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Discovery
True or False? When Memories Play Tricks

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a series of photos showing a robber placing a stolen wallet in his pants pocket

Sample stimuli used in the experiment. While many items are the same (generic items), a detail is changed in the critical items. Here, in the original version, the robber places the wallet he just stole in his jacket pocket. In the misinformation version seen later, he places the wallet in his pants pocket. When participants remembered both seeing him place the wallet in his pants pocket and this having happened in the original version of the vignette, a false memory had occurred.

Credit: Craig Stark and Yoko Okado, Johns Hopkins University Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences


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