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A FAVE-suite spectrogram of an 1988-born speaker vocally progressing from the word "make"

graphic representation of a speaker vocal progression from the word make to meek


This spectrogram, measured by a program called the FAVE suite, shows a speaker born in 1988 vocally progressing from the word "make" toward "meek." The vertical bars show the beating of the vocal cords. The horizontal dark bars show the shaping effect of the tongue and the lips.

Credit: William Labov, University of Pennsylvania

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