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XI. Refuges

Section XI provides information on existing refuges and survival caches in the McMurdo area, as well as, deactivated camps and stations elsewhere on the continent.

McMurdo Area Antarctic Refuges and Survival Caches

Following are the existing refuges consisting of huts or caches that may be used in emergency survival situations. These survival huts and survival caches are located within a 65 nautical mile radius of McMurdo Station and are inspected annually. Information provided includes position and description of location and accommodation, food, fuel, and supplies of other kinds. Full provisions" indicates sleeping, eating, and cooking utensils.

Mt. Erebus Hut and Cache

Position: 77°30'S; 167°10'E
Hut: Partial provisions for 3 (no sleeping bags), oxygen, radio during summer.
Cache: Full provisions for 6. Located 50 meters from hut.

Cape Crozier Hut and Cache

Position: 77°30'S, 169°40'E
Hut: Wood structure with some provisions. No radio.
Cache: Full provisions for 6 located north of the hut.

Lake Bonney Hut and Cache

Position: 77°42'S, 162°27'E
Hut: Jamesway structure with provisions. No radio
Cache: Located on southeastern shore of Lake Bonney, approximately 30m from Jamesway structure uphill.

Lake Vida Cache

Position: 77°23'S, 161°55'E
Hut: Full provisions for 6, 30 man/days food. No radio.
Cache: Located approximately 183m from lake on southwestern shore.

Lake Hoare Hut

Position: 76°38'S, 162°57'E
Hut: Wood structure with provisions, sleeps 6.
Cache: Located 30 meters from hut, food, no radio

Lake Fryxell Hut

Position: 77°36'S, 163°07'E
Hut: Jamesway structure with provisions, sleeps 6.
Cache: Located 30 meters from hut, food, no radio

New Harbor Hut

Position: 77°34'S, 163°31'E
Hut: Jamesway structure with provisions, sleeps 6.
Cache: Located 30 meters from hut, food, no radio

McMurdo Supported Remote Locations

Tamseis Camp

Position: 81°39.14'S, 122°35.27'E

Siple Dome Camp 

Position: 81°39'S, 149°04'E

Camp winterized at the end of the 2003-2004 season.  Food, fuel, survival cache, and heavy equipment were staged on site for use during the 2003-2004 field season.  Camp will be reoccupied from October 2004 to February 2005. 

Byrd Surface Camp

Position: 80°01'S, 119°32'E

Camp winterized at the end of the 2003-2004 season. One Jamesway was left standing. Food, fuel, survival equipment are on site. Camp will be reoccupied in October 2004.

Deactivated USAP Stations and Camps

Data on unoccupied United States facilities in Antarctica is listed here although such facilities are not considered usable as refuges.  Some are so deeply buried in snow as to make them inaccessible, while others are difficult to locate.  Information provided:  (1) position and description of location; (2) dates established and deactivated or last visited; and (3) estimate of available accommodation, food, fuel, and supplies of other kinds.

Byrd Aurora Substation 

Position: 79°26'S, 188°4'W, approximately 64km from present Byrd Station.
Dates of Operation: March 1963 - October 1963
Description:Prefabricated shelter, 16 man/months food and supplies, and    9,464 liters of diesel fuel

Camp Neptune

Position: 83°31'S, 57°15'W, Neptune Range of Pensacola Mountains
Dates of Operation: November 1963 - January 1966
Description:4.9m x 7.3m Jamesway building, 32 drums fuel, 4-6 
man/months food, 113 kg. explosives

Patuxent Camp

Position: 84°54'S, 63°W, Patuxent Range of Pensacola Mountains
Dates of Operation: November 1962 - December 1965
Description:4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 4 drums fuel, 458 man/days   food plus cooking utensils

Prebble Glacier Camp

Position: 84°15'S, 164°10'E, at mouth of Prebble Glacier, 
Queen Alexandra Range
Dates of Operation: November 1966 - February 1967
Description:4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 4 drums fuel, 1 man/month 
food supplies

Camp Gould

Position: 78°57'S, 85°45'W, East Heritage Range
Dates of Operation: November 1962 - February 1967
Description:4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 48 drums fuel, 8-10 
man/months food

 
Amundsen Glacier Camp 

Position: 86°18'S, 160°55'W, adjacent to Amundsen Glacier on the 
Faulkner Escarpment
Dates of Operation: November 1963 - January 1964
Description:4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 4 fuel drums, 400 man/days
 food, cooking utensils

 
Byrd Coast Camp 

Position: 76°55'S, 144°W, in Edsel Ford Range at Mount Farley
Dates of Operation: October 1966 - January 1967
Description:4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 2 man/months food and fuel

 
Camp Ohio 

Position: 84°52'S, 114°20'W, Ohio Range, Horlick Mountains
Dates of Operation: November 1961 - January 1967
Description:4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 7 drums fuel, cooking 
utensils, 2 man/weeks food supplies

 
Camp Minnesota 

Position: 73°30'S, 94°30'W, in northwestern side of Jones Mountain
Dates of Operation: November 1961 - January 1965
Description:4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, unknown quantity of 
food and fuel

 
Little Rockford 

Position: 79°30'S, 147°19'W, (relocated in 1959 from 79°35'S, 156°46'W)
Dates of Operation: December 1958 - February 1965
Description:3 Wannigans, 1 improvised shelter, food and fuel unknown

 
Plateau Station 

Position: 79°15'S, 40°30'E
Dates of Operation: December 1965 - January 1969
Description: Main building 21m x 7.6m van; emergency station separated from main building consists of 9m x 2.4m van attached to a 4.8m x 8m Jamesway; 3-4.8m x 8.5m' and 1-4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway huts with limited supply of DFA and mogas available; however, access may be difficult owing to snow cover; 100 man/months of food plus cooking utensils.

 
Camp Ohio II 

Position: 86°S, 127°W, near crashed R4D aircraft
Dates of Operation: November 1962 - January 1965
Description:4.8m x 7.3m Jamesway, 4 drums fuel, 2 man/months food 
plus cooking utensils

 
Roosevelt Island Hut 

Position: 80°11'S, 161°39'W
Dates of Operation: 1969
Description:Provisions for 25.  No radio

 
Hallett Station 

Position: 72°19'S, 170°13'E
Dates of Operation: January 1957 - February 1973
Description:4 buildings

 
Brockton Station 

Position: 80°01'S, 178°02'W
Dates of Operation: October 1965 - February 1972
Description:4 buildings, 14 drums fuel, and 4,164 liters bulk fuel

 
Marie Byrd Land Camp 

Position: 75°45'S, 135°W
Dates of Operation: October - December 1977
Description:5 Jamesway huts, bulk DFA, food

 
Ellsworth Mountains Camp 

Position: 79°07'S, 85°39'W
Dates of Operation: November 1979 - January 1980
Description:1 Jamesway hut

 
McGregor Glacier Hut 

Position: 85°08'S, 174°50'E
Dates of Operation: 1982 - 83 season
Description:Camp buried under snow.  No radio

 
Dome C Camp 

Position: 74°39'S, 124°10'E
Dates of Operation: Camp active summer seasons through 1981/82.  Last visited 
Jan. 1996
Description:8 Jamesway huts, 3,785 liters POL, and 2,722 kg. food

 
Beardmore South Camp 

Position: 85°2'S, 164°15'E
Dates of Operation: October 1984 - February 1986
Description:Wooden module buried under snow, mogas, some JP8 available.

 
Siple Station 

Position: 75°56'S, 84°15'W
Dates of Operation: January 1979 - February 1988
Description:An unsafe enclosed area under-the-snow, and Jamesway huts on the surface.

 
Upstream Bravo 

Position: 83°29'S, 138°06'W
Dates of Operation: February 1994
Description:All structures buried.
         


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