text-only page produced automatically by LIFT Text Transcoder Skip all navigation and go to page contentSkip top navigation and go to directorate navigationSkip top navigation and go to page navigation
National Science Foundation
design element
News From the Field
For the News Media
Special Reports
Research Overviews
NSF-Wide Investments
Speeches & Lectures
NSF Current Newsletter
Multimedia Gallery
Search Multimedia
Multimedia in the News
NSF Executive Staff
News Archive

Email this pagePrint this page
A FAVE-suite spectrogram of an 1888-born speaker vocally progressing from the word "make"

graphic representation showing multiple bars marking the vocal progression of a speaker

This spectrogram, one of the million measured by a program called the FAVE suite, illustrates a speaker born in 1888 vocally progressing from the word "make" toward "meek." The vertical bars show the beating of the vocal cords. The horizontal dark bars show the shaping effect of the tongue and the lips.

Credit: William Labov, University of Pennsylvania

General Restrictions:
Images and other media in the Multimedia in the News section of the NSF Multimedia Gallery are for use by the news media only. All other users must obtain permission from the image owner, listed in the credit above, before using the visual material.

Images credited to the National Science Foundation, a federal agency, are in the public domain. The images were created by employees of the United States Government as part of their official duties or prepared by contractors as "works for hire" for NSF. You may freely use NSF-credited images and, at your discretion, credit NSF with a "Courtesy: National Science Foundation" notation. Additional information about general usage can be found in Conditions.

Also Available:
Download the high-resolution JPG version of the image. (98 KB)

Use your mouse to right-click (Mac users may need to Ctrl-click) the link above and choose the option that will save the file or target to your computer.

Related story: Detecting social patterns from shifting dialects


Email this pagePrint this page
Back to Top of page