Graphic: Measuring the distance of the Nautile(2,600 meters) and the Alvin (2,500 meters) from the East Pacific Ridge
Background image: Earth and the location of the East Pacific Ridge outside the Galapagos Islands
Caption: In 1999, sulfide chimneys were collected on dives by the submersibles Alvin and Nautile. Vibrio species were identified that bore significant similarity to Vibrio cholerae, suggesting that it is native to the deep sea.
Source: NSF, K. Woellert adapted from material and data from Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia Univ.
GRAHAM MICHAEL PURDY, Director, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
More on this Source:
Founded in 1997 the NSF-wide Life in Extreme Environments Program, that now involves ten NSF Divisions/Sections and NASA
Established the International Working Group (IWG) of Funding agency representatives with interest in supporting the next generation ocean drilling program beyond 2003, co-chaired with the Science and Technology Agency of Japan, currently with members from six nations or consortia.
Reorganized the support and administrative staff structure within the Division, to better serve the needs of Program Officers
Established NSF as a leading participant in the National Ocean Partnership Program (NOPP), and in the ongoing planning for an Integrated Ocean Observing and Prediction System.
NSF Funded: NO
Researchers there may be NSF Funded, but not the facility.
NSF Use Permitted: yes
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