Section XI provides information on existing refuges and survival caches in the McMurdo area, as well as, deactivated camps and stations elsewhere on the continent.
McMurdo Area Antarctic Refuges and Survival Caches
Following are the existing refuges consisting of huts or caches that may be used in emergency survival situations. These survival huts and survival caches are located within a 65 nautical mile radius of McMurdo Station and are inspected annually. Information provided includes position and description of location and accommodation, food, fuel, and supplies of other kinds. Full provisions" indicates sleeping, eating, and cooking utensils.
Mt. Erebus Hut and Cache
Position: 77°30'S; 167°10'E Hut: Partial provisions for 3 (no sleeping bags), oxygen, radio during summer. Cache: Full provisions for 6. Located 50 meters from hut.
Cape Crozier Hut and Cache
Position: 77°30'S, 169°40'E Hut: Wood structure with some provisions. No radio. Cache: Full provisions for 6 located north of the hut.
Lake Bonney Hut and Cache
Position: 77°42'S, 162°27'E Hut: Jamesway structure with provisions. No radio Cache: Located on southeastern shore of Lake Bonney, approximately 30m from Jamesway structure uphill.
Lake Vida Cache
Position: 77°23'S, 161°55'E Hut: Full provisions for 6, 30 man/days food. No radio. Cache: Located approximately 183m from lake on southwestern shore.
Lake Hoare Hut
Position: 76°38'S, 162°57'E Hut: Wood structure with provisions, sleeps 6. Cache: Located 30 meters from hut, food, no radio
Lake Fryxell Hut
Position: 77°36'S, 163°07'E Hut: Jamesway structure with provisions, sleeps 6. Cache: Located 30 meters from hut, food, no radio
New Harbor Hut
Position: 77°34'S, 163°31'E Hut: Jamesway structure with provisions, sleeps 6. Cache: Located 30 meters from hut, food, no radio
McMurdo Supported Remote Locations
Position: 81°39.14'S, 122°35.27'E
Siple Dome Camp
Position: 81°39'S, 149°04'E
Camp winterized at the end of the 2003-2004 season. Food, fuel, survival cache, and heavy equipment were staged on site for use during the 2003-2004 field season. Camp will be reoccupied from October 2004 to February 2005.
Byrd Surface Camp
Position: 80°01'S, 119°32'E
Camp winterized at the end of the 2003-2004 season. One Jamesway was left standing. Food, fuel, survival equipment are on site. Camp will be reoccupied in October 2004.
Deactivated USAP Stations and Camps
Data on unoccupied United States facilities in Antarctica is listed here although such facilities are not considered usable as refuges. Some are so deeply buried in snow as to make them inaccessible, while others are difficult to locate. Information provided: (1) position and description of location; (2) dates established and deactivated or last visited; and (3) estimate of available accommodation, food, fuel, and supplies of other kinds.
Byrd Aurora Substation
Position: 79°26'S, 188°4'W, approximately 64km from present Byrd Station. Dates of Operation: March 1963 - October 1963 Description: Prefabricated shelter, 16 man/months food and supplies, and 9,464 liters of diesel fuel
Position: 83°31'S, 57°15'W, Neptune Range of Pensacola Mountains Dates of Operation: November 1963 - January 1966 Description: 4.9m x 7.3m Jamesway building, 32 drums fuel, 4-6
man/months food, 113 kg. explosives
Position: 84°54'S, 63°W, Patuxent Range of Pensacola Mountains Dates of Operation: November 1962 - December 1965 Description: 4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 4 drums fuel, 458 man/days food plus cooking utensils
Prebble Glacier Camp
Position: 84°15'S, 164°10'E, at mouth of Prebble Glacier,
Queen Alexandra Range
Dates of Operation: November 1966 - February 1967 Description: 4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 4 drums fuel, 1 man/month
Position: 78°57'S, 85°45'W, East Heritage Range Dates of Operation: November 1962 - February 1967 Description: 4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 48 drums fuel, 8-10
Amundsen Glacier Camp
Position: 86°18'S, 160°55'W, adjacent to Amundsen Glacier on the
Dates of Operation: November 1963 - January 1964 Description: 4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 4 fuel drums, 400 man/days
food, cooking utensils
Byrd Coast Camp
Position: 76°55'S, 144°W, in Edsel Ford Range at Mount Farley Dates of Operation: October 1966 - January 1967 Description: 4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 2 man/months food and fuel
Position: 84°52'S, 114°20'W, Ohio Range, Horlick Mountains Dates of Operation: November 1961 - January 1967 Description: 4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, 7 drums fuel, cooking
utensils, 2 man/weeks food supplies
Position: 73°30'S, 94°30'W, in northwestern side of Jones Mountain Dates of Operation: November 1961 - January 1965 Description: 4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway building, unknown quantity of
food and fuel
Position: 79°30'S, 147°19'W, (relocated in 1959 from 79°35'S, 156°46'W) Dates of Operation: December 1958 - February 1965 Description: 3 Wannigans, 1 improvised shelter, food and fuel unknown
Position: 79°15'S, 40°30'E Dates of Operation: December 1965 - January 1969 Description: Main building 21m x 7.6m van; emergency station separated from main building consists of 9m x 2.4m van attached to a 4.8m x 8m Jamesway; 3-4.8m x 8.5m' and 1-4.8m x 4.8m Jamesway huts with limited supply of DFA and mogas available; however, access may be difficult owing to snow cover; 100 man/months of food plus cooking utensils.
Camp Ohio II
Position: 86°S, 127°W, near crashed R4D aircraft Dates of Operation: November 1962 - January 1965 Description: 4.8m x 7.3m Jamesway, 4 drums fuel, 2 man/months food
plus cooking utensils
Roosevelt Island Hut
Position: 80°11'S, 161°39'W Dates of Operation: 1969 Description: Provisions for 25. No radio
Position: 72°19'S, 170°13'E Dates of Operation: January 1957 - February 1973 Description: 4 buildings
Position: 80°01'S, 178°02'W Dates of Operation: October 1965 - February 1972 Description: 4 buildings, 14 drums fuel, and 4,164 liters bulk fuel
Marie Byrd Land Camp
Position: 75°45'S, 135°W Dates of Operation: October - December 1977 Description: 5 Jamesway huts, bulk DFA, food
Ellsworth Mountains Camp
Position: 79°07'S, 85°39'W Dates of Operation: November 1979 - January 1980 Description: 1 Jamesway hut
McGregor Glacier Hut
Position: 85°08'S, 174°50'E Dates of Operation: 1982 - 83 season Description: Camp buried under snow. No radio
Dome C Camp
Position: 74°39'S, 124°10'E Dates of Operation: Camp active summer seasons through 1981/82. Last visited
Description: 8 Jamesway huts, 3,785 liters POL, and 2,722 kg. food
Beardmore South Camp
Position: 85°2'S, 164°15'E Dates of Operation: October 1984 - February 1986 Description: Wooden module buried under snow, mogas, some JP8 available.
Position: 75°56'S, 84°15'W Dates of Operation: January 1979 - February 1988 Description: An unsafe enclosed area under-the-snow, and Jamesway huts on the surface.
Position: 83°29'S, 138°06'W Dates of Operation: February 1994 Description: All structures buried.