News From the Field
15,000 Beams of Light
August 2, 2010
One Chicago skyline is dazzling enough. Now imagine 15,000 of them. Northwestern University researchers have done just that--drawing 15,000 identical skylines with tiny beams of light using an innovative nanofabrication technology called beam-pen lithography (BPL). BPL uses an array of pens made of a polymer to print patterns over large areas with nanoscopic through macroscopic resolution.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2016, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.
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