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Press Release 10-222
President Obama Awards National Medals of Science to America's Best and Brightest Scientific Minds

Obama calls celebrating their contributions "one of the most important ways to restore science to its rightful place"

NSF Deputy Director Cora Marrett, Director Subra Suresh and National Medal of Science laureates.

NSF Deputy Director Cora Marrett and Director Subra Suresh bookend Nat'l Medal of Science laureates.
Credit and Larger Version

November 23, 2010

On November 17th, President Obama presented 10 researchers with the highest technical and scientific award given by the United States, the the National Medal of Science.

"The achievements of these men and women stand as testament to their ingenuity, to their zeal for discovery and for their willingness to give of themselves and to sacrifice in order to expand the reach of human understanding," the President said at a ceremony at the White House on Wednesday evening. "The scientists and innovators here have saved lives, improved our health and well being, helped unleash whole new industries and millions of jobs, transformed the way we work, learn and communicate ... their contributions serve as proof not only to their creativity and skill, but to the promise of science itself." 

The National Medal of Science was created by statute in 1959, and is administered for the White House by the National Science Foundation (NSF). Awarded annually, the medal recognizes individuals who have made outstanding contributions to science and engineering. Nominees are selected by a committee of presidential appointees based on their advanced knowledge in, and contributions to, the biological, behavioral/social and physical sciences, as well as chemistry, engineering, computing and mathematics.

NSF Director Subra Suresh addressed the laureates at a black tie awards dinner that followed the formal ceremony at the White House. "Tonight we acknowledge not only the heritage that you received and have carried on, but even more so, we celebrate the legacy that you bestow to coming generations of explorers, discoverers, inventors, and innovators," said Suresh. "You feed our anticipation of continued contributions and leadership. And, we look forward to the future flowering of science and innovation in your hands and in the hearts and minds of those you mentor and train ... To put the minds and the hands of humanity to work in creating a better world for all."

On its 51st anniversary, this year's National Medal of Science recipients are:

Yakir Aharonov, Chapman University, for his work in quantum physics, which ranges from the Aharonov-Bohm effect, to the notion of weak measurement, making him one of the most influential figures in modern physics.

Stephen Benkovic, Pennsylvania State University, for his seminal research that has changed our understanding of how enzymes function, singly or in complexes, and has led to novel pharmaceuticals and biocatalysts.

Esther Conwell, University of Rochester, for promoting women in science, and for contributions to understanding electron and whole transport in semiconducting materials that has helped to enable integrated circuits and organic electronic devices.

Marye Anne Fox, University of California, San Diego, for seminal contributions to chemistry by elucidating the role that non-homogeneous environments can exert on excited-state processes, and enhancing our understanding of charge-transfer reactions and their application to such fields as polymers, solar energy conversion and nanotechnology.

Susan Lindquist, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, for showing that changes in protein folding can have profound and unexpected influences in fields as wide-ranging as human disease, evolution and nanotechnology, and for providing fundamental experimental support for the prion hypothesis. The prion hypothesis is a key scientific assertion associated with a group of progressive conditions that affect the brain and nervous system of many animals, including humans.

Mortimer Mishkin, National Institutes of Health, for fundamental contributions to understanding the functional organization of the primate brain, including the discovery of the role of the inferior temporal cortex in vision, delineation of the selective contributions of medial temporal lobe structures to memory, and discovery of the neural bases of cognitive and noncognitive memory systems.

David Mumford, Brown University, for extraordinary contributions to the mathematical, engineering and neurobiological sciences.

Stanley Prusiner, University of California, San Francisco, for his discovery of prions representing an unprecedented class of infectious agents comprised only of proteins, which elucidated a novel paradigm of disease in which a single pathogenic process produces infectious, inherited or sporadic illnesses in humans and animals.

Warren Washington, National Center for Atmospheric Research, for his fundamental contributions to the understanding of Earth's coupled climate system through numerical simulation, leadership in U.S. science policy, and inspiring mentorship of young people of all backgrounds and origins.

Amnon Yariv, California Institute of Technology, for scientific and engineering contributions to photonics and quantum electronics that have profoundly impacted lightwave communications and the field of optics as a whole.

____

Note to regional reporters: For more information about or interviews with local winners of the National Medal of Science and the National Medal of Technology and Innovation, please contact the awardees' home institution or agency.

-NSF-

Media Contacts
Lisa-Joy Zgorski, NSF, (703) 292-8311, lisajoy@nsf.gov
Christine Clark, UCSD, (858) 534-7618, ceclark@ucsd.edu
David Hosansky, UCAR, (303) 497-8611, hosansky@ucar.edu
Barbara Kennedy, Penn State, (814) 863-4682, bkk1@psu.edu
John R. Weiner, CALTECH, (626) 395-3226, jrweiner@caltech.edu
Matthew Fearer, Whitehead Institute, MIT, fearer@wi.mit.edu
Jennifer O'Brien, UCSF, (415) 476-8432, jobrien@pubaff.ucsf.edu
Mary Platt, Chapman University, (714) 628-7271, platt@chapman.edu
Anne Kidwell, Brown University, (401) 863-2752, anne_kidwell@brown.edu
Peter Iglinski, University of Rochester, (585) 273-4726, peter.iglinski@rochester.edu
Kate Eagan, National Institute of Mental Health, NIH, (301) 443-4536, nimhpress@nih.gov

Program Contacts
Mayra N. Montrose, NSF, (703) 292-4757, mmontros@nsf.gov

Related Websites
President Obama hosts White House awards ceremony: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EkiC8EIUhxg
White House blog post about National Medals of Science: /news/longurl.cfm?id=211
Photographs of all 2009 laureates receiving the National Medal of Science: /news/longurl.cfm?id=210
Associated Press story with laureate slideshow: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/11/17/AR2010111705578.html
White House Press Release Annoucing Awardees: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2010/10/15/president-obama-honors-nations-top-scientists-and-innovators
NSF National Medal of Science Fact Sheet: http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=100684
National Science & Techology Medals Foundation: http://www.nationalmedals.org/medals/science.php

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2014, its budget is $7.2 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives about 50,000 competitive requests for funding, and makes about 11,500 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $593 million in professional and service contracts yearly.

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Awards Searches: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/

 

Photo of the National Medal of Science.
The National Medal of Science.
Credit and Larger Version

Photo of National Medal of Technology and Innovation recipients with President Obama.
A team of National Medal of Technology and Innovation recipients with President Obama.
Credit and Larger Version

National Medal of Science awardees Stephen Benkovic on left, Esther Conwell and Marye Anne Fox.
NMS awardees await their medals (from L to R): Stephen Benkovic, Esther Conwell and Marye Anne Fox.
Credit and Larger Version

Photo of Caltech's Amnon Yariv, a National Medal of Science awardee for contributions in optics.
Caltech's Amnon Yariv was awarded the National Medal of Science for vast contributions in optics.
Credit and Larger Version

Photo of National Medal of Science awardee Esther Conwell for contributions in electronics.
Esther Conwell heard early in her career that women could not be engineers.
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