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Geosciences (GEO) Discoveries

NSF's public investment in science, engineering, education and technology helps to create knowledge and sustain prosperity. Read here about the Internet, microbursts, Web browsers, extrasolar planets, and more... a panoply of discoveries and innovations that began with NSF support.

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Page: Previous |Next (Showing: 91-120 of 183) | Search Discoveries

Photo of a Cape sugarbird resting on a protea flower. Biodiversity of Earth's Richest Plant Kingdom Under Fire
In response to climate change, will a postage-sized-domain move uphill--and ultimately out of room?
Released  January 27, 2012
Winter in the oak savanna at NSF's Cedar Creek Long-Term Ecological Research site. Out of Africa and Into the American Midwest
Last of the oak savannas survives at NSF Cedar Creek Long-Term Ecological Research site
Released  January 6, 2012
Aerial view of ocean near Mo'orea. Trouble in Paradise: Ocean Acidification This Way Comes
Sustainability of tropical corals in question, but some species developing survival mechanisms
Released  January 4, 2012
Photo of a natural gas drilling platform in Pennsylvania. Can Marcellus Shale Gas Development and Healthy Waterways Sustainably Coexist?
National Science Foundation Sustainability Research Coordination Network is Providing Answers
Released  December 9, 2011
Image of dead maple leaves on the forest floor. Seeing the Forest Under the Trees
New Effect of Acid Rain on Forests: Too Many Dead Leaves a Bad Sign for Sugar Maples
Released  December 7, 2011
Image of the Doppler-on-Wheels. Dashing Through the Snow, in a One-truck Radar Dish
Scientists study mountain west snowstorms through the eye of the Doppler-on-Wheels
Released  December 6, 2011
Model simulation of carbon monoxide in the middle and upper troposphere in March-April 2010. A HIPPO Takes to the Skies to Taste Earth's Atmosphere
The HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observation (HIPPO) project generated an extraordinarily detailed mapping of the global distribution of greenhouse gases, black carbon and related chemical species in the atmosphere
Released  October 25, 2011
Screenshot from the Earth Exploration Toolbook. The Earth Exploration Toolbook Wins SPORE Award
Online resource for teachers and students provides data and data analysis tools related to the Earth sciences
Released  October 3, 2011
Jim Kinter, director of the Center for Ocan-Land-Atmosphere Studies at George Mason University. Looking Ahead to Local Climate Models
Scientists at George Mason University's Center for Ocean-Land-Atmospheric Studies are working on more accurate climate predictions that will help us plan for the future
Released  July 14, 2011
Photo of Adam Rosenblatt holding an alligator. Alligator Commuters: Gators' Travels Link Freshwater and Marine Ecosystems
Florida alligators travel upstream and downstream between marshes and the coast
Released  June 23, 2011
Photo taken underwater of the giant kelp canopy in the Santa Barbara Channel. New View of Undersea Giant Kelp Forest "Canopy"--From Satellites Above
Marine scientists discover wave disturbance, nutrient levels affect California giant kelp growth
Released  May 25, 2011
Photo of John Kessler and David Valentine in front of the Deepwater Horizon Gulf oil spill. How Tiny Microbes Took a Big Bite out of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
Two scientists describe their research on the fate of massive methane releases from the Gulf oil spill during the summer and fall of 2010
Released  May 23, 2011
Photo of Quttinirpaaq National Park, which is dominated by glaciers and tundra vegetation. Mummified Trees Could Take Climate Scientists Back to the Future
Newly discovered ancient, mummified trees may reveal clues about future ecosystem responses to climate change
Released  March 16, 2011
Photo of an NSF-funded ISR radar in Resolute Bay, Nunavut, Canada. Tracking the Causes of Space-based Weather Disruptions
Scientists use innovative Radio Aurora Explorer satellite to discover conditions that cause disruptions in space-based communication and navigation signals
Released  March 16, 2011
Photo of a coastal outcrop exposure of Late Ordovician Ellis Bay Formation. Relationship Found Between Ancient Climate Change and Mass Extinction
Researchers use a ground-breaking technique that reveals a relationship between cooler temperatures and Earth's second largest mass extinction, which occurred about 450 million years ago
Released  February 17, 2011
Photo of three California seed-harvester ant queens along with brood and a young worker ant. Superorganisms Are More Than the Sum of Their Parts
Studying ants to find out how colony size affects patterns of behavior and energy use
Released  January 25, 2011
Image of Joshua Wurman, director of the Center for Severe Weather Research. Eye-to-Eye With a Blizzard ...Tornado ... Hurricane
A day in the life of the Doppler-on-Wheels
Released  December 8, 2010
Photo of the Sun taken by the SOHO spacecraft. Scientists Listen to Song of the Sun
The sun is a very noisy place, generating an inferred multi-frequency song comparable to cathedral bells
Released  September 28, 2010
Photo of two people excavating a sampling tunnel into Taylor Glacier. Researchers Hunt Down Antarctic Microbes
Scientists from Louisiana State University look for signs of microbial life in Antarctica's glaciers
Released  June 3, 2010
Image showing the annual mean aerosol optical depth for 2006. Pollution Speeds up Snow Melt in Europe, Asia
NSF-supported climate scientist Mark Flanner and colleagues find differences in the rates for spring warming and snow cover decline in Eurasia and North America, and are studying whether aerosols are a key factor
Released  April 30, 2010
Photo of Cristiano Collettini looking at the Zuccale Fault on the Isle of Elba, Italy. Mystery Behind Weak Earthquake Faults Solved
Chris Marone and Cristiano Collettini on their research team's work to find out why low-angle, normal faults slip
Released  April 9, 2010
Photo showing zebra stripes of dust and snow on the snow surface in Colorado mountains. Dust-on-Snow: On Spring Winds, Something Wicked This Way Comes
Earlier snowmelt, altered water supplies, result
Released  April 2, 2010
Image from a simulated interplanetary disturbance caused by an solar magnetic eruption (SME) Taking the "Surprise" out of Surprise Solar Storms
Scientists are learning to predict giant solar storms that could, at any time, hit the Earth and produce cascading catastrophes
Released  March 18, 2010
Aerial photo of new forests above the shrinking Mendenhall Glacier. When Glaciers Melt, What's in the Water?
Measuring the movement of nutrients in Alaska's glacial streams is a "hot topic" for an NSF-supported research team
Released  March 17, 2010
Photo of women geoscientists using a hand augur to drill Lake Vanda, Antarctica, in 1969-1970. The First Women in Antarctica
Forty years ago, a pioneering research team from Ohio State made history as the first U.S. women in Antarctica
Released  January 11, 2010
Image showing flood inundation of the Iowa River on the University of Iowa Arts Campus. Better Prediction Sought for Devastating Floods
Research on the geophysical aspects of flooding could be key to developing new, real-time flood warning and forecasting systems
Released  September 3, 2009
Photo of Gregory Lehn and Matt Knhosh talking with co-principal investigator Jim McClelland. Permafrost Could Be Climate's Ticking Time Bomb
Researchers conduct fieldwork to track permafrost melting in Alaska and gain insight about the release of carbon into the atmosphere
Released  August 5, 2009
Photo of juvenile northern elephant seals on the beach at Ano Nuevo. How Penguins & Seals Survive Deep Dives
Jessica Meir goes to extreme environments to learn how birds and mammals thrive in conditions that humans cannot tolerate, and she tells readers all about it
Released  July 31, 2009
Photo of a researcher collecting soil samples at the Arctic LTER site. Life Underground Critical to Earth's Ecosystems
Scientists travel 'down the rabbit hole' for new view of subterranean biodiversity
Released  July 29, 2009
Photo of Peter Lawrence pointing to landcover changes on a computer screen. Scientists Tackle Climate Model Mystery
Researchers trace a problem with a key climate model to its hydrology scheme and find a simpler scheme keeps simulations in line with real-world observations
Released  June 19, 2009

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