnersh
ENG Directorate For Engineering
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Start Date: August 1, 2011
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End Date: July 31, 2014 (Estimated)
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Awarded Amount to Date: $366,000.00
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Investigator(s): Fred Cannon fcannon@psu.edu (Principal Investigator)
Rachel Brennan (Co-Principal Investigator)
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Sponsor: Pennsylvania State Univ University Park
110 Technology Center Building
UNIVERSITY PARK, PA 16802-7000 (814)865-1372
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NSF Program(s): Accelerating Innovation Rsrch
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Program Reference Code(s): 083E, 123E, 1467, 8019, 116E, 9231, 9251
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Program Element Code(s): 8019


This proposal focuses on developing well-suited materials for use in bindered anthracite briques that can replace conventional coke in foundry cupolas. The objectives of this NSF AIR project will be to: (1) Carry forward the market development of biomaterial-bindered anthracite briques as a replacement for coke in foundry cupolas, (2) Translate research-based results into full-scale market potential by conducting the research and development that resolves how industry can supply ultra-fine anthracite grains, mitigate potential brique biodegradation, and diminish air pollution, (3) Work with an anthracite supplier, two pulp miller, two cupola foundries, and others in industry, to demonstrate at full-scale this novel bindered anthracite opportunity. The needs and potential impact of having this replacement material, ultra-fine anthracite, for coke are clearly stated, where the environmental, financial, and industrial impacts are large. As stated in the proposal, this work will help advance the areas of sustainable manufacturing, high temperature bindering, ultrasonics, microbiology, coal processing, and wood (i.e., lignin) products.

The broader impacts of this proposal could help the US coke industry in addressing the need for more manufacturing capability. The proposal puts forth alternative materials that require less energy to manufacture and release less CO2 and volatile organic carbon air emissions. Successful completion of this project will increase American business competitiveness by transforming otherwise wasted coal and biomaterials into value-added products, while sustainably making manufactured goods for the US population. The proposed research will also offer excellent opportunities for teaching, training, learning, and discovery relative to sustainable manufacturing. The PI also plans to bring a minority Ph.D candidate into this program to broaden the participation of underrepresented groups and integrating diversity into learning.


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Lumadue, M. R., F. S. Cannon, N.R. Brown. "Lignin as both fuel and fusing binder in briquetted anthracite fines for foundry coke substitutes," Fuel, v.97, 2012, p. 277.

Nieto-Delgado, C., F.S. Cannon, P.D. Paulsen, J.C. Furness, R.C. Voigt, J.R. Pagnotti. "Bindered anthracite briquettes as fuel alternative to metallurgical coke: Full scale performance in cupola furnaces.," Fuel, v.V1, 2014, p. pp.39-47.


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