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Biology and medicine

Marine and terrestrial geology and geophysics

Ocean and climate studies

Aeronomy and astrophysics

Glaciology

Environmental research

Services and support

Foundation awards of funds for antarctic projects, 1 February 1997 through 31 May 1997

Award numbers for all awards initiated by the Office of Polar Programs (OPP) contain the prefix "OPP." However, funding of awards is sometimes shared by two or more antarctic science or support programs within OPP or between OPP antarctic and arctic science or support programs. For these awards, a listing is included under the heading for each OPP program that funded the project. The first amount represents the funds provided by that individual program, and the second amount, in parentheses, is the total award amount. All of these contain the OPP prefix. Additionally, investigators may receive funds for antarctic research from other divisions or offices of the National Science Foundation, as well as from OPP. When awards are initiated by another NSF division, the three-letter prefix for that program is included in the award number; "DEB" denotes Division of Environmental Biology, Directorate for Biological Sciences; "INT" denotes Division of International Programs, Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences; "ATM" denotes Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Directorate for Geosciences. As with awards split between OPP programs, antarctic program funds are listed first, and the total amount is listed in parentheses.

Biology and medicine

Ainley, David G. H.T. Harvey and Associates, Alviso, California. Factors regulating population size and colony distribution of Adélie penguins in the Ross Sea. OPP 95-26865. $129,149. ($303,973)

Arrigo, Kevin R. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Greenbelt, Maryland. Research on Ocean-Atmosphere Variability and Ecosystem Response in the Ross Sea (ROAVERRS). OPP 97-41970. $65,441.

Azam, Farooq. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California. Bacterial production uncoupled from primary production: Implications for dissolved organic matter fluxes in the southern oceans. OPP 95-30851. $43,333. ($171,484)

Azam, Farooq. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California. Development of a nonradioisotopic method to measure bacterial production in the sea. OPP 97-08153. $50,000.

Baker, Bill J. Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida. The chemical ecology of shallow-water antarctic marine invertebrates. OPP 95-26610. $95,819. ($191,621)

Barber, Richard T. Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. Primary production in the southern oceans. OPP 95-31981. $55,000. ($220,000)

Bengtson, John L. Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, Washington. Workshop on the role of pack-ice seals in antarctic ecosystems. OPP 96-15719. $39,400.

Bosch, Isidro M. State University of New York, Geneseo, New York. Ultraviolet photobiology of the developmental planktonic stages of antarctic benthic invertebrates. OPP 95-28089. $64,217. ($134,655)

Boster, James S. University of California, Irvine, California. Social structure, agreement, and conflict in groups in extreme and isolated environments: A cross-cultural comparison. OPP 96-10232. $0. ($29,383)

Bronk, Deborah A. University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia. New and regenerated production in the southern oceans: Ross Sea studies. OPP 95-30732. $13,237. ($56,364)

Bronk, Deborah A. University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia. New and regenerated production in the southern oceans: Ross Sea studies. OPP 97-41057. $5,000.

Cochlan, William P. University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California. New and regenerated production in the southern ocean: Ross Sea study. OPP 95-30716. $49,261. ($229,180)

Davis, Randall W. Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas. Weddell seal foraging: Behavioral and energetic strategies for hunting beneath the antarctic fast-ice. OPP 96-14857. $55,556.

Day, Thomas A. Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona. Impacts of climate change on antarctic vascular plants: Warming and ultraviolet-B radiation. OPP 96-15268. $135,296.

Delong, Edward F. University of California, Santa Barbara, California. Antarctic marine archaebacteria: Biological properties and ecological significance. OPP 94-18442. $120,808. ($234,428)

Detrich, H. William. Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts. Structure, function, and expression of cold-adapted tubulins and microtubule-dependent motors from antarctic fishes. OPP 94-20712. $143,834. ($284,460)

DeVries, Arthur L. University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois. Role of antifreeze proteins in freezing avoidance in antarctic fishes: Ecological and organismal physiology, structure-function and mechanism, genetics, and evolution. OPP 96-15023. $197,909.

Fuiman, Lee A. University of Texas, Austin, Texas. Weddell seal foraging: Behavioral and energetic strategies for hunting beneath the antarctic fast-ice. OPP 97-08151. $20,632.

Garrison, David L. University of California, Santa Cruz, California. Ecological studies of sea-ice communities in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. OPP 96-14201. $135,659.

Gosz, James R. University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. The network office of the U.S. Long-Term Ecological Research network for an association of institutions. DEB 96-34135. $110,000. ($1,090,000)

Grebmeier, Jacquelin M. University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee. Research on Ocean-Atmospheric Variability and Ecosystem Response in the Ross Sea (ROAVERRS). OPP 94-20683. $54,615.

Green, William J. Miami University, Oxford, Ohio. Microbial and geochemical controls on metal cycling in Lake Vanda. OPP 97-42405. $8,500.

Johnson, Jeffrey C. East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina. Social structure, agreement, and conflict in groups in extreme and isolated environments: A cross-cultural comparison. OPP 95-30404. $46,350. $61,350.

Jones, Cynthia. Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia. Retroactive determination of movement at age in relation to water mass in Patagonian toothfish through laser-based elemental analysis of otoliths. OPP 96-14756. $26,202.

Karentz, Deneb. University of San Francisco, San Francisco, California. Ultraviolet photobiology of planktonic development stages of antarctic benthic invertebrates. OPP 95-28241. $93,091. ($179,698)

Kirchman, David L. University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware. Bacterial production uncoupled from primary production: Implications for dissolved organic material fluxes in the southern oceans (Joint Global Ocean Flux Study). OPP 97-42330. $4,375.

Kooyman, Gerald L. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California. Critical habitat of emperor penguins breeding in the western Ross Sea. OPP 96-15390. $83,634.

Lizotte, Michael P. University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh, Wisconsin. Research on Ocean-Atmosphere Variability and Ecosystem Response in the Ross Sea (ROAVERRS). OPP 94-20678. $52,939.

Manahan, Donal T. University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California. Metabolic physiology during embryonic and larval development of antarctic echinoderms. OPP 94-20803. $138,113. ($268,408)

Marra, John. Columbia University, New York, New York. Primary production in the southern oceans. OPP 95-30611. $65,000. ($260,000)

McClintock, James B. University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama. The chemical ecology of shallow-water antarctic marine invertebrates. OPP 95-30735. $57,866. ($117,413)

Nevitt, Gabrielle. University of California, Davis, California. Mechanisms of olfactory foraging by antarctic procellariiform seabirds. OPP 96-15061. $10,469.

Olson, Robert J. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Regulation of primary productivity in the southern oceans: Phytoplankton photosynthesis characteristics from individual cell measurements. OPP 95-30718. $69,500. ($249,500)

Palinkas, Lawrence A. University of California, San Diego, California. Social structure, agreement, and conflict in groups in extreme and isolated environments: A cross-cultural comparison. OPP 96-10231. $11,122. ($26,122)

Petzel, David H. Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska. The role and regulation of chloride cells in antarctic fish. OPP 96-13738. $93,845.

Reed, H.L. H.M. Jackson Foundation for Military Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland. The polar T3 syndrome: Metabolic and cognitive manifestations and their hormonal regulation and impact on performance. OPP 94-18466. $120,948. ($162,348)

Sidell, Bruce D. University of Maine, Orono, Maine. Evolution of an oxygen-binding hemoprotein in a unique environment: Myoglobin in the hemoglobinless antarctic icefishes. OPP 94-21657. $147,603. ($287,534)

Siniff, Donald B. University of Minnesota­Twin Cities, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Possible linkages between ecosystem measures and the demographics of a Weddell seal population. OPP 97-41415. $80,000.

Smith, Walker O. University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee. Primary production in the southern oceans. OPP 95-31990. $57,666. ($235,509)

Williams, Terrie M. University of California, Santa Cruz, California. Weddell sea foraging: Behavior and energetic strategies for hunting. OPP 96-18384. $40,967.


Marine and terrestrial geology and geophysics

Anandakrishnan, Sridhar. Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania. Antarctic network of unattended broadband integrated seismometers (ANUBIS). OPP 96-15147. $149,434.

Anderson, John B. Rice University, Houston, Texas. GLACIER: A collaborative antarctic curriculum. OPP 95-53878. $25,000. ($263,978)

Anderson, John B. Rice University, Houston, Texas. Mechanism and timing of west antarctic ice sheet retreat at the end of the Last Glacial Maximum. OPP 95-27876. $155,697. ($305,868)

Andrews, John T. University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado. Late Quaternary history of the western and east-central Ross Sea, Antarctica: A contribution to the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) initiative. OPP 96-14287. $108,451.

Ashworth, Allan C. North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota. The paleoenvironment of the Meyer Desert Formation, Transantarctic Mountains. OPP 96-15252. $103,471.

Askin, Rosemary A. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Initial palynological characterization of Cape Roberts drill cores. OPP 95-27013. $6,830. ($13,429)

Babcock, Loren. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Earliest crayfish: Paleobiologic, paleoecologic, and paleoclimatic implications. OPP 96-14989. $51,348.

Bell, Robin E. Columbia University, New York, New York. Lithospheric controls on the behavior of the west antarctic ice sheet: Corridor Aerogeophysics of Eastern Ross Transect Zone (CASERTZ). OPP 93-19854. $148,137. ($302,227)

Berkman, Paul A. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. U.S.­Japan cooperative science: Cenozoic environmental variability in antarctic coastal areas. INT 96-03369. $2,500. ($32,675)

Bindschadler, Robert A. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Greenbelt, Maryland. Workshops for the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) project. OPP 97-41130. $7,310. ($14,621)

Cande, Steven C. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California. Early Tertiary tectonic evolution of the Pacific-Australia-Antarctic Plate circuit. OPP 97-40959. $6,912.

Case, Judd A. St. Mary's College, Moraga, California. Maestrichtian land mammals of Vega Island, Antarctic Peninsula. OPP 96-15933. $14,118.

Cooper, Alan K. U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California. Antarctic seismic data library system. OPP 96-18700. $25,000.

DePaolo, Donald J. University of California, Berkeley, California. Metamorphism and intrusion chronology and tectonic evolution of the central and southern Transantarctic Mountains using samarium-neodymium isotopes. OPP 97-41034. $19,992.

Elliot, David H. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Jurassic volcanic rocks in the Transantarctic Mountains: A test of a model for continental flood basalt magmatism in Antarctica. OPP 94-20498. $60,551. ($188,781)

Elliot, David H. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Workshop on earth science investigations of the central and southern Transantarctic Mountains. OPP 97-10357. $13,097.

Encarnacion, John P. St. Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri. Constraints on the tectonomagmatic evolution of the Pacific margin of Gondwanaland from uranium-lead geochronology of magmatic rocks in the Transantarctic basement. OPP 96-15398. $48,292.

Engelhardt, Hermann F. California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California. Workshop on subglacial rock drilling, 19­20 June 1997, Pasadena, California. OPP 96-15386. $15,000. ($30,201)

Grunow, Anne M. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Geological and geophysical investigations of the east antarctic margins: A workshop discussion at the Byrd Polar Research Center in Columbus, Ohio, 21­23 February 1997. OPP 97-05586. $20,012.

Grunow, Anne M. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Magma flow directions in Ferrar intrusive rocks using anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility methods. OPP 97-11722. $12,468.

Hammer, William R. Augustana College, Rock Island, Illinois. Continued research on the Triassic and Jurassic vertebrate faunas from the Transantarctic Mountains. OPP 96-14928. $126,644.

Hays, James D. Columbia University, New York, New York. Investigating iceberg calving from antarctic ice sheets through isotope stage 11. OPP 96-15060. $110,000.

Isbell, John L. University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Earliest crayfish: Paleobiologic, paleoecologic, and paleoclimatic implications. OPP 96-15045. $43,310.

Keil, Klaus. University of Hawaii­Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii. Support for the 60th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, Maui, Hawaii, 21­25 July 1997. OPP 97-07077. $10,000.

Klinkhammer, Gary. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. A survey of hydrothermal vents in Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. OPP 97-40689. $11,187.

Klinkhammer, Gary. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. Hydrothermal activity in Bransfield Strait, Antarctica: Sample analysis and data reduction. OPP 96-15259. $92,802.

Kyle, Philip R. New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico. Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory. OPP 94-19267. $78,625. ($155,014)

Lawver, Lawrence A. University of Texas, Austin, Texas. Antarctic tectonics evolution: CD-ROM. OPP 96-15161. $139,178.

Lawver, Lawrence A. University of Texas, Austin, Texas. Scotia Arc Global Positioning System Project (SCARP). OPP 95-26687. $105,418. ($185,411)

Leventer, Amy. University of Minnesota­Twin Cities, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Late Quaternary history of the western and east-central Ross Sea, Antarctica: A contribution to the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) initiative. OPP 96-15046. $0. ($26,100)

Luyendyk, Bruce P. University of California, Santa Barbara, California. Glacial marine stratigraphy in the eastern Ross Sea and western Marie Byrd Land and shallow structure of the west antarctic rift. OPP 97-41890. $29,057.

Marsh, Bruce D. Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland. Three-dimensional magma dynamics in large sills. OPP 94-18513. $110,020. ($220,023)

Miller, Molly F. Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee. Earliest crayfish: Paleobiologic, paleoecologic, and paleoclimatic implications. OPP 96-14709. $46,949.

Mukasa, Samuel B. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Geochemical evolution of the lithospheric mantle beneath East Antarctica: Connections to the plate tectonic development of eastern Gondwanaland. OPP 96-15274. $125,421. ($134,921)

Powell, Ross D. Northern Illinois University, De Kalb, Illinois. Antarctic Ice-Margin Evolution Workshop, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 6­11 July 1997. OPP 97-12995. $14,000.

Ritzwoller, Michael H. University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado. Acquisition of global geophysics computer server. OPP 96-14483. $12,500. ($34,500)

Ritzwoller, Michael H. University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado. The structure of the crust and lithosphere of the Antarctic Plate. OPP 96-15139. $185,000.

Taylor, Edith L. University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas. The Shackleton Glacier area: Floristics, biostratigraphy, and paleoclimate. OPP 93-15353. $151,439. ($293,420)

Taylor, Thomas N. University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas. Jurassic floras of the Carapace Nunatak area: Evolution and paleoclimatic significance. OPP 96-14847. $82,615.

Webb, Peter-Noel. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Antarctic Offshore Stratigraphy (ANTOSTRAT) Program Workshop on Antarctic Lake Phanerozoic Earth System Science, Hobart, Australia, 6­11 July 1997. OPP 97-11557. $15,000.

Wiens, Douglas. Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri. A broadband seismic experiment for study of the tectonics and structure of the Antarctic Peninsula and Scotia Sea regions. OPP 95-27366. $103,623. ($212,680).

Wise, Sherwood W. Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida. Curatorship of antarctic collections. OPP 97-40627. $105,344.

Wise, Sherwood W. Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida. Workshop on Shallow Drilling Systems for U.S. Antarctic Program Research Vessels, August 1997. OPP 97-10358. $22,190.

Woodburne, Michael O. University of California, Riverside, California. Maestrichtian land mammals of Vega Island, Antarctic Peninsula. OPP 96-15236. $55,187.


Ocean and climate studies

Ackley, Stephen F. Gordon Research Conferences, Kingston, Rhode Island. Gordon Research Conference on Sea-Ice Ecology, March 1997, Ventura, California. OPP 96-10004. $15,000.

Bender, Michael L. University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island. The distribution of oxygen in air: Implications for the global carbon cycle. OPP 95-23696. $5,000. ($145,021)

Brzezinski, Mark A. University of California, Santa Barbara, California. Silica cycling and the role of diatoms in the biological pump of the southern oceans. OPP 95-31982. $80,579.

Gordon, Arnold L. Columbia University, New York, New York. Deep Ocean Ventilation Through Antarctic Intermediate Layers (DOVETAIL). OPP 95-28807. $170,756.

Goyet, Catherine. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Distribution, sources, and sinks of dissolved organic matter in the southern oceans. OPP 95-30609. $133,602. ($239,411)

Hedges, John I. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Organic geochemical studies in the southern oceans. OPP 95-31763. $97,213. ($197,535)

Jeffries, Martin O. University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska. Dynamic/thermodynamic processes and their contribution to the sea ice-thickness distribution and radar backscatter in the Ross Sea. OPP 96-14844. $96,112.

Keeling, Ralph F. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California. Atmospheric oxygen variability in relation to annual-to-decadal variations in terrestrial and marine ecosystems. ATM 96-12518. $10,000. ($315,031)

Lee, Cindy L. State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York. Organic geochemical studies in the southern oceans. OPP 95-30891. $79,470. ($174,817)

Martinson, Douglas G. Columbia University, New York, New York. Deep Ocean Ventilation Through Antarctic Intermediate Layers (DOVETAIL). OPP 95-27752. $61,550.

Matano, Ricardo P. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. Deep Ocean Ventilation Through Antarctic Intermediate Layers (DOVETAIL). OPP 95-27695. $90,144.

Nelson, David M. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. Silica cycling and the role of diatoms in the biological pump of the southern oceans. OPP 95-30677. $59,123.

Padman, Laurence. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. Turbulent mixing rear the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelves. OPP 96-15525. $102,837.

Schlosser, Peter. Columbia University, New York, New York. Deep Ocean Ventilation Through Antarctic Intermediate Layers (DOVETAIL). OPP 95-28805. $53,398.

Smethie, William M. Columbia University, New York, New York. Deep Ocean Ventilation Through Antarctic Intermediate Layers (DOVETAIL). OPP 95-28806. $55,888.

Takahashi, Taro. Columbia University, New York, New York. Measurements of carbon dioxide during the southern ocean Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS). OPP 95-30684. $400,000. ($740,000)

Wakeham, Stuart G. Skidaway Institute of Oceanography, Savannah, Georgia. Organic geochemical studies in the southern oceans. OPP 95-31759. $78,893. ($173,565)

Warren, Stephen G. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Climate processes on the antarctic plateau. OPP 94-21096. $158,813. ($358,670)

Wendler, Gerd. University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska. Investigations of katabatic wind and its interaction with sea ice. OPP 94-13879. $120,861. ($246,579)

Wettlaufer, John S. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Interfacial melting and frost heave in ice. OPP 95-23513. $109,110. ($210,202)


Aeronomy and astrophysics

Arnoldy, Roger L. University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire. An investigation of magnetospheric boundaries using ground-based induction magnetometers operated at manned stations as part of an extensive ground array. OPP 96-13683. $63,838. ($127,675)

Baker, Kile B. Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland. Multiradar studies of the dynamics of the antarctic ionosphere. OPP 94-21266. $50,000. ($167,000)

Bieber, John W. Bartol Research Institute, Newark, Delaware. Solar and heliospheric studies with antarctic cosmic-ray observations. OPP 95-28122. $205,000. ($405,184)

Deshler, Terry L. University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming. In situ measurements of polar stratospheric clouds spanning the austral winter and of ozone from late winter to early spring. OPP 96-15198. $177,119. ($197,302)

Dusenbery, Paul B. Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colorado. Space weather outreach. OPP 96-15624. $5,000. ($90,000)

Fraser-Smith, A.C. Stanford University, Stanford, California. The operation of an extremely-low-frequency/very-low-frequency radiometer at Arrival Heights, Antarctica. OPP 96-16251. $15,262.

Gaisser, Thomas K. Bartol Research Institute, Newark, Delaware. South Pole Air Shower Experiment­2 (SPASE-2). OPP 96-15101. $245,000.

Inan, Umran S. Stanford University, Stanford, California. Global thunderstorm activity and its effects on the radiation belts and the lower ionosphere. OPP 96-15855. $84,575.

LaBelle, James W. Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire. High-latitude electromagnetic wave studies using antarctic automatic geophysical observatories. OPP 96-15138. $55,211.

Morse, Robert M. University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin. The Antarctic Muon and Neutrino Detector Array­II (AMANDA-II) project. OPP 95-28559. $550,000. ($1,278,600)

Novak, Giles. Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois. Submillimeter polarimetry of the galactic nucleus. OPP 96-18319. $20,000. ($100,000)

Papen, George C. University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois. Rayleigh and sodium lidar studies of the troposphere, stratosphere, and mesosphere at the Amundsen­Scott South Pole Station. OPP 97-40524. $67,538.

Rosenberg, Theodore J. University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland. Polar Experiment Network for Geophysical Upper-Atmosphere Investigations (PENGUIN). OPP 95-29177. $450,000. ($891,912)

Wilkes, R. Jeffrey. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Antarctic long-duration balloon flight for the Japanese-American cosmic-ray emulsion-chamber experiment (JACEE) collaboration. OPP 95-28397. $42,000. ($84,000)


Glaciology

Alley, Richard B. Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania. Physical properties of the Siple Dome deep ice core. OPP 95-26374. $75,704.

Baker, Ian. Dartmouth College. Hanover, New Hampshire. Flow and fracture of ice. OPP 95-26454. $87,000. ($172,000)

Bentley, Charles R. University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin. An examination of the dynamic stability of the west antarctic ice sheet by numerical modeling. OPP 95-27044. $17,484. ($117,479)

Bentley, Charles R. University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin. Radar investigations of former shear margins: Roosevelt Island and ice stream C. OPP 96-15322. $109,997.

Berkman, Paul A. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. U.S.-Japan Cooperative Science: Cenozoic environmental variability in antarctic coastal areas. OPP 96-03369. $2,500. ($32,675)

Bindschadler, Robert A. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Greenbelt, Maryland. West Antarctic Glaciology­V. OPP 96-16394. $124,896.

Bindschadler, Robert A. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Greenbelt, Maryland. Workshops for the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) project. OPP 97-41130. $7,311. ($14,621)

Conway, Howard. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, Washington. Radar investigations of former shear margins: Roosevelt Island and ice stream C. OPP 96-15347. $55,000.

Denton, George H. University of Maine, Orono, Maine. The origin of a polar ice sheet in East Antarctica. OPP 95-27047. $102,115. ($187,731)

Dunbar, Nelia W. New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico. Volcanic record in antarctic ice: Implications for climatic and eruptive history and ice-sheet dynamics of the south polar region. OPP 95-27373. $80,339. ($160,814)

Dunbar, Nelia W. New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico. Volcanic records from the Siple and Taylor Dome ice cores, Antarctica. OPP 96-15167. $47,395.

Engelhardt, Hermann F. California Institution of Technology, Pasadena, California. Workshop on Subglacial Rock Drilling, 19­20 June 1997, Pasadena, California. OPP 96-15386. $15,201. ($30,201)

Fitzpatrick, Joan J. U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colorado. Digital imaging for ice-core analysis. OPP 96-15554. $59,305.

Gow, Anthony J. U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, New Hampshire. Physical and structural properties of the Siple Dome core. OPP 97-41097. $121,989.

Harrison, William D. University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska. Ice dynamics, the flow law, and vertical strain at Siple Dome. OPP 96-15502. $174,987.

Mosley-Thompson, Ellen. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. The quantitative assessment of the Mount Pinatubo signal in antarctic snow. OPP 95-26725. $56,039. ($108,462)

Raymond, Charles F. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Siple Dome glaciology and ice-stream history. OPP 93-16807. $42,067. ($150,028)

Saltzman, Eric S. University of Miami School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Miami, Florida. Antarctic ice-core records. OPP 95-26952. $110,000. ($230,000)

Sowers, Todd. Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania. Constructing paleoatmospheric records of the isotopic composition of methane and nitrous oxide. OPP 95-26556. $72,618. ($357,624)

Taylor, Kendrick C. University of Nevada, Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada. Recovery and science coordination of an ice core at Siple Dome, Antarctica. OPP 95-26421. $164,702. ($319,403)

Waddington, Edwin D. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Ice dynamics, the flow law, and vertical strain at Siple Dome. OPP 96-15417. $11,330.

Wahlen, Martin. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California. Carbon dioxide and carbon isotopes in the Taylor Dome and Vostok ice cores. OPP 96-15292. $285,000.

Whillans, Ian M. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Stress transmission at ice-stream shear margins. OPP 96-15127. $12,638.

Zielinski, Gregory A. University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire. Volcanic record in antarctic ice: Implications for climatic and eruptive history and ice-sheet dynamics of the south polar region. OPP 95-27824. $30,470. ($60,522)

Zielinski, Gregory A. University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire. Volcanic records from the Siple and Taylor Dome ice cores, Antarctica. OPP 96-14384. $52,994.

Zumberge, Mark A. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California. Ice dynamics, the flow law, and vertical strain at Siple Dome. OPP 96-15454. $90,467.


Environmental research

Kvitek, Rikk G. California State University, Seaside, California. Entry of sewage-derived organic matter from McMurdo Station, Antarctica, into the benthic food web and its biological consequences. OPP 95-27789. $235,009.

Lowenthal, Douglas H. University of Nevada, Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada. PM10 (particulate matter less than 10 microns in size) source apportionment at McMurdo Station, Antarctica. OPP 94-17829. $128,274.


Services and support

Currier, Stephen F. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Wallops Island, Virginia. Operations of the NASA-NSF McMurdo ground station. OPP 97-40539. $389,544.

Knox, Robert A. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California. Shipboard technician support. OPP 97-03794. $15,698. ($1,130,011)

Kuivinen, Karl C. University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska. Logistic and engineering support by the Polar Ice Coring Office. OPP 97-40514. $772,939. ($1,491,405)

Kuivinen, Karl C. University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska. Logistic and engineering support by the Polar Ice Coring Office. OPP 97-41959. $39,953. ($2,245,433)

Kvitek, Rikk G. California State University, Seaside, California. Entry of sewage-derived organic matter from McMurdo Station, Antarctica, into the benthic food web and its biological consequences. OPP 97-96111. $14,053.

Lewis, Michael R. Jackson and Tull Chartered, Washington, D.C. Communication and engineering support services for the U.S. Antarctic Program. OPP 97-41056. $160,000.

Morse, Robert M. University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin. The Antarctic Muon and Neutrino Detector Array­II (AMANDA-II) project. OPP 95-28559. $100,000. ($1,278,600)

Onuma, Tsuyoshi. Navy Facilities and Engineering Command, Arlington, Virginia. Engineering support for antarctic program. OPP 97-40784. $1,050,000.

Peterson, Charles H. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Diagnostic indicators of biological community: An experimental test in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. OPP 96-15849. $95,990.

Shah, Raj N. Capital Systems Group, Inc., Rockville, Maryland. Proposal processing and travel support to Office of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation. OPP 97-40896. $75,955. ($102,259)

Smith, Charles H. Department of Defense, Washington, D.C. Logistic support of the U.S. program in Antarctica. OPP 97-40007. $20,000,000.

Smith, Charles H. Department of Defense, Washington, D.C. Logistic support of the U.S. program in Antarctica. OPP 97-40476. $22,700,000.