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National Science Foundation HomeNational Science Foundation - Directorate for Geological Sciences (GEO)
Polar Programs (PLR)
design element
Division of Polar Programs
United States Antarctic Program

President's Memordanum Regarding Antarctica (Memorandum 6646, February 1982)

U.S. Policy on Private Expeditions to Antarctica
Antarctic Conservation Act
Polar-supported Workshops
U.S. Policy
U.S. Federal Agency Responsibilities
International Cooperation
Antarctic Treaty
U.S. Annual Antarctic Treaty Information Exchange
Related Links
Antarctic Treaty sites
U.S. Annual Report to the Antarctic Treaty
Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs
Antarctic Treaty Secretariat
Antarctic Treaty Committee for Environmental Protection
GEO Organizations
Atmospheric and Geospace Science (AGS)
Earth Sciences (EAR)
Ocean Sciences (OCE)
Polar Programs (POLAR)
Polar Programs Organizations
Antarctic Sciences (ANT)
Arctic Sciences (ARC)
Antarctic Infrastructure and Logistics (AIL)
Polar Environment, Safety and Health (PESH)
Polar Programs Information
Contact Polar Programs
Polar Programs Budget Information
Related Polar Links
Polar Programs Publications list
Philatelic mail
Polar Programs webmaster

U.S. Federal Agency Responsibilities


Responsible for overall funding and management of U.S. activities in Antarctica, NSF

  • annually prepares plans and a budget for consideration within the Executive Branch and for review and appropriation by the Congress.
  • develops scientific goals for Antarctica, obtaining advice as needed from the scientific community and communicating these goals to the scientific community.
  • receives proposals for research projects from U.S. universities, other research institutions, and federal agencies; evaluates these proposals for relevance to program goals, scientific merit, and logistics feasibility; provides funds to these institutions for performance of the projects in Antarctica and completion of analysis upon return; and arranges cooperative scientific and logistics programs with other Antarctic Treaty nations.
  • plans the logistics requirements and transmits these requirements and necessary funds to the U.S. Naval Support Force Antarctica, the Air National Guard, and the United States Coast Guard (functions are described below).
  • manages, designs, plans, engineers, constructs, and maintains U.S. Antarctic facilities.
  • manages a contract with a commercial firm for operation of McMurdo, South Pole, and Palmer Stations, the research vessels Laurence M. Gould and Nathaniel B. Palmer, construction, and other services.
  • develops and implements a comprehensive safety, environment, and health program for U.S. activities in Antarctica.
  • serves as a clearinghouse and source of information regarding Antarctic records, files, documents, and maps maintained within agencies and nongovernmental organizations.


With funds provided by NSF, the Department of Defense (DOD) assists in planning and carries out requested logistics. This function is presently performed by the Air National Guard and units of the Air Force. The units of the U.S. Navy, which previously provided logistic support, was phased out of the program by 1999, and the Air National Guard assumed the flight operations and some of the Navy’s support functions. Other support operations were assumed by civilian contractors. DOD functions include:

  • operating a squadron of LC-130 Hercules airplanes to support science projects and supply McMurdo Station and inland stations
  • arranging annually for a ship and a fuel tanker to supply McMurdo Station through the Military Sealift Command
  • conducting Military Airlift Command flights between Antarctica and New Zealand
  • operating portions of a staging facility in Christchurch, New Zealand


The United States Coast Guard (Department of Homeland Security) has the following responsibilities:

  • channel-breaking in McMurdo Sound to enable the supply ship to reach McMurdo Station
  • escorting supply ships into and out of McMurdo Station


The Department of State formulates and directs foreign policy relating to the development and implementation of an integrated U.S. program for Antarctica; the conduct of foreign relations regarding Antarctica; and legal matters relating to the interpretation and implementation of the Antarctic Treaty.


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