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Earth Sciences (EAR) Discoveries

NSF's public investment in science, engineering, education and technology helps to create knowledge and sustain prosperity. Read here about the Internet, microbursts, Web browsers, extrasolar planets, and more... a panoply of discoveries and innovations that began with NSF support.

Page: Previous |Next (Showing: 31-60 of 65) | Search Discoveries

Illustration of satellite and ground-based systems monitoring snowmelt and water in the Sierra. A Tree Stands in the Sierra Nevada
A coniferous view of the link between snowmelt and water supplies in the U.S. West
Released  August 7, 2012
A dot on a map of the United States, Cherokee Marsh in Wisconsin is central to the Yahara watershed. Cry Me a River: Following a Watershed's Winding Path to Sustainability
National Science Foundation "Water, Sustainability and Climate" award fosters new view of urban rivers, lakes
Released  March 9, 2012
Image of snow-covered Mount Washington, N.H. The Snows of Mount Washington
Climate and environmental change in the U.S. northeast corridor
Released  March 2, 2012
Photo of a Cape sugarbird resting on a protea flower. Biodiversity of Earth's Richest Plant Kingdom Under Fire
In response to climate change, will a postage-sized-domain move uphill--and ultimately out of room?
Released  January 27, 2012
Photo of a natural gas drilling platform in Pennsylvania. Can Marcellus Shale Gas Development and Healthy Waterways Sustainably Coexist?
National Science Foundation Sustainability Research Coordination Network is Providing Answers
Released  December 9, 2011
Screenshot from the Earth Exploration Toolbook. The Earth Exploration Toolbook Wins SPORE Award
Online resource for teachers and students provides data and data analysis tools related to the Earth sciences
Released  October 3, 2011
Photo of a coastal outcrop exposure of Late Ordovician Ellis Bay Formation. Relationship Found Between Ancient Climate Change and Mass Extinction
Researchers use a ground-breaking technique that reveals a relationship between cooler temperatures and Earth's second largest mass extinction, which occurred about 450 million years ago
Released  February 17, 2011
Photo of three California seed-harvester ant queens along with brood and a young worker ant. Superorganisms Are More Than the Sum of Their Parts
Studying ants to find out how colony size affects patterns of behavior and energy use
Released  January 25, 2011
Photo of Cristiano Collettini looking at the Zuccale Fault on the Isle of Elba, Italy. Mystery Behind Weak Earthquake Faults Solved
Chris Marone and Cristiano Collettini on their research team's work to find out why low-angle, normal faults slip
Released  April 9, 2010
Aerial photo of new forests above the shrinking Mendenhall Glacier. When Glaciers Melt, What's in the Water?
Measuring the movement of nutrients in Alaska's glacial streams is a "hot topic" for an NSF-supported research team
Released  March 17, 2010
Image showing flood inundation of the Iowa River on the University of Iowa Arts Campus. Better Prediction Sought for Devastating Floods
Research on the geophysical aspects of flooding could be key to developing new, real-time flood warning and forecasting systems
Released  September 3, 2009
Photo of Gregory Lehn and Matt Knhosh talking with co-principal investigator Jim McClelland. Permafrost Could Be Climate's Ticking Time Bomb
Researchers conduct fieldwork to track permafrost melting in Alaska and gain insight about the release of carbon into the atmosphere
Released  August 5, 2009
Photo of a researcher collecting soil samples at the Arctic LTER site. Life Underground Critical to Earth's Ecosystems
Scientists travel 'down the rabbit hole' for new view of subterranean biodiversity
Released  July 29, 2009
Photo of researchers collecting microbial biofilms in the Frasassi cave system, central Italy. Caves Reveal Evolution of Ancient Microbes
Jenn Macalady's geomicrobiology group is discovering the rules that enable microbes living in dark, oxygen-free environments to adapt and evolve
Released  March 27, 2009
Photo of Michael Loranty wiring one of many sap flow sensors in the aspen stand. Taking the Pulse of the Forest
Michael Loranty describes 'wiring' a forest for research to determine how much water the trees use
Released  March 18, 2009
Eight thumbnail images and 2008 in Review 2008: Year in Review
A look back at some of the NSF-supported advances and activities that made news last year
Released  March 13, 2009
Illustration of dinosaurs dying amid a volcanic eruption. Volcanoes, Not Asteroid, May Have Taken Out the Dinosaurs
New theory of dinosaurs’ demise looks to India
Released  December 8, 2008
Photo of skeletal reconstruction of Majungasaurus, a Late Cretaceous dinosaur from Madagascar. The Bizarre Creatures of Madagascar
Paleontologist David Krause describes his search for the ancestors of mammals that live in Madagascar today
Released  September 24, 2008
Ilustration of a crater formed from the impact of a comet or asteroid in Chesapeake Bay. Crumbling Walls of Ancient Chesapeake Bay Crater Threaten Regional Groundwater Supplies
Saltwater intrusion into collapsing crater also allows microbes to flourish
Released  August 12, 2008
Photo of mountains in China that flank the Min River near the epicenter of the Wenchuan quake. Long Wait Before Next China Quake?
May 12 earthquake rare and unexpected, geologists discover
Released  July 10, 2008
Striped fossil feather and recent woodpecker feather show melanosomes in dark, but not light, areas. Fossil Feathers Preserve Evidence of Color
Organic material reveals remnants of color pigments
Released  July 10, 2008
Photo of insect mine on a 53 million-year-old fossil from Wyoming's Bighorn Basin. Hunt for Fossils Finds Warning for Warming Earth
Graduate student Ellen Currano provides a glimpse of paleontological fieldwork, describing how she collects fossil leaves for research studying the effects of climate change on plants and insect herbivores
Released  May 27, 2008
2007 In Review 2007: Year in Review
A look back at some of the NSF-supported advances and activities reported last year
Released  January 30, 2008
Photo shows Anne Sheehan when she traveled to Nepal. Risky Science at the Top of the World
Geology Professor Anne Sheehan recounts obstacles faced doing research in Nepal in September 2001
Released  January 2, 2008
Photo shows the aerial view of the Somma-Vesuvius volcano. Feverish Effort Under Way to Understand Mt. Vesuvius
Geologist Lucia Gurioli tells how a life-long interest in the A.D. 79 eruption led to her research interest in Vesuvius' volcanic processes
Released  December 12, 2007
Yellowstone National Park's caldera, a remnant of an ancient volcano, is rising. Yellowstone Rising
Volcano inflating with molten rock at record rate
Released  November 13, 2007
Photo of rock with arrow pointing to "black mat" of algal growth Comet May Have Exploded Over North America 13,000 Years Ago
Caused wooly mammoth extinction, global cooling and end of early human Clovis culture
Released  August 14, 2007
An artist's rendition of the proposed Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory design. Team Selected for the Proposed Design of the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory
Released  July 10, 2007
2006 in Review 2006: Year in Review
A look back at some of the NSF-supported activities highlighted last year
Released  January 9, 2007
Two researchers hover over field notes. Molecules Are Fossils, Too
Paleoproteomics lends fresh insight into ancient bones
Released  May 17, 2006

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