text-only page produced automatically by LIFT Text Transcoder Skip all navigation and go to page contentSkip top navigation and go to directorate navigationSkip top navigation and go to page navigation
National Science Foundation Home National Science Foundation - Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences (SBE)
Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences (BCS)
design element
BCS Home
About BCS
Funding Opportunities
Awards
News
Events
Discoveries
Publications
Career Opportunities
Human Subjects Guidance
Human Subjects FAQs
View BCS Staff
SBE Organizations
Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences (BCS)
National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES)
Social and Economic Sciences (SES)
SBE Office of Multidisciplinary Activities (SMA)
Proposals and Awards
Proposal and Award Policies and Procedures Guide
  Introduction
Proposal Preparation and Submission
bullet Grant Proposal Guide
  bullet Grants.gov Application Guide
Award and Administration
bullet Award and Administration Guide
Award Conditions
Other Types of Proposals
Merit Review
NSF Outreach
Policy Office
Other Site Features
Special Reports
Research Overviews
Multimedia Gallery
Classroom Resources
NSF-Wide Investments

Email this pagePrint this page
All Images

Discovery
Understanding the Building Blocks of Language and Thought

Back to article | Note about images

Language helps babies learn spatial relationships such as "in" and "on."

Casasola's research shows that language input from caregivers, as well as babies' own play behaviors, helps babies comprehend spatial relationships such as "in" and "on."

Credit: Photos.com

 

Korean babies learn "tight-fit," rather than "in" and "on."

Instead of "in" and "on," Korean-learning babies learn the similar (but not quite parallel) concept of "tight-fit" or "kkita" by snapping together tight-fitting toys like Duplos™.

Credit: Photos.com

 

Demonstration and language help babies grasp the concept of containment ("in").

One of Casasola's research methodologies involves showing babies video examples of containment ("in") and observing their responses. Between 10 and 18 months of age, babies do not yet recognize the commonality between different examples of containment ("in") or support ("on"), but seem to grasp the concepts based on the language used to describe the spatial relationship.

Credit: Marianella Casasola and Garin Danner

 

Babies can learn both the concept of "in" and the concept of "tight-fit."

With this type of toy, English-learning toddlers learn the concept of "in" while Korean-learning toddlers learn the concept of "tight-fit." In research to discover whether English-learning toddlers could think like their Korean-learning counterparts, Casasola found that babies as young as 18 months old are flexible in their learning and can adapt to new language patterns, apply a different type of word and organize concepts according to different bases.

Credit: Photos.com

 

Casasola's students learn a variety of research methodologies.

Casasola (left) with student Geunwon Kim. Casasola involves graduate and undergraduate students in her studies to train them in a variety of research methodologies that will help them become strong, independent researchers.

Credit: Cornell University Photography. Photo by Kevin Stearns.

 



Email this pagePrint this page
Back to Top of page