News From the Field
Bacterial Plasmids--the Freeloading and the Heavy-lifters--Balance the High Price of Disease
February 1, 2012
Indiana University biologists studying self-replicating genetic units called plasmids, found in one of the world's widest-ranging pathogenic soil bacteria--the crown gall disease-causing microorganism Agrobacterium tumefaciens--are showing how freeloading, mutant derivatives of these plasmids benefit, while the virulent, disease-causing plasmids do the heavy lifting of initiating infection in plant hosts.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2014, its budget is $7.2 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives about 50,000 competitive requests for funding, and makes about 11,500 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $593 million in professional and service contracts yearly.
Get News Updates by Email
Useful NSF Web Sites:
NSF Home Page: http://www.nsf.gov
NSF News: http://www.nsf.gov/news/
For the News Media: http://www.nsf.gov/news/newsroom.jsp
Science and Engineering Statistics: http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/
Awards Searches: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/