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National Science Foundation (NSF)
NSF is an independent federal agency created by Congress in 1950 "to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense…" We use our annual budget of about $5.5 billion to fund approximately 20 percent of all federally supported basic research conducted by America's colleges and universities. NSF has several unique roles in polar science: the agency manages the U.S. Antarctic Program, which coordinates all U.S. science on the southernmost continent; the NSF director heads the Interagency Arctic Research Policy Committee (IARPC); and NSF was designated by the White House as the lead federal agency for the International Polar Year (IPY).
2/7/2012 Analysis of the polar questions on General Social Survey indicates public's polar knowledge improved between 2006 and 2010. More
7/28/2011 The Anaktuvuk River fire, the largest recorded tundra fire in the Arctic, released approximately as much carbon into the atmosphere as the tundra has stored in the previous 50 years, according to a newly released study.