ARCTIC COORDINATION AND INFORMATION
NSF support is provided from funds allocated by federal agency members of the interagency Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences (CEES) Subcommittee on Global Change Research, for shared international funding of the centralized costs of planning for the International GeosphereBiosphere Programme (IGBP). Planning and development of a series of core research projects of the (IGBP) will be undertaken. The IGBP and these core projects will support development of a global observing system; will contribute to international assessments of global change science, in particular to those of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC); will improve and facilitate the flow of data and information in support of (IGBP) research; and will assist scientists and scientific institutions in developing countries to participate more fully in and support such research. Results of the IGBP will provide input into the analysis, modeling and interpretation of global change. To achieve these objectives, meetings of international scientific committees and scientific steering groups for the core projects will be convened. Scientific and technological reports, which result from (IGBP) activities, will be prepared and distributed. The (IGBP) Secretariat will support these activities.
This action continues the Interagency Agreement between the NSF and the Arctic Research Commission and provides for its continuing operations. The Arctic Research Commission was established under the Arctic Research Policy Act of 1984 (Public Law 98-373) and Executive Order 12501. The General Services Administration will provide administrative services to the Commission as specified in PL# 98-373 [Section 106(4)]. This action fulfills the intent of Congress to provide FY 1996 funding for the Commission through the NSF.
The project proposes to coordinate continuing U.S. activities that have resulted in improved access to polar bibliographic information resources. Publication of research results by the polar scientific community continues to increase rapidly with 15,000 to 20,000 new papers being indexed annually. It is essential to deliver access to these research results to the desktop of every potential user of polar regions information in the most user-friendly manner possible. This project provides funding for three annual meetings of the USPIWG in 1994, 1995 and 1996, to be held in Cambridge, UK, Washington, DC, and Anchorage, Alaska. Individuals representing U.S. bodies that provide polar information and/or information services will participate in each meeting. The USPIWG is a formally constituted body whose goal is to meet the research needs of the polar scientific community through user-based information access systems. Effective dissemination of polar regions information is necessary for the United States to carry out research and management activities provided for in the Arctic Research and Policy Act of 1984 (amended 1990), the U.S. Arctic Research Plan and its revisions, and the U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP). The USPIWG goals are consistent with the goals of the Arctic Research Commission. In line with its intention to offer its services to the organizations serving the U.S. polar scientific communities, USPIWG contributes to the biennial revision to the U.S. Arctic Research Plan. At an international level, USPIWG continues to play a leadership role within the Polar Libraries Colloquy.
In 1988, the Interagency Arctic Research Policy Committee (IARPC) established the Arctic Environmenal Directory (AED) Working Group to identify, organize, preserve and present information about Arctic environmental data which is available from U.S. federal agencies and selected Alaska State agencies and academic institutions. The Arctic Environmental Data Directory (AEDD) was assembled as a subset of the Earth Science Data Directory of the U.S. Geological Survey. (AED) contains more than 400 references to data sets, each of which has been reviewed for completeness, consistency and accuracy. Data sets described cover many disciplines including geophysics, hydrology, geochemistry, oceanography, cartography, atmospheric physics and chemistry, marine and terrestrial biology, health and medicine, contaminants, remote sensed data and in situ data. (AED) resides on a computer system accessible to scientists, policy makers, educators and the interested public over the Internet. This proposal is for continuation of funding support for the project activities of the (AED) Working Group for 19961997. The AED Working Group is comprised of members of the (IARPC) agencies,and academic representatives. These activities include: maintenance of the (AEDD), including entry and review of new data set descriptions, updates to existing entries, personal computer hardware and software; Internet access to Aden, a UNIX server, located in offices of the U.S. Geological Survey in Anchorage, Alaska; development of an international counterpart to (AEDD), the international Arctic Data Directory (ADD) with partner organizations initially in Canada, Denmark, Finland, Norway and Russia; coordination with and links to related data management activities, such as the Global Change Master Director and the ADD; outreach and information dissemination, including sponsorship of and participation in workshops, conferences and meetings involving agencies, academics, the Arctic Research Commission, the (IARPC) and international partners; and liaison with related U.S. and international environmental programs. This project supports the (IARPC) response to recommendations of the Arctic Research Commission on Arctic Data and Information.
The Interagency Arctic Research Policy Committee provides leadership for the U.S. (AMAP). The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) functions as the U.S. Secretariat to the (AMAP) program. Funds are provided via this interagency transfer for publication of the state of the Arctic Environment Report and the (AMAP) Arctic Assessment Report.
This Interagency Agreement supports activities of the Interagency Arctic Research Policy Committee (IARPC), for which NSF has lead agency role. These activities involve editing and preparation of the camera-ready copy of the Spring and Fall 1996 and 1997 issues of the journal, Arctic Research of the United States. The journal serves an essential step in fulfilling the requirements of Public Law 98-373, the Arctic Research and Policy Act. It contains information on research activities of the federal agencies involved in the Arctic and reports and minutes of meetings from the Arctic Research Commission and (IARPC). This action provides support for preparation of the journal and documentation of the interagency programs.
The Polar Libraries Colloquy (Colloquy) was founded in 1971 to provide an international forum for librarians and others involved in the collection, preservation and dissemination of polar information. Colloquy participants represent the institutions generating and housing most of the unpublished and published information about the Arctic and Antarctic. Colloquy's purpose is to bring these specialists together to discuss issues of mutual interest and to promote improved and expanded collections, coordinated information systems, improved delivery of information and materials and other services. NSF funding supports production of the 1996 Colloquy proceedings, which will include the text of presented papers, poster sessions, a summary of the business meeting and a list of participants. The published proceedings provide an invaluable and unique reference and reach a broader audience than does Colloquy itself. They foster collaborative projects, report on the status of polar information preservation and dissemination, and aid in identifying information gaps. The proceedings are important as the most comprehensive record available concerning polar information management.
The symposium will provide a forum for multidisciplinary discussion of remote sensing and physical/natural science studies related to atmospheric radiation. Ten science discussion sessions are planned with participation from both international and U.S. scientists expected. An emphasis of the symposium will be discussion of phenomena and processes relevant to high-latitude research. The symposium will bring together a large number of scientists studying a problem that is very important to the development of an upcoming research program, Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean.
The Polar Research Board (PRB), a unit of the National Research Council, was established in 1958 to advise the government on polar issues. The PRB strives to make research in the polar regions more productive and responsive to the needs of the United States, to maintain U.S. awareness of, and representation in, international science programs, and to enhance understanding of issues in polar regions. The Board provides national and international scientific and technical information to U.S. government policy makers and the polar community, represents U.S. interests in international nongovernmental polar scientific organizations and conducts focused studies in areas of polar science, technology and resource management. The (PRB) facilitates participation of U.S. scientists in two critical international committees dedicated to planning and coordinating research in the Arctic and Antarctic [i.e., the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC) and the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR)]. (PRB) activities are conducted by a group of volunteer experts, supported by a small staff, selected from academic institutions, industry and national laboratories. The (PRB) will continue to serve as an information center for distributing materials on (IASC) and (SCAR) to U.S. government agencies and the polar community. Other federal agencies and foundations also provide support to the (PRB).