Annual augmentation of
the U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP) begins with austral winter flights (WINFLY),
departing Christchurch, New Zealand, and arriving McMurdo Station,
Antarctica, about 20 August 1999. The
aircraft will carry scientists and support personnel to start early
pre-summer projects, to augment maintenance personnel, and to prepare
skiways and ice runways at McMurdo Station.
This will involve 4 U.S. Air Force C-141B flights and will increase
station population from the winter-over level of about 154 to a transition
level of about 373.
Austral summer activities will be initiated
in late September 1999 with wheeled aircraft operations between
Christchurch, New Zealand and the sea-ice runways at McMurdo Station,
Antarctica. This will involve
approximately 23 C-141B flights and 2 C-5 flights of transport aircraft of
the U.S. Air Force Air Mobility Command (AMC), and 12 flights by C-130
transport aircraft of the Royal New Zealand Air Force. The sea-ice runway and wheeled
aircraft operations will cease about early December 1999, and then resume
about mid January to the end of the season with 10 C-141B and 3 C-130
flights. Between these two
periods of wheeled aircraft operations, flights will be conducted by
LC-130 ski-equipped aircraft flown by the New York Air National Guard
109th Airlift Wing. The
aircraft will operate from Williamsí Field , a prepared skiway.
The 109th Airlift Wing of the Air National
Guard in Schenectady, New York will provide four LC-130 aircraft and five
crews for intra-continental flights from late October 1999 through early
January, and add a fifth aircraft and sixth crew from early January
through February when McMurdo Station closes.
Other significant dates
for the summer season include:
28 September 1999 -
McMurdo Station "Mainbody" begins
20 September 1999 -
Palmer Station opens
03 October 1998
Marble Point opens
25 October 1999
South Pole Station opens
26 October 1999
Siple Dome Camp opens
02 October 1999
Byrd Camp opens
08 November 1999 -
Mid-C Camp opens
13 October 1999
Pieter J. Lenie Field Station ("Copacabana")opens
29 October 1999
Cape Shirreff Field Station opens
M/V GREEN WAVE
The cargo ship, M/V GREEN WAVE, is
scheduled to complete one trip to McMurdo this season. The ship will depart Port Hueneme,
California, in early January 2000 after onloading cargo and transit
directly to Port Lyttelton, New Zealand.
The Green Wave will again onload additional cargo and depart New
Zealand for McMurdo Station, Antarctica.
Cargo will be off-loaded between 03-10 February, after which the
ship will depart McMurdo and proceed to Lyttelton, New Zealand to offload
cargo destined for the States. It
will depart on approximately 17 February for Washington State to off-load
waste and recyclable materials from McMurdo Station. From there it will transit to Port
Hueneme, California, arriving there on 12 March 2000.
R/V NATHANIEL B. PALMER
The R/V NATHANIEL B. PALMER will conduct 13 scientific
research cruises, totaling an estimated 243 days at sea, during the
1999-2000 season. The vessel
will provide support throughout the season for biological, chemical,
physical oceanographic, and marine geophysics investigations in the
Weddell, Bellingshausen, and the Ross Seas.
Ports of call include Punta Arenas and Talcahanao, CHILE, Lyttelton,
New Zealand, and McMurdo Station, Antarctica.
R/V LAURENCE M. GOULD
The R/V LAURENCE M. GOULD will
conduct 12 scientific research cruises, totaling an estimated 310 days at
sea, during the 1999-2000 season. The
research supported will include at sea research, station work at Elephant,
King George, Livingston, Deception, Low, Smith, and Greenwich Islands, and
station support at Palmer Station.