Refuges-1999-00 Plans
   

Section XI Provides information on existing refuges and survival caches in the McMurdo area as well as deactivated camps and stations elsewhere on the continent.
 


 
McMurdo Area Antarctic Refuges and Survival Caches

Following are the existing refuges consisting of huts or caches that may be used in emergency survival situations.  These survival huts and survival caches are located within a 65 nautical mile radius of McMurdo Station and are inspected annually.  Information provided includes position and description of location and accommodation, food, fuel, and supplies of other kinds.  "Full provisions" indicates sleeping, eating, and cooking utensils.

Mt. Erebus Hut and Cache

Position:

7730'S; 16710'E

Hut:

Partial provisions for 3 (no sleeping bags), oxygen, radio during summer.

Cache:

Full provisions for 6.  Located 50 meters from hut.

Cape Crozier Hut and Cache

Position:

7730'S, 16940'E

Hut:

Wood structure with some provisions. No radio.

Cache:

Full provisions for 6 located north of the hut.

 

Lake Bonney Hut and Cache

Position:

7742'S, 16227'E

Hut:

Jamesway structure with provisions.  No radio

Cache:

Located on southeastern shore of Lake Bonney, approximately 30m from lake.

Lake Vida Cache

Position:

7720'S, 16200'E

Hut:

Full provisions for 6, 30 man/days food.  No radio.

Cache:

Located approximately 183m from lake on southwestern shore.

Lake Hoare Hut

Position:

7638'S, 16257'E

Hut:

Wood structure with provisions. No radio.

Lake Fryxell Hut

Position:

7736'S, 16307'E

Hut:

Jamesway structure with provisions. No radio.

New Harbor Hut

Position:

7734'S, 16331'E

Hut:

Jamesway structure with provisions. No radio.



McMurdo Supported Remote Locations

Siple Dome Camp

Position:

8139'S, 14904'E

Camp winterized for the season. 4 Jamesway structures remain standing, food, fuel, survival cache and heavy equipment staged on site for use during the 1997-98 field season. 

Byrd Surface Camp

Position:

8001'S, 11932'E

Survival cache and Jamesway, minimal food and fuel winterized for the season.  All wooden structures, heavy equipment and materials removed from the camp.


Deactivated USAP Stations and Camps

Data on unoccupied United States facilities in Antarctica is listed here although such facilities are not considered usable as refuges.  Some are so deeply buried in snow as to make them inaccessible, while others are difficult to locate.  Information provided:  (1) position and description of location; (2) dates established and deactivated or last visited; and (3) estimate of available accommodation, food, fuel, and supplies of other kinds.

Byrd Aurora Substation

Position: 7926'S, 1884'W, approximately 64km from present Byrd Station.
Dates of Operation: March 1963 ‑ October 1963
Description: Prefabricated shelter, 16 man/months food and supplies, and 9,464 liters of diesel fuel

Camp Neptune

Position:

8331'S, 5715'W, Neptune Range of Pensacola Mountains

Dates of Operation:

November 1963 ‑ January 1966

Description:

4.9m x 7.3m Jamesway building, 32 drums fuel, 4‑6 man/months food, 113 kg. explosives

Patuxent Camp

Position:

8454'S, 63W, Patuxent Range of Pensacola Mountains

Dates of Operation:

November 1962 ‑ December 1965

Description:

4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 4 drums fuel, 458 man/days food plus cooking utensils

Prebble Glacier Camp

Position:

8415'S, 16410'E, at mouth of Prebble Glacier, Queen Alexandra Range

Dates of Operation:

November 1966 ‑ February 1967

Description:

4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 4 drums fuel, 1 man/month food supplies

Camp Gould

Position:

7857'S, 8545'W, East Heritage Range

Dates of Operation:

November 1962 ‑ February 1967

Description:

4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 48 drums fuel, 8‑10 man/months food

Amundsen Glacier Camp

Position:

8618'S, 16055'W, adjacent to Amundsen Glacier on the Faulkner Escarpment

Dates of Operation:

November 1963 ‑ January 1964

Description:

4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 4 fuel drums, 400 man/days food, cooking utensils

Byrd Coast Camp

Position:

7655'S, 144W, in Edsel Ford Range at Mount Farley

Dates of Operation:

October 1966 ‑ January 1967

Description:

4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 2 man/months food and fuel

Camp Ohio

Position:

8452'S, 11420'W, Ohio Range, Horlick Mountains

Dates of Operation:

November 1961 ‑ January 1967

Description:

4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 7 drums fuel, cooking utensils, 2 man/weeks food supplies

Camp Minnesota

Position:

7330'S, 9430'W, in northwestern side of Jones Mountain

Dates of Operation:

November 1961 ‑ January 1965

Description:

4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, unknown quantity of food and fuel

Little Rockford

Position:

7930'S, 14719'W, (relocated in 1959 from 7935'S, 15646'W)

Dates of Operation:

December 1958 ‑ February 1965

Description:

3 Wannigans, 1 improvised shelter, food and fuel unknown

Plateau Station

Position:

7915'S, 4030'E

Dates of Operation:

December 1965 ‑ January 1969

Description:

Main building 21m x 7.6m van; emergency station separated from main building consists of 9m x 2.4m van attached to a 4.8m x 8m Jamesway; 3‑4.8m x 8.5m' and 1‑4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway huts with limited supply of DFA and mogas available; however, access may be difficult owing to snow cover; 100 man/months of food plus cooking utensils.

Camp Ohio II

Position:

86S, 127W, near crashed R4D aircraft

Dates of Operation:

November 1962 ‑ January 1965

Description:

4.8m x 7.3m Jamesway, 4 drums fuel, 2 man/months food plus cooking utensils

Roosevelt Island Hut

Position:

8011'S, 16139'W

Dates of Operation:

1969

Description:

Provisions for 25.  No radio

Hallett Station

Position:

7219'S, 17013'E

Dates of Operation:

January 1957 ‑ February 1973

Description:

4 buildings

Brockton Station

Position:

8001'S, 17802'W

Dates of Operation:

October 1965 ‑ February 1972

Description:

4 buildings, 14 drums fuel, and 4,164 liters bulk fuel

Marie Byrd Land Camp

Position:

7545'S, 135W

Dates of Operation:

October ‑ December 1977

Description:

5 Jamesway huts, bulk DFA, food

Ellsworth Mountains Camp

Position:

7907'S, 8539'W

Dates of Operation:

November 1979 ‑ January 1980

Description:

1 Jamesway hut

McGregor Glacier Hut

Position:

8508'S, 17450'E

Dates of Operation:

1982‑83 season

Description:

Camp buried under snow.  No radio

Dome C Camp

Position:

7439'S, 12410'E

Dates of Operation:

Camp active summer seasons through 1981/82.  Last visited Jan. 1996

Description:

8 Jamesway huts, 3,785 liters POL, and 2,722 kg. food

Beardmore South Camp

Position:

852'S, 16415'E

Dates of Operation:

October 1984 ‑ February 1986

Description:

Wooden module buried under snow, mogas, some JP8 available.

Siple Station

Position:

7556'S, 8415'W

Dates of Operation:

January 1979 - February 1988

Description:

An unsafe enclosed area under-the-snow, and Jamesway huts on the surface.

Upstream Bravo

Position:

8329'S, 13806'W

Dates of Operation:

February 1994

Description:

All structures buried.

 

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