several other organizations conducted or supported tourism activities in
the Antarctic during the 1999-2000 season. Although some of these
organizations are not U.S. based, some American citizens were involved in
their planned activities and for this reason are reported here.
- Hapag-Lloyd Cruises of Hamburg,
Germany, operated two vessels in the Antarctic Peninsula.
The HANSEATIC and the BREMEN conducted 7 cruises each.
- Marine Expeditions of Toronto,
Canada, conducted approximately 29 cruises to the Antarctic
Peninsula using the AKADEMIK IOFFE, the ORLOVA and the AKADEMIK
Adventure Network International (ANI),
a Canadian company with an office in Beaconsfield, England,
conducted several 11-17-day excursions to the interior of the
Antarctic continent. Travel from Punta Arenas, Chile, to
Adventure Network's Patriot Hills base camp (80°20'S, 81°20'W)
was via a South African chartered C-130 cargo/passenger
aircraft. These various inland excursions occurred during
November 1999 - mid-January 2000 using two chartered Twin Otters
and their own Cessna C-A185F aircraft.