NSF and NIFA award $25 million in grants for study of water sustainability and climate
Funding will foster research on how Earth's water system is linked with climate change, land use, ecosystems
Almost 1.1 billion people worldwide live without access to fresh water; some 2.6 billion lack adequate sanitation facilities.
One of the most urgent challenges facing the world today, scientists agree, is ensuring the adequate supply and quality of water in light of burgeoning human needs and climate variability and change.
Despite water's importance to life on Earth, there are major gaps in understanding water availability and quality, as well as the effects of a changing and variable climate, and of human activities, on the water system.
To help find new answers to one of the most pressing problems of the millennium, the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Institute for Food and Agriculture (NIFA) have made 26 awards totaling $25 million in their joint Water Sustainability and Climate (WSC) program. This year's awards are the third set in the program.
At NSF, WSC is supported by the Directorates for Geosciences; Engineering; and Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences.
"Water is the lifeblood of Earth's environment," says Tom Torgersen, lead NSF WSC program officer. "Knowledge of the flow and function of water is paramount to understanding how humankind's activities interact with and alter our environment. The mounting pressures of population increases, land use changes, and climate change underscore the need to understand the role of water."
The WSC program's goal is to understand and predict interactions among Earth's water system and climate change, land use (including agriculture, managed forests, and rangeland systems), our "built environment," and ecosystems around the world.
"Agriculture in the United States is dependent on the availability and quality of water; however, a number of factors, including climate and the environment, could have a significant effect on our nation's water resources, which in turn has consequences for farmers, livestock producers, forest and rangeland managers, and rural economies," says Sonny Ramaswamy, director of NIFA.
"These grants are critically important to our understanding of how the water system is affected by external factors, which ultimately helps farmers and rural communities prepare for future challenges."
WSC category 1 awards are made for small team synthesis, modeling, integration and assessment projects that use existing data or new measurements to study entire watersheds and groundwater sites. Both NSF and USDA/NIFA funds support this category.
WSC category 2 awards are for place-based modeling studies with new observations. NSF supports this category.
WSC category 3 awards support synthesis, modeling and integration grants that use only existing data to integrate and synthesize information across watershed and groundwater sites. Both NSF and USDA/NIFA fund this category.
Topics addressed by this year's awards include the effects of climate change on agriculture-water systems; water quality and supply in two tropical nations, Ecuador and China; effects of agricultural decision-making and adaptive management on food security; water sustainability in a snow-fed arid river system; land-use and hydrology in the Panama Canal watershed; and decision processes, climate change and water resources in the agricultural Midwest.
WSC is part of NSF's Science, Engineering and Education for Sustainability (SEES) initiative.
NSF-USDA/NIFA 2014 WSC Awards
William Ball, Johns Hopkins University: WSC Category 3 Collaborative: Impacts of Climate Change on the Phenology of Linked Agriculture-Water Systems
Damian Brady, University of Maine: WSC-Category 3 Collaborative: Impacts of Climate Change on the Phenology of Linked Agriculture-Water Systems
Ariel Ortiz-Bobea, Cornell University: WSC-Category 3 Collaborative: Impacts of Climate Change on the Phenology of Linked Agriculture-Water Systems
Lisa Wainger, University of Maryland: WSC-Category 3 Collaborative: Impacts of Climate Change on the Phenology of Linked Agriculture-Water Systems
Gregory Characklis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: WSC-Category 3 Collaborative: Designing Robust and Adaptive Water Management Strategies in Regions Transitioning from Abundance to Scarcity
Charles Vorosmarty, CUNY - Advanced Science Research Center: WSC-Category 3: A National Energy-Water System Assessment Framework (NEWS): Stage I Development
William Horwath, University of California-Davis: WSC Category 3: Agricultural sensitivity to climate change and water resources interactions in the San Joaquin Valley, Calif. and system resilience offered by adaptation strategies
Upmanu Lall, Columbia University: WSC-Category 3 Collaborative: America's Water - The Changing Landscape of Risk, Competing Demands and Climate
Kelly Caylor, Princeton University: WSC-Category 2 Collaborative: Impacts of Agricultural Decision Making and Adaptive Management on Food Security
Tom Evans, Indiana University: WSC-Category 2 Collaborative: Impacts of Agricultural Decision Making and Adaptive Management on Food Security
Maureen McCarthy, University of Nevada, Reno: Water Sustainability in Snow-Fed Arid Land River System
Gregory Pohl, University of Nevada Desert Research Institute: Water Sustainability in Snow-Fed Arid Land River System
Holly Barnard, University of Colorado at Boulder: Collaborative Research: Planning And Land Management in Tropical Ecosystem; Complexities of land-use and hydrology coupling in the Panama Canal Watershed
Jefferson Hall, Smithsonian Institution: Collaborative Research: Planning And Land Management in Tropical Ecosystem; Complexities of land-use and hydrology coupling in the Panama Canal Watershed
Shannon L. Bartelt-Hunt, University of Nebraska: WSC Category 1: Influence of Climate and Agricultural Clustering on Groundwater Contamination by Trace Organics
Mikhail Chester, Arizona State University: WSC-Category 1: Advancing Infrastructure and Institutional Resilience to Climate Change for Coupled Water-Energy Systems
Adam Ward, University of Iowa: WSC-Category 1: Decision Processes, Climate Change, and Water Resources in the Agricultural Midwest
Zachary Easton, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University: WSC-Category 1 Collaborative Proposal: Coupled Multi-scale Economic, Hydrologic, and Estuarine Modeling to Assess Impacts of Climate Change on Water Quality Management
Raymond Najjar, Pennsylvania State University: WSC-Category 1 Collaborative Proposal: Coupled Multi-scale Economic, Hydrologic, and Estuarine Modeling to Assess Impacts of Climate Change on Water Quality Management
Ming Li, University of Maryland: WSC-Category 1 Collaborative Proposal: Coupled Multi-scale Economic, Hydrologic, and Estuarine Modeling to Assess Impacts of Climate Change on Water Quality Management
David Borrok, University of Louisiana at Lafayette: WSC-Category 1 Collaborative: A surface water management framework to counterbalance groundwater withdrawals in wetter regions of the U.S.
Ning Zhang, McNeese State University: WSC-Category 1 Collaborative: A Surface Water Management Framework to Counterbalance Groundwater Withdrawals in Wetter Regions of the U.S.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2016, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.
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