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Earth & Environment Discoveries

NSF's public investment in science, engineering, education and technology helps to create knowledge and sustain prosperity. Read here about the Internet, microbursts, Web browsers, extrasolar planets, and more... a panoply of discoveries and innovations that began with NSF support.

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Page: Previous |Next (Showing: 91-120 of 211)

Image of dead maple leaves on the forest floor. Seeing the Forest Under the Trees
New Effect of Acid Rain on Forests: Too Many Dead Leaves a Bad Sign for Sugar Maples
Released  December 7, 2011
Image of the Doppler-on-Wheels. Dashing Through the Snow, in a One-truck Radar Dish
Scientists study mountain west snowstorms through the eye of the Doppler-on-Wheels
Released  December 6, 2011
Image of a house in the Lower Ninth Ward in New Orleans that was destroyed by Hurricane Katrina. New Forecasting Algorithm Helps Predict Hurricane Intensity and Wind Speed
The Prediction Intensity Interval model for Hurricanes (PIIH) algorithm seeks to mitigate damage by the "evil god of winds and destruction"
Released  December 5, 2011
Model simulation of carbon monoxide in the middle and upper troposphere in March-April 2010. A HIPPO Takes to the Skies to Taste Earth's Atmosphere
The HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observation (HIPPO) project generated an extraordinarily detailed mapping of the global distribution of greenhouse gases, black carbon and related chemical species in the atmosphere
Released  October 25, 2011
Screenshot from the Earth Exploration Toolbook. The Earth Exploration Toolbook Wins SPORE Award
Online resource for teachers and students provides data and data analysis tools related to the Earth sciences
Released  October 3, 2011
Photo of Masao Kanamitsu of Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Modeling the Local Impact of Global Climate Change
Scripps researcher adapts global climate model to improve regional predictions
Released  September 15, 2011
George Huber poses with a vial of green gasoline compounds. Green Gasoline Comes Closer to Fueling Your Car
Researchers have discovered how to make gasoline from sawdust and other plant materials
Released  August 18, 2011
Photo of Virginia Schutte collecting data in the field. Invasive Neighbors Disturb Taiwan's Coasts
University of Georgia student Virginia Schutte describes how a summer in Taiwan gave her the opportunity to get to the bottom of an invasive species problem in mangrove forests there
Released  July 28, 2011
Jim Kinter, director of the Center for Ocan-Land-Atmosphere Studies at George Mason University. Looking Ahead to Local Climate Models
Scientists at George Mason University's Center for Ocean-Land-Atmospheric Studies are working on more accurate climate predictions that will help us plan for the future
Released  July 14, 2011
Graph showing the reflectivity at the surface of one of McGovern's simulations. Supercomputer Simulations to Help Predict Tornadoes
Researchers seek to fundamentally transform understanding of spinning giants
Released  June 29, 2011
Photo of Adam Rosenblatt holding an alligator. Alligator Commuters: Gators' Travels Link Freshwater and Marine Ecosystems
Florida alligators travel upstream and downstream between marshes and the coast
Released  June 23, 2011
Photo of a male wire-tailed manakin displaying his striking plumage. Manakins, Birds of Tropical Forests, Cooperate for Common Goal
Scientists discover unusual alliances in leks, or groups of males
Released  June 21, 2011
Photo taken underwater of the giant kelp canopy in the Santa Barbara Channel. New View of Undersea Giant Kelp Forest "Canopy"--From Satellites Above
Marine scientists discover wave disturbance, nutrient levels affect California giant kelp growth
Released  May 25, 2011
Photo of John Kessler and David Valentine in front of the Deepwater Horizon Gulf oil spill. How Tiny Microbes Took a Big Bite out of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
Two scientists describe their research on the fate of massive methane releases from the Gulf oil spill during the summer and fall of 2010
Released  May 23, 2011
Image of researcher Robert Walker on left and project manager Eugenio Arima on right. Journey to the Center of the Amazon
Researchers journey along the Transamazon Highway to learn about deforestation and the logging industry
Released  May 4, 2011
Photo of Quttinirpaaq National Park, which is dominated by glaciers and tundra vegetation. Mummified Trees Could Take Climate Scientists Back to the Future
Newly discovered ancient, mummified trees may reveal clues about future ecosystem responses to climate change
Released  March 16, 2011
Photo of an NSF-funded ISR radar in Resolute Bay, Nunavut, Canada. Tracking the Causes of Space-based Weather Disruptions
Scientists use innovative Radio Aurora Explorer satellite to discover conditions that cause disruptions in space-based communication and navigation signals
Released  March 16, 2011
Photo of a coastal outcrop exposure of Late Ordovician Ellis Bay Formation. Relationship Found Between Ancient Climate Change and Mass Extinction
Researchers use a ground-breaking technique that reveals a relationship between cooler temperatures and Earth's second largest mass extinction, which occurred about 450 million years ago
Released  February 17, 2011
Photo of Michelle Meighan feeding a kangaroo during her summer in Tasmania. The Tasmanian Devil in the Wastewater
Arizona State University grad student Michelle Meighan on her experiences in Tasmania as a participant in NSF’s East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes program
Released  February 3, 2011
Image of Joshua Wurman, director of the Center for Severe Weather Research. Eye-to-Eye With a Blizzard ...Tornado ... Hurricane
A day in the life of the Doppler-on-Wheels
Released  December 8, 2010
Photo of the Sun taken by the SOHO spacecraft. Scientists Listen to Song of the Sun
The sun is a very noisy place, generating an inferred multi-frequency song comparable to cathedral bells
Released  September 28, 2010
Photo of fourth-graders using Evolution Readiness software. Students Explore Evolution Through Evolution Readiness Project
An interactive computer model helps teach students about evolution.
Released  September 2, 2010
Photo of two people excavating a sampling tunnel into Taylor Glacier. Researchers Hunt Down Antarctic Microbes
Scientists from Louisiana State University look for signs of microbial life in Antarctica's glaciers
Released  June 3, 2010
Photo of researchers collecting a sediment core from Silver Lake, Ohio. Mass Animal Extinctions, Not Climate Change, Caused Major Shifts in Plant Communities
NSF-supported researchers investigate a connection between the disappearance of certain plant communities and the late-Pleistocene extinction of large mammal species in North America
Released  May 26, 2010
Photo of Amy Barnes making phosphorus-rich phosphate glass to use with her doctoral research work. On Earth Day and Everyday, Ecologist Fights for Phosphorus
NSF-supported ecologist James Elser is internationally recognized as an expert on phosphorus in biology and ecology, and his research could help to change society’s views on phosphorus use and conservation
Released  May 6, 2010
Image showing the annual mean aerosol optical depth for 2006. Pollution Speeds up Snow Melt in Europe, Asia
NSF-supported climate scientist Mark Flanner and colleagues find differences in the rates for spring warming and snow cover decline in Eurasia and North America, and are studying whether aerosols are a key factor
Released  April 30, 2010
Photo of Eriophyllum lanosum, a desert winter annual. Even in the Desert, Plants Feel the Heat of Global Warming
NSF-supported researchers study the germination of plants in the Sonoran Desert to determine the impact of the later arrival of winter rains
Released  April 23, 2010
Photo of Cristiano Collettini looking at the Zuccale Fault on the Isle of Elba, Italy. Mystery Behind Weak Earthquake Faults Solved
Chris Marone and Cristiano Collettini on their research team's work to find out why low-angle, normal faults slip
Released  April 9, 2010
Photo of Starry Sprenkle demonstrating the use of a new GPS unit to her staffers. Amidst Earthquake in Haiti, Ecologist Puts Down Roots
NSF graduate research fellow Starry Sprenkle describes life and her ecological research project in Haiti, and the impact of the devastating earthquake
Released  April 5, 2010
Photo showing zebra stripes of dust and snow on the snow surface in Colorado mountains. Dust-on-Snow: On Spring Winds, Something Wicked This Way Comes
Earlier snowmelt, altered water supplies, result
Released  April 2, 2010

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