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Biology and medicine

Marine and terrestrial geology and geophysics

Ocean and climate studies

Aeronomy and astrophysics

Glaciology

Environmental research

Services and support

Foundation awards of funds for antarctic projects, 1 June through 30 September 1997

Award numbers for all awards initiated by the Office of Polar Programs (OPP) contain the prefix "OPP." However, funding of awards is sometimes shared by two or more antarctic science or support programs within OPP or between OPP antarctic and arctic science or support programs. For these awards, a listing is included under the heading for each OPP program that funded the project. The first amount represents the funds provided by that individual program, and the second amount, in parentheses, is the total award amount. All of these contain the OPP prefix. Additionally, investigators may receive funds for antarctic research from other divisions or offices of the National Science Foundation, as well as from OPP. When awards are initiated by another NSF division, the three-letter prefix for that program is included in the award number. EAR denotes Division of Earth Science, Directorate of Geosciences. OCE denotes Division of Ocean Sciences, Directorate of Geosciences. As with awards split between OPP programs, antarctic program funds are listed first, and the total amount is listed in parentheses.

To read the full award abstract, use the "Search database" funded search feature, and search on the award number.

 

Biology and medicine

Abbott, Mark R. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. Mesoscale processes and primary productivity at the polar front. OPP 95-30507. $120,000. ($240,000)

Ainley, David G. H.T. Harvey and Associates, Alviso, California. Factors regulating population size and colony distribution of Adélie penguins in the Ross Sea. OPP 97-43376. $25,600.

Barry, James P. Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, California. Research on Ocean-Atmosphere Variability and Ecosystem Responses in the Ross Sea (ROAVERRS). OPP 94-20680. $63,364.

Bender, Michael L. University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island. Oxygen dynamics during the JGOFS (Joint Global Ocean Flux Study) southern oceans process study. OPP 95-30746. $62,367. ($124,733)

Bender, Michael L. University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island. Oxygen dynamics during the JGOFS (Joint Global Ocean Flux Study) southern oceans process study. OPP 97-43674. $74,254.

Boster, James S. University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut. Social structure, agreement, and conflict in groups in extreme and isolated environments: A cross-cultural comparison. OPP 96-10232. $14,383. ($29,383)

Caron, David A. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Seasonal contribution of nano- and microzooplankton to antarctic food web structure in the Ross Sea. OPP 96-33703. $71,882. ($143,764)

Caron, David A. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Life in Extreme Environments (LExEN): Protistan biodiversity in antarctic marine ecosystems: Molecular biological and traditional approaches. OPP 97-14299. $27,500. ($350,000)

Colwell, Rita R. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C. Colloquium on Climate Variability and Human Health: An Interdisciplinary Vision, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, June 1997. OPP 97-10332. $5,000. ($15,000)

Cowles, Timothy J. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. Southern oceans Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS): Mesoscale physical and biological processes at the polar front. OPP 95-30758. $175,000. ($350,000)

DiTullio, Giacomo R. University of Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina. Bloom dynamics and food web structure in the Ross Sea: Phytoplankton growth and sulfur cycling. OPP 97-43247. $14,996.

Domack, Eugene W. Hamilton College, Clinton, New York. Holocene paleoenvironmental change along the Antarctic Peninsula: A test of the solar/bipolar signal. OPP 96-15053. $16,613. ($74,503)

Ducklow, Hugh W. The College of William and Mary, Virginia Institute of Marine Sciences, Gloucester Point, Virginia. Bacterial production uncoupled from primary production: Implications for dissolved organic matter fluxes in the southern oceans. OPP 95-30734. $15,416. ($123,832)

Fauchald, Kristian. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Biological collections from polar regions. OPP 97-42939. $145,458. ($245,458)

Fritsen, Christian H. Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana. Life in Extreme Environments (LExEN): Microbial life within the extreme environment posed by permanent antarctic lake ice. OPP 97-14339. $78,179. ($488,758)

Gaffney, Patrick M. University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware. Population structure of key antarctic fish and invertebrate resource species. OPP 97-14439. $18,715.

Huntley, Mark E. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California. U.S. JGOFS (Joint Global Ocean Flux Study) southern oceans process study: Zooplankton processes. OPP 96-34052. $46,875. ($200,069)

Jeffrey, Wade H. University of West Florida, Pensacola, Florida. Ultraviolet radiation-induced DNA damage in bacterioplankton in the southern oceans. OPP 94-19037. $135,834.

Karl, David M. University of Hawaii-Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii. Cross-site study: Microbial loop dynamics and regulation of bacterial physiology in subtropical and polar marine habitats. OPP 97-42985. $1,680. ($8,530)

Kirchman, David L. University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware. Bacterial production uncoupled from primary production: Implications for dissolved organic matter fluxes in the southern oceans (Joint Global Ocean Flux Study). OPP 95-31977. $44,192. ($88,385)

Lonsdale, Darcy J. State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York. Seasonal contribution of nano- and microzooplankton to antarctic food web structure in the Ross Sea. OPP 96-34241. $9,209. ($18,418)

Marinelli, Roberta L. Skidaway Institute of Oceanography, Savannah, Georgia. Intergovernmental Personnel Act mobility assignment. OPP 97-29403. $108,604.

Neale, Patrick J. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. New approaches to measuring and understanding the effects of ultraviolet radiation on photosynthesis by antarctic phytoplankton. OPP 96-15342. $103,509.

Priscu, John C. Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana. Antarctic lake-ice microbial consortia: Origin, distribution, and growth physiology. OPP 94-19413. $173,133.

Rapley, Chris G. International Geosphere, Stockholm, Sweden. U.S. support for central scientific co-ordination and integration activities of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme. OPP 96-19897. $34,129. ($675,000)

Smith, Raymond C. University of California, Santa Barbara, California. Long-term ecological research on the antarctic marine ecosystem: An ice-dominated environment. OPP 97-43377. $10,000.

Stoecker, Diane K. University of Maryland Center for Estuarine Studies, Cambridge, Maryland. Ecology and physiology of sea-ice brine microalgae. OPP 97-42294. $6,906.

Taylor, Gordon T. State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York. Life in Extreme Environments (LExEN): Biology and ecology of South Pole snow microbes. OPP 97-13990. $50,000. ($150,000)

Trivelpiece, Wayne Z. Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana. Penguin-krill-ice interactions: The impact of environmental variability on penguin demography. OPP 96-15673. $139,882.

Wharton, Robert A. University of Nevada Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada. McMurdo Dry Valleys: A cold desert ecosystem. OPP 92-11773. $604,383.

Wharton, Robert A. University of Nevada Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada. McMurdo Dry Valleys: A cold desert ecosystem. OPP 97-43053. $2,029. ($7,356)
 

Marine and terrestrial geology and geophysics

Anderson, John B. Rice University, Houston, Texas. Mechanism and timing of west antarctic ice-sheet retreat at the end of the last glacial maximum. OPP 97-42597. $3,000. ($163,990)

Aronson, Richard B. Marine Environmental Science Consortium, Dauphin Island Sea Lab, Dauphin Island, Alabama. Paleoecological setting of Eocene echinoderms at Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula. OPP 97-42069. $11,092.

Banerjee, Subir K. University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Holocene paleoenvironmental change along the Antarctic Peninsula: A test of the bipolar/solar signal. OPP 96-15695. $50,894.

Bartek, Louis R. University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Glacial marine stratigraphy in the eastern Ross Sea and western Marie Byrd Land, and shallow structure of the west antarctic rift. OPP 97-42289. $19,368.

Bell, Robin E. Columbia University, New York, New York. TAMARA: Transantarctic Mountains Aerogeophysical Research Activities. OPP 96-15773. $15,000.

Bell, Robin E. Columbia University, New York, New York. Contrasting architecture and dynamics of the Transantarctic Mountains. OPP 96-15704. $138,650.

Bevis, Michael G. University of Hawaii-Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii. Scotia Arc Global Positioning System Project (SCARP). OPP 95-30383. $55,460.

Blankenship, Donald D. University of Texas, Austin, Texas. Lithospheric controls on the behavior of the west antarctic ice sheet: Aerogeophysics of the eastern Ross Sea transect zone. OPP 93-19369. $2,759. ($172,759)

Blankenship, Donald D. University of Texas, Austin, Texas. Contrasting architecture and dynamics of the Transantarctic Mountains. OPP 96-15832. $51,350.

Blankenship, Donald D. University of Texas, Austin, Texas. Support Office for Aerogeophysical Research (SOAR). OPP 97-43077. $302,058. ($987,058)

Domack, Eugene W. Hamilton College, Clinton, New York. Holocene paleoenvironmental change along the Antarctic Peninsula: A test of the bipolar/solar signal. OPP 96-15053. $57,890. ($74,503)

Domack, Eugene W. Hamilton College, Clinton, New York. Undergraduate research initiative: Antarctic marine geology and geophysics. OPP 97-42783. $10,150.

Dunbar, Robert B. Rice University, Houston, Texas. Holocene paleoenvironmental change along the Antarctic Peninsula: A test of the bipolar/solar signal. OPP 96-15668. $41,951.

Finn, Carol. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia. Lithospheric controls on the behavior of the west antarctic ice sheet: Corridor Aerogeophysics of the Eastern Ross Transect Zone (CASERTZ/WAIS). OPP 97-43387. $49,607.

Finn, Carol. U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colorado. TAMARA: Transantarctic Mountains Aerogeophysical Research Activities. OPP 96-18568. $19,000.

Fulker, David W. University Center for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), Boulder, Colorado. Unidata: 1993 to 1998. OPP 97-43420. $1,076. ($201,017)

Harvey, Ralph P. Case Western Reserve, Cleveland, Ohio. Antarctic search for meteorites. OPP 96-15276. $79,239.

Ishman, Scott. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia. Holocene paleoenvironmental change along the Antarctic Peninsula: A test of the bipolar/solar signal. OPP 96-15669. $12,000.

Jarrard, Richard D. University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. Downhole logging for the Cape Roberts Project. OPP 94-18429. $32,257.

Kamb, Barclay. California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California. Global positioning system measurements of crustal motion in Antarctica. OPP 95-27606. $101,680.

Krissek, Lawrence A. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Initial sedimentological characterization of the Late Cretaceous-Early Cenozoic drill cores from Cape Roberts, Antarctica. OPP 95-27008. $23,664.

Koger, Ronald G. Antarctic Support Associates, Englewood, Colorado. Logistics support of operations/research activities related to the U.S. program in Antarctica. OPP 97-43976. $27,000. ($27,438,427)

Kyle, Philip R. New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico. The Cape Roberts Project: Volcanic record, geochemistry and argon-40/argon-39 chronology. OPP 95-27329. $3,279.

Leventer, Amy. Colgate University, Hamilton, New York. Holocene paleoenvironmental change along the Antarctic Peninsula: A test of the bipolar/solar signal. OPP 97-14371. $33,740.

Leventer, Amy. Colgate University, Hamilton, New York. Late quaternary history of the western and east-central Ross Sea, Antarctica: A contribution to the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) initiative. OPP 96-15046. $26,100.

Luyendyk, Bruce P. University of California, Santa Barbara, California. Air-ground study of tectonics at the boundary between the eastern Ross embayment and western Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica: Basement geology and structure. OPP 96-15281. $10,301.

Manley, Patricia L. Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont. Holocene climate change in Antarctica: Test of the bipolar/solar hypothesis. OPP 96-15670. $33,791.

Marchant, David R. Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts. Tephrochronology applied to Late Cenozoic paleoclimate and geomorphic evolution of the central Transantarctic Mountains. OPP 96-14027. $48,511.

Pittenger, Richard F. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Ship operations 1997. OCE 97-43151. $24,000. ($91,950)

Pospichal, James J. Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida. Calcareous nanofossil biostratigraphy and paleoenvironmental history of the Cape Roberts Project cores. OPP 94-22893. $1,138.

Powell, Ross D. Northern Illinois University, De Kalb, Illinois. Initial sedimentological characterization of the Late Cretaceous-Early Cenozoic drill cores from Cape Roberts, Antarctica. OPP 95-27481. $19,500.

Sears, Derek W. University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas. In situ oxygen isotope measurements in chondrules from meteorites. OPP 97-22882. $3,000. ($9,000)

Shen, Yang. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Models of the three-dimensional stratigraphy of glaciated continental shelves. OPP 95-26930. $40,000.

Siddoway, Christine S. Colorado College, Colorado Springs, Colorado. Air-ground study of tectonics at the boundary between the eastern Ross embayment and western Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica: Basement geology and structure. OPP 96-15282. $4,825.

Simpson, David W. Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS), Washington, D.C. IRIS 2000: A science facility for studying the dynamics of the solid Earth. EAR 97-43629. $12,000. ($11,531,800)

Smalley, Robert. University of Memphis, Memphis, Tennessee. Scotia Arc Global Positioning System Project (SCARP). OPP 95-27529. $39,090.

Stock, Joann M. California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California. Early Tertiary tectonic evolution of the Pacific-Australia-Antarctic Plate circuit. OPP 94-16779. $38,122.

Taylor, Edith L. University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas. Support for paleobotanical collection at the University of Kansas Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Center. OPP 97-12340. $60,000. ($179,944)

Verosub, Kenneth L. University of California, Davis, California. Paleomagnetic and mineral magnetic characterization of drill cores from the Cape Roberts Project. OPP 95-26889. $21,800.

Wannamaker, Philip E. University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. Thermal and fluid state of the lithosphere beneath South Pole region, East Antarctica, from magnetotelluric measurements. OPP 96-15254. $156,627.

Webb, Peter-Noel. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Antarctic stratigraphic drilling: Cape Roberts Project. OPP 93-17979. $36,585.

Webb, Peter-Noel. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Cretaceous-Paleogene foraminifera of the Victoria Land Basin (Cape Roberts Project). OPP 94-20475. $4,310.

Whillans, Ian M. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Global positioning system measurements of rock and ice motions in southern Victoria Land. OPP 95-27571. $48,801.

Wilson, Gary S. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Paleomagnetic and mineral magnetic characterization of drill-cores from the Cape Roberts Project (Ohio State University component). OPP 95-27343. $26,014.

Wilson, Terry J. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. TAMARA: Transantarctic Mountains Aerogeophysical Research Activities. OPP 96-15639. $36,465.

Wilson, Terry J. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Stress field history, Cape Roberts, Antarctica. OPP 95-27394. $14,778.

Witmer, Richard E. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia. Antarctic surveying and mapping program. OPP 97-43175. $226,076. ($326,076)
 
 

Ocean and climate studies

Bacon, Michael P. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Seasonal and spatial variations in the flux of particulate organic carbon derived from thorium-234 in the U.S. JGOFS (Joint Global Ocean Flux Study) southern oceans process study. OPP 95-30861. $277,332.

Bacon, Michael P. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Thorium isotopes as indicators of export flux and particle dynamics in the southern oceans: Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS). OPP 95-30720. $132,478.

Bromwich, David H. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Research on Ocean-Atmosphere Variability and Ecosystem Response in the Ross Sea (ROAVERRS). OPP 94-20681. $73,712.

Cochran, J. Kirk. State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York. Thorium isotopes as indicators of export flux and particle dynamics in the southern oceans: Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS). OPP 96-12761. $103,146.

Dunbar, Robert B. Rice University, Houston, Texas. Research on Ocean-Atmosphere Variability and Ecosystem Response in the Ross Sea (ROAVERRS). OPP 94-19605. $71,809.

Foster, Theodore D. University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware. Deep water formation off the eastern Wilkes Land coast of Antarctica. OPP 97-43535. $18,699.

Hall, Michael J. National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration, Washington, D.C. Support for Argos data collection and location system. OPP 97-42310. $36,739. ($455,482)

Honjo, Susumu. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Latitudinal variations of particle fluxes in the southern oceans: A bottom-tethered sediment-trap array experiment. OPP 95-30300. $149,229.

Koger, Ronald G. Antarctic Support Associates, Englewood, Colorado. Logistics support of operations/research activities related to the U.S. program in Antarctica. OPP 97-43976. $460,293. ($27,438,427)

Leventer, Amy. Colgate University, Hamilton, New York. Research on Ocean-Atmosphere Variability and Ecosystem Response in the Ross Sea (ROAVERRS). OPP 94-20682. $66,662.

Martinson, Douglas G. Columbia University, New York, New York. ANZFLUX (Antarctic Zone Flux Experiment) modeling and analysis. OPP 96-15279. $149,000.

Martinson, Douglas G. Columbia University, New York, New York. Deep Ocean Ventilation Through Antarctic Intermediate Layers (DOVETAIL). OPP 97-42673. $11,728. ($23,728)

Millero, Frank J. University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida. The carbon dioxide system in the southern oceans. OPP 95-30384. $145,561.

Morison, James H. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. ANZFLUX (Antarctic Zone Flux Experiment) buoy analysis. OPP 96-15154. $105,000.

Muench, Robin D. Earth and Space Research, Seattle, Washington. Deep Ocean Ventilation Through Antarctic Intermediate Layers (DOVETAIL). OPP 95-27667. $85,095.

Padman, Laurence. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. Heat, salt, and momentum fluxes through the pycnocline in the eastern Weddell Sea. OPP 96-15524. $0. ($65,227)

Roesler, Collin. University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut. Solar radiation processes in the east antarctic sea-ice zone. OPP 95-27244. $69,066.

Shen, Hayley H. Clarkson University, Potsdam, New York. Wave and pancake-ice interactions. OPP 97-42793. $10,000.

Stearns, Charles R. University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin. Continuation for the antarctic automatic weather station climate program, 1995-1998. OPP 94-19128. $266,982. ($466,982)

Warren, Stephen G. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Solar radiation processes in the east antarctic sea-ice zone. OPP 95-27245. $63,893.

 
 
 

Aeronomy and astrophysics

Besson, David Z. University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas. RICE--Radio-Ice Cherenkov Experiment. OPP 96-17412. $20,000.

de Zafra, Robert L. State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York. Measurement of stratospheric chlorine monoxide and other trace gases over McMurdo Station in the austral spring. OPP 96-16404. $14,838. ($54,838)

de Zafra, Robert L. State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York. Trace gas measurements over the South Pole using millimeter-wave spectroscopy. OPP 97-05667. $1,026. ($21,026)

Gregory, John C. University of Alabama, Huntsville, Alabama. Antarctic long-duration balloon flight experiments for the Japanese-American cosmic-ray emulsion-chamber experiment (JACEE) collaboration. OPP 96-17446. $20,000.

Hall, Michael J. National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration, Washington, D.C. Support for Argos data collection and location system. OPP 97-42310. $1,934. ($455,482)

Hernandez, Gonzalo J. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. High-latitude antarctic neutral mesospheric and thermospheric dynamics and thermodynamics. OPP 96-15157. $60,000. ($100,314)

Inan, Umran S. Stanford University, Stanford, California. Global thunderstorm activity and its effects on the radiation belts and the lower ionosphere. OPP 97-42739. $5,000.

Mende, Stephen B. University of California, Berkeley, California. Antarctic auroral imaging. OPP 96-16809. $35,000.

Meyer, Stephan S. University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. Precision mapping of the cosmic microwave background radiation. OPP 96-19374. $255,000.

Papen, George C. University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois. Rayleigh and sodium lidar studies of the troposphere, stratosphere, and mesosphere at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station. OPP 96-16664. $130,000.

Papen, George C. University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois. Rayleigh and sodium lidar studies of the troposphere, stratosphere, and mesosphere at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station. OPP 97-43289. $1. ($2,500)

Papitashvili, Vladimir O. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. A study of very-high-latitude geomagnetic phenomena. OPP 96-14175. $64,750.

Piccirillo, Lucio. Bartol Research Institute, Newark, Delaware. Cosmology from Dome C in Antarctica. OPP 96-16338. $8,000.

Rust, David M. Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland. An optical investigation of the genesis of solar activity. OPP 96-15073. $40,000. ($140,000)

Sivjee, Gulamabas G. Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, Florida. Spectroscopic and interferometric studies of middle atmosphere dynamics and particle precipitation patterns over the South Pole. OPP 96-14158. $50,402.

Wefel, John P. Louisiana State University and A&M College, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Antarctic long-duration balloon flights for the Japanese-American cosmic-ray emulsion-chamber experiment (JACEE) collaboration. OPP 96-14912. $20,000.

 
 
 

Glaciology

Albert, Mary R. U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, New Hampshire. Near-surface processes affecting gas exchange: West antarctic ice sheet. OPP 97-43174. $53,817. ($68,907)

Baker, Ian. Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire. Flow and fracture of ice. OPP 97-43548. $8,500.

Bender, Michael L. Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey. Climate studies using antarctic deep ice cores and firn air samples. OPP 95-26740. $72,189.

Biscaye, Pierre E. Columbia University, New York, New York. Origins of atmospheric dust in WAISCORES (west antarctic ice sheet cores) ice. OPP 96-15239. $85,000.

Blankenship, Donald D. University of Texas, Austin, Texas. Lithospheric controls on the behavior of the west antarctic ice sheet: Aerogeophysics of the eastern Ross Sea transect zone. OPP 93-19369. $170,000. ($172,759)

Brook, Edward J. Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. Studies of trapped gases in firn and ice from antarctic deep ice cores. OPP 97-14687. $67,825.

Fitzpatrick, Joan J. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia. Operation and maintenance of the U.S. National Ice Core Laboratory. OPP 97-41889. $94,462. ($184,462)

Friedmann, E. Imre. Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida. Antarctic permafrost, Cenozoic paleoenvironment, and ground-ice stability. OPP 96-14969. $64,998.

Kamb, Barclay. California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California. Basal conditions of ice stream D and related borehole studies of antarctic ice-stream mechanics. OPP 96-15420. $217,734. ($417,734)

Mahaffy, Mary-Anne W. Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania. Sensitivity study of processes pertaining to the ice dynamics of the west antarctic ice sheet using a three-dimensional, time-dependent, whole-ice-sheet model. OPP 94-18622. $54,358.

Mayewski, Paul A. University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire. Siple Dome deep ice-core glaciochemistry and regional survey--A contribution to the WAIS (West Antarctic Ice Sheet) initiative. OPP 97-43552. $5,000.

Thonnard, Norbert. University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee. Development of laser-based resonance ionization spectroscopy techniques for krypton-81 and krypton-85 measurements in the geosciences. EAR 94-10695. $10,000. ($18,708)

Wilson, Gary S. Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Antarctic permafrost, Cenozoic paleoenvironment, and ground-ice stability. OPP 96-15209. $40,000.
 
 

Environmental research

Anderson, Donald M. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Characterization of indigenous and introduced toxic phytoplankton in Antarctica. OPP 96-15831. $50,000.

Detrich, H. William. Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts. Impacts of increased solar ultraviolet-B on antarctic marine heterotrophs. OPP 96-14892. $50,000. ($75,535)

Fraser, William R. Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana. Changes in Adélie penguin populations at Palmer Station: The effects of human disturbance and long-term environmental change. OPP 95-05596. $121,068.

 
 
 

Services and support

Besson, David Z. University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas. Acquisition of testing and measurement equipment at the University of Kansas in conjunction with the Radio-Ice Cherenkov Experiment (RICE) neutrino astrophysics experiment at the South Pole. OPP 97-24599. $32,706. ($231,905)

Blankenship, Donald D. University of Texas, Austin, Texas. Support Office for Aerogeophysical Research (SOAR). OPP 97-43077. $300,000. ($987,058)

Blankenship, Donald D. University of Texas, Austin, Texas. Support Office for Aerogeophysical Research (SOAR). OPP 97-43077. $385,000. ($987,058)

Brown, Otis B. University of Miami, Miami, Florida. Satellite communications for scientific purposes: University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System (UNOLS) fleet management and polar program support. OCE 97-43512. $202,447.

Cheney, Michael E. Department of Defense, Washington, D.C. Department of Defense support to antarctic mission. OPP 97-14917. $2,000,000.

Cheney, Michael E. Department of Defense, Washington, D.C. Department of Defense support to antarctic mission. OPP 97-43739. $1,165,000.

Crabtree, Lucinda. Crabtree & Company, Arlington, Virginia. Science and engineering outreach. OPP 97-43892. $9,920. ($20,000)

Detrich, H. William. Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts. Impacts of increased solar ultraviolet-B on antarctic marine heterotrophs. OPP 96-14892. $25,535. ($75,535)

Fauchald, Kristian. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Biological collections from polar regions. OPP 97-42939. $100,000. ($245,458)

Fulker, David W. University Center for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), Boulder, Colorado. Unidata: 1993 to 1998. OPP 97-43420. $5,760. ($201,017)

Givan, May Beth. Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C. Industrial and environmental hygiene services. OPP 97-43728. $50,000.

Hall, Michael J. National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration, Washington, D.C. Support for Argos data collection and location system. OPP 97-42310. $42,984. ($455,482)

Hibben, Stuart G. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. Abstracting and indexing service for Current Antarctic Literature. OPP 97-43741. $205,140.

Kamb, Barclay. California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California. Basal conditions of ice stream D and related borehole studies of antarctic ice-stream mechanics. OPP 96-15420. $200,000. ($417,734)

Koger, Ronald G. Antarctic Support Associates, Englewood, Colorado. Logistics support of operations/research activities related to the U.S. program in Antarctica. OPP 97-43976. $15,245,187. ($27,438,427)

Koger, Ronald G. Antarctic Support Associates, Englewood, Colorado. Logistics support of operations/research activities related to the U.S. program in Antarctica. OPP 97-41895. $20,007,000. ($24,176,624)

Kuivinen, Karl C. University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska. Logistic and engineering support by the Polar Ice Coring Office. OPP 97-42483. $750,000. ($775,000)

Nelson, Marilyn. Blue Pencil Group, Inc., Reston, Virginia. Editorial services for the Antarctic Journal of the United States. OPP 97-43115. $48,117.

Onuma, Tsuyoshi. Navy Facilities and Engineering Command, Arlington, Virginia. Engineering support for antarctic program. OPP 97-42260. $100,000.

Onuma, Tsuyoshi. Navy Facilities and Engineering Command, Arlington, Virginia. Engineering support for antarctic program. OPP 97-43477. $15,000. ($1,406,000)

Owens, Barbara E. Department of the Air Force, Brooks Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas. Environmental monitoring program for McMurdo Station, Antarctica. OPP 97-27154. $195,000.

Rounds, Fred. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C. Internet telecommunications support for the U.S. Antarctic Program. OPP 97-43732. $25,000.

Rummel, John D. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C. National Science Foundation/National Aeronautics and Space Administration technology demonstration. OPP 97-43822. $200,000.

Scharfen, Gregory R. University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado. U.S. Antarctic Data Coordination Center at World Data Center-A/ National Snow and Ice Data Center. OPP 96-29768. $60,310.

Shah, Raj N. Capital Systems Group, Inc., Rockville, Maryland. Proposal processing and travel support to Office of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation. OPP 97-41176. $4,669.

Shah, Raj N. Capital Systems Group, Inc., Rockville, Maryland. Proposal processing and travel support to Office of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation. OPP 97-43924. $56,875.

Smith, Charles H. Department of Defense, Washington, D.C. Logistic support of the U.S. program in Antarctica. OPP 97-42081. $13,000,000. ($13,060,367)

Smith, Charles H. Department of Defense, Washington, D.C. Logistic support of the U.S. program in Antarctica. OPP 97-43691. $4,579,674.

Smith, Steven. International Center for Antarctic Information, Christchurch, New Zealand. Preparation of management plans for antarctic Specially Managed Areas. OPP 97-43248. $18,000.

Stearns, Charles R. University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin. Continuation for the antarctic automatic weather station climate program 1995-1998. OPP 94-19128. $200,000. ($466,982)

Walker, Alan. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. Icebreaker support in the U.S. Antarctic Program. OPP 97-42960. $1,853,433.

Witmer, Richard E. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia. Antarctic surveying and mapping program. OPP 97-43175. $100,000. ($326,076)