- S&E = science and engineering.
- Physical sciences = chemistry, physics, astronomy, and earth/ocean/atmospheric sciences.
In 2008, 38% of graduates who had earned their highest degree in an S&E field worked in an S&E occupation, and 30% worked in the same broad area as their degree. The percentage is higher for those with more advanced degrees, most notably among doctorate holders.
- Workers whose highest degree is in computer/mathematical sciences or engineering are more likely than those with other S&E degrees to be employed in the broad area in which they were trained: in 2008, 53% of workers with highest degrees in computer/mathematical sciences and 50% in engineering, compared to 34% of workers with highest degrees in physical sciences, 22% in biological / agricultural / environmental life sciences, and 9% in social sciences/psychology.
- Workers with S&E doctorates are more likely than those with lower level S&E degrees to work in an S&E occupation similar to their degree field: 62% of S&E doctorate holders, compared to 23% of workers whose highest S&E degree was at the bachelor’s level. This degree disparity is particularly evident among those with degrees in social sciences/psychology.