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Award Abstract #1256819

Collaborative Research: Disturbance and productivity as drivers of plant-pollinator diversity and function across scales

NSF Org: DEB
Division Of Environmental Biology
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Initial Amendment Date: March 19, 2013
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Latest Amendment Date: March 19, 2013
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Award Number: 1256819
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Award Instrument: Standard Grant
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Program Manager: Saran Twombly
DEB Division Of Environmental Biology
BIO Direct For Biological Sciences
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Start Date: March 15, 2013
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End Date: February 28, 2017 (Estimated)
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Awarded Amount to Date: $622,060.00
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Investigator(s): Laura Burkle laura.burkle@montana.edu (Principal Investigator)
Russel Belote (Co-Principal Investigator)
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Sponsor: Montana State University
309 MONTANA HALL
BOZEMAN, MT 59717-2470 (406)994-2381
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NSF Program(s): POP & COMMUNITY ECOL PROG,
EXP PROG TO STIM COMP RES
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Program Reference Code(s): 9150, 9169, EGCH
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Program Element Code(s): 1182, 9150

ABSTRACT

Despite the importance of wildfires in natural ecosystems, neither ecologists nor land managers fully understand how wildfire shapes biodiversity and ecosystem services across natural landscapes that vary in productivity. In this collaborative project, three early-career investigators will integrate field sampling, experiments, and modeling to understand how wildfires influence plant-pollinator networks in the Northern Rocky Mountains. The study will extend local plant-pollinator dynamics to regional scales across a productivity gradient, and will leverage a 30-year record of wildfires to investigate dynamics over longer periods than are possible using short-term experiments. The combination of broad spatial analyses with longer temporal records will provide unique insights into how wildfire shapes biodiversity and important ecosystem services across complex landscapes.

Billions of dollars are spent annually to suppress wildfires to protect the livelihoods of human societies within fire-prone landscapes. Simultaneously, huge investments are devoted to restoring fire without clear understanding of how it influences ecological interactions and the essential ecosystem services they provide. Results from this project will directly inform land management policy. The researchers will work closely with managers to develop and implement feasible forest management programs to optimize biodiversity and ecosystem function across complex environmental gradients. Courses in fire ecology and null models, a special session of the Montana Forest Restoration Committee, and mentorship of Hopa Mountain Native Science Fellows are planned in order to bring together diverse perspectives in ecology, management, policy, and native cultures. Students and a post-doctoral researcher will be involved in both research and outreach with government agencies, land managers, and the public. Together, this interdisciplinary team is poised to build relationships critical for solving some of the most pressing environmental issues at the interface of ecology and society.

This project is jointly funded by the Population and Community Ecology Program and the Office of the Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR).


PUBLICATIONS PRODUCED AS A RESULT OF THIS RESEARCH

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P.F. Hessburg et al
19 authors, including Belote. "Restoring Fire-Prone Landscapes: Seven Core Principles.

In addition to other elements of fire ecology in the American West, it describes effects of mixed severity fire on beta diversity," Landscape Ecology, 2015.

Belote, R.T., and G.H. Aplet. "Land protection and timber harvesting along productivity and diversity gradients in the Northern Rocky Mountains," Ecosphere, v.5, 2014, p. article 1.

Burkle, L.A., R.T. Belote, and J.A. Myers. "The beta-diversity of species interactions: Untangling the
drivers of geographic variation in plant-pollinator diversity and function across scales," American Journal of Botany, v.103, 2016, p. 118-128.

Burkle, L.A., J.A. Myers, and R.T. Belote. "Wildfire disturbance and productivity as drivers of plant species diversity across spatial scales," Ecosphere, v.6, 2015, p. article 2.

 

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