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News From the Field
Seeking That Caffeine Buzz for More Than a Thousand Years

August 6, 2012

image of three beakers As early as 1050 A.D., inhabi­tants of North Amer­ica, specif­i­cally east of St. Louis, Mo. were seek­ing out, brew­ing and rit­u­ally drink­ing copi­ous quan­ti­ties of a sub­stance anthro­pol­o­gists are call­ing Black Drink. Researchers say local inhab­i­tants parched holly leaves and small twigs, placed them in a large pot with water, boiled and agi­tated the liq­uid into a froth before drink­ing it. Full Story

University of New Mexico

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2016, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.

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