INDEX OF KEY WORDS

 

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

aerogeophysics 1346
air 41, 44, 80, 83, 127, 129, 132, 135, 158, 183, 231, 260, 564, 585, 782, 841, 843, 870, 875, 876, 929, 953, 955, 1033, 1039, 1064, 1065, 1127, 1415, 1434, 1650
Alaska Native Science Commission (ANSC) 1826, 1856
Aleut 1771, 1849, 1882
Arctic charr 1166
Arctic Environmental Data Directory (AEDD) 16, 17
Arctic Environmental Directory (AED) 7, 13, 14
Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP) 20, 21, 22
Arctic Systems Science (ARCSS) 266, 302, 349, 373, 402, 459, 544, 596, 603, 748, 752, 754, 755, 756, 757, 758, 759, 760, 762, 763, 764, 765, 766, 767, 768
Arctic Vortex 1030
aurora 773, 775, 828
Auroral Spectroscopy 826

B

Bacterioplankton 1160, 1751, 1754, 1756
balloon(s) 224, 226, 848, 849, 850, 1032, 1035
basal ice 63, 114, 1555, 1557, 1559, 1563, 1597, 1598, 1628, 1636, 1639
bathymetry 423, 1345, 1661, 1666, 1670, 1698
bedrock 69, 1340, 1542, 1544, 1565
behavior 1105, 1108, 1109, 1110, 1159, 1283, 1285, 1286, 1289, 1291, 1295, 1301, 1477, 1521, 1524, 1612, 1613, 1775, 1776, 1777, 1779, 1790
Bella Coola 1844
biochemistry 1480, 1483, 1492
biodiversity 640
biology 10, 172, 186, 930, 1066, 1068, 1122, 1462, 1486
bird(s) 448, 1101, 1106, 1107, 1111, 1172, 1175

C

carbon 94, 95, 98, 99, 101, 131, 175, 176, 179, 180, 236, 242, 250, 251, 347, 356, 401, 432, 433, 436, 461, 495, 539, 556, 561, 567, 568, 591, 618, 668, 672, 673, 676, 679, 680, 681, 682, 683, 688, 690, 691, 702, 705, 709, 732, 737, 739, 862, 863, 864, 865, 866, 879, 970, 1054, 1069, 1070, 1072, 1073, 1074, 1077, 1084, 1086, 1162, 1163, 1164, 1200, 1209, 1212, 1342, 1352, 1363, 1403, 1405, 1411, 1439, 1448, 1454, 1455, 1535, 1582, 1586, 1717, 1718, 1719, 1721, 1722, 1737, 1740, 1741, 1742, 1743, 1744, 1745, 1746, 1748, 1749, 1757, 1758, 1885
chemistry 8, 9, 56, 67, 77, 91, 120, 136, 150, 152, 154, 155, 163, 185, 187, 490, 807, 824, 855, 857, 869, 1038, 1043, 1099, 1123, 1152, 1354, 1376, 1463, 1479, 1481, 1482, 1484, 1485, 1487, 1488, 1493, 1701
circulation 68, 170, 171, 190, 200, 245, 248, 253, 255, 256, 257, 330, 399, 525, 699, 836, 892, 896, 899, 902, 909, 952, 1198, 1252, 1253, 1313, 1350, 1389, 1397, 1530, 1590, 1713, 1715, 1725, 1726, 1727, 1728, 1733, 1734, 1738
climate 38, 59, 61, 73, 84, 92, 96, 100, 106, 111, 112, 113, 119, 121, 139, 141, 144, 146, 166, 167, 168, 184, 207, 208, 209, 246, 247, 268, 269, 272, 278, 279, 288, 313, 316, 318, 322, 324, 325, 327, 328, 331, 334, 342, 353, 358, 367, 372, 374, 376, 378, 379, 381, 383, 417, 426, 443, 445, 446, 481, 505, 507, 508, 520, 526, 527, 543, 573, 576, 577, 579, 580, 593, 594, 613, 621, 626, 631, 632, 633, 635, 638, 641, 644, 646, 650, 651, 656, 661, 662, 667, 684, 687, 692, 696, 698, 700, 701, 706, 711, 719, 721, 724, 725, 727, 728, 744, 745, 746, 853, 894, 903, 908, 913, 914, 915, 916, 917, 918, 919, 920, 922, 926, 934, 935, 936, 939, 940, 942, 943, 944, 948, 950, 951, 1024, 1047, 1057, 1058, 1067, 1080, 1120, 1132, 1143, 1150, 1203, 1205, 1208, 1249, 1257, 1262, 1284, 1290, 1302, 1305, 1307, 1316, 1324, 1327, 1329, 1351, 1357, 1367, 1386, 1402, 1408, 1422, 1433, 1450, 1457, 1475, 1504, 1506, 1511, 1514, 1520, 1522, 1523, 1551, 1595, 1601, 1684, 1711, 1714, 1750, 1815, 1817, 1820, 1835, 1836, 1837, 1850
clouds 823, 834, 835, 839, 1002, 1041, 1044
contaminants 11, 1446
Cordillera 1364, 1366
coring 70, 338, 370, 403, 666, 1518, 1663, 1688
cosmic ray 999
Cupiit 1840, 1842

D

Denali fault 1309
Deuterium 102, 105
diet 1100, 1137, 1786

E

ecosystem(s) 387, 430, 447, 451, 455, 501, 515, 531, 541, 553, 558, 560, 562, 569, 574, 583, 595, 630, 636, 642, 643, 669, 674, 712, 1078, 1081, 1083, 1085, 1112, 1117, 1140, 1144, 1184, 1197, 1222, 1226, 1227, 1231, 1232, 1233, 1236, 1708, 1783
education 770, 1466, 1467, 1651, 1653, 1791, 1867
Eskimo(s) 1470, 1798, 1841, 1861, 1871
Eyak 1875

F

fauna 1071, 1585
firn 954, 956, 960, 963, 966, 968, 969
fish 1138, 1139, 1165, 1167, 1168, 1169, 1812
fishing 1787, 1813
flow 2, 50, 203, 204, 234, 254, 717, 718, 868, 871, 877, 880, 883, 957, 996, 1020, 1154, 1263, 1268, 1273, 1298, 1385, 1418, 1531, 1541, 1556, 1558, 1560, 1561, 1562, 1575, 1600, 1641, 1700, 1716, 1764, 1809
flux(es) 110, 174, 177, 210, 225, 227, 235, 239, 241, 295, 362, 442, 450, 452, 453, 454, 456, 457, 458, 462, 464, 474, 476, 477, 483, 485, 488, 489, 498, 500, 503, 506, 509, 511, 516, 519, 524, 528, 533, 536, 538, 551, 557, 563, 716, 733, 738, 740, 854, 873, 911, 912, 1027, 1028, 1213, 1214, 1255, 1304, 1356, 1361, 1574, 1599, 1681, 1731, 1761
forest(s) 730, 923, 978, 1113, 1118, 1186, 1190, 1196, 1390, 1540, 1652
fossil 289, 305, 384, 385, 389, 390, 407, 924, 1246, 1308, 1311, 1587
frazil ice 1501, 1503
freshwater 363, 1219, 1760

G

Geographic Information System (GIS) 469, 471, 473, 480, 482, 761, 1237, 1238
geology 1335, 1377, 1399, 1464, 1476
geomagnetic 65, 793, 831, 832, 992, 1015, 1016, 1017, 1383, 1384
Geospace Environmental Monitoring (GEM) 785, 789, 790, 814, 829
global positioning system (GPS) 1266
global warming 252, 554, 555, 620, 654, 734, 910, 971, 1076
greenhouse gases 329, 572
Greenland Ice Core Project (GRIP) 60, 76
Greenland Ice Sheet 46, 124, 160, 965, 1553, 1686
Greenland Ice Sheet Project (GISP) 1554
groundwater 1532, 1759

H

halos 887, 888, 889, 890
High Arctic 290, 291, 297, 1093, 1095, 1156, 1170, 1174, 1659
Holocene 123, 201, 395, 396, 413, 419, 427, 1534, 1536, 1548, 1552, 1710, 1762, 1766, 1768, 1769
hotspot 1677, 1678
human(s) 731, 747, 769, 927, 1082, 1130, 1409, 1478, 1747, 1781, 1785, 1803, 1806, 1807, 1808, 1810, 1811, 1814, 1818, 1821, 1822, 1839, 1851, 1852, 1872, 1873, 1884, 1886, 1887, 1888, 1889
hunting 1795

I

ice camp 211, 214
ice core(s) 37, 39, 40, 58, 64, 66, 72, 74, 75, 79, 89, 103, 107, 115, 116, 117, 118, 122, 125, 126, 128, 138, 140, 142, 143, 145, 153, 156, 159, 161, 162, 164, 165, 300, 945, 962, 967, 1250, 1280, 1281, 1282, 1507, 1509, 1510, 1515, 1516, 1517, 1549, 1568, 1572, 1644, 1647, 1648, 1682, 1819, 1838
ice sheet(s) 36, 48, 51, 53, 439, 440, 444, 1251, 1254, 1258, 1259, 1260, 1264, 1265, 1269, 1270, 1271, 1272, 1275, 1276, 1288, 1334, 1337, 1339, 1525, 1547, 1577, 1579, 1588, 1589, 1603, 1604, 1610, 1614, 1615, 1617, 1683
incoherent scatter radar (ISR) 784
indigenous 1793, 1794, 1800, 1804, 1825, 1827, 1830, 1831, 1832
induction magnetometer 786
infrared 181
Insects 1176
Institute for Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR) 1602
Instrumentation 222, 1401
Inter-American Institute (IAI) 928, 931, 932, 933, 1519
Interagency Arctic Research Policy Committee (IARPC) 15, 18, 19, 23
Intergovernmental Personnel Act (IPA) 33
International Arctic Science Committee (IASC) 30
International Geological Congress (IGC) 1398, 1400
International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) 1, 3, 4, 5
Inuit 1049, 1802, 1834
Inuktitut 1881, 1883
Inupiat 1796
ionosphere 813, 815, 816, 821, 822, 830, 1000, 1014
isotopic 78, 85, 87, 90, 306, 340, 343, 1362, 1404, 1406, 1508, 1529, 1533, 1676

J

joekulhlaups 1673

K

kelp 1092, 1097, 1098

L

lake(s) 280, 283, 287, 298, 299, 303, 308, 310, 319, 336, 339, 344, 365, 369, 397, 404, 410, 414, 415, 416, 421, 463, 713, 949, 1124, 1125, 1131, 1145, 1147, 1148, 1153, 1155, 1185, 1267, 1387, 1392, 1395, 1502, 1674, 1702, 1703, 1705, 1706, 1707, 1709
Land-Atmosphere-Ice Interactions (LAII) 460, 470, 486, 496, 517, 518, 529, 542, 545, 548, 597, 598, 599, 602, 605, 607, 609, 610, 628, 657, 660, 749
Laurentide Ice Sheet (LIS) 1256, 1287, 1292
lidar 801, 802, 804, 1003, 1006, 1009, 1011
Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) 1119, 1133, 1146, 1149, 1151
Longyearbyen Optical Station 771, 772

M

magnetometer 779, 787, 788, 795, 1667
Magnetometer Array for Cusp and Cleft Studies (MACCS) 794, 796, 797, 799, 800, 833
Magnetometer Array on the Greenland Ice Cap (MAGIC) 811, 812
magnetosphere 791, 792, 993, 994, 995, 998, 1001, 1019
Mesozoic 1365, 1375, 1378, 1380, 1381
Methane 82, 88, 484, 497

N

Nansen Arctic Drilling Program (NAD) 1690, 1691, 1692, 1693, 1694, 1695, 1696, 1697
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) 694
National Ice Core Laboratory (NICL) 1645, 1646, 1649
National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) 753
Native 1461, 1471, 1491, 1789, 1799, 1801, 1805, 1816, 1823, 1824, 1828, 1829, 1843, 1848, 1854, 1855, 1857, 1869, 1870
Northern Fur Seal 1158
Numerical models 1632
Nuxalk 1845, 1846, 1847

O

Ocean-Atmosphere-Ice Interaction (OAII) 249, 258, 261, 263, 264, 265, 267, 750
oxygen isotope 54, 57, 108, 244
ozone 776, 845, 851, 858, 859, 860, 874, 878, 881, 882, 886, 1031, 1034, 1036, 1037, 1042, 1060, 1087, 1091

P

pack ice 270, 271, 273
Paleoclimates from Arctic Lakes and Estuaries (PALE) 276, 292, 301, 314, 326, 335, 346, 348, 350, 354, 355, 357, 359, 368, 751
patterned ground 1318, 1319, 1321
peatlands 1201, 1204, 1210
permafrost 619, 647, 649, 652, 664, 670, 972, 973, 979, 981, 982, 983, 984, 986, 1142, 1202, 1206, 1207, 1328, 1330, 1407, 1410, 1412, 1413, 1416, 1419, 1420, 1432, 1435, 1437, 1438, 1440, 1442, 1443, 1444, 1512, 1513
photoplastic effect (PPE) 1526, 1527
photosynthesis 1089
Phytoplankton 1059
plants 570, 615, 735, 741, 1052, 1056, 1090, 1094, 1096, 1177, 1180, 1181, 1182, 1183, 1193, 1224, 1230
Pleistocene 47, 49, 393, 420, 1310, 1312, 1423, 1430, 1578, 1591, 1592, 1593, 1594, 1596, 1833
Polar Cap 777, 778, 987
Polar Cusp 988
polar desert(s) 1051
Polar Libraries Colloquy 6, 24, 25
Polar Research Board (PRB) 27, 28, 29, 32
pollen 281, 307, 309, 321, 323, 341, 392, 406, 411, 428, 437, 946
Project On Leading Alaska Reform in Science (POLARIS) 1465

Q

Quaternary 196, 275, 277, 284, 312, 315, 317, 351, 371, 375, 382, 386, 1248, 1261, 1332, 1338, 1370, 1546, 1576, 1580, 1583, 1687, 1689

R

radar 774, 780, 781, 783, 798, 817, 819, 820, 827, 842, 844, 997, 1004, 1005, 1007, 1008, 1010, 1012, 1013, 1018, 1314, 1496, 1497, 1498, 1499, 1616, 1618, 1621, 1622, 1624, 1626, 1627, 1629, 1630, 1631, 1633, 1634, 1635, 1637, 1638, 1640, 1642, 1792
radiation 26, 217, 825, 937, 1021, 1022, 1023, 1026, 1029, 1045, 1061, 1062, 1063, 1088
Radio echo-sounding (RES) 1605, 1606, 1607, 1608, 1609
rare-earth element (REE) 188, 191, 192
Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) 1619
research vessel 243, 1654, 1655, 1656, 1657
rock(s) 71, 1243, 1245, 1247, 1317, 1333, 1341, 1358, 1360, 1543, 1545, 1566, 1611
Rural Alaskan Sanitation Education Program 1460

S

sandpipers 1171
satellite imagery 1581, 1620, 1625
school 1468, 1469, 1472, 1473, 1474, 1494, 1788
Science Management Office (SMO) 259, 262, 600, 601, 604, 606, 608
Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) 31
sea ice 205, 212, 333, 360, 364, 837, 897, 941, 1732, 1770
sediment(s) 173, 178, 189, 193, 194, 195, 197, 198, 202, 237, 238, 240, 282, 293, 294, 296, 304, 311, 320, 337, 345, 352, 366, 400, 408, 409, 418, 424, 425, 441, 947, 1075, 1216, 1293, 1294, 1296, 1299, 1300, 1303, 1315, 1331, 1368, 1369, 1371, 1372, 1373, 1374, 1421, 1564, 1584, 1643, 1660, 1679, 1685, 1704, 1763, 1765, 1767
Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) 1495, 1500
Small Grant for Exploratory Research (SGER) 422
snow 42, 43, 45, 52, 130, 133, 134, 137, 147, 148, 149, 151, 157, 550, 584, 588, 590, 611, 612, 614, 616, 622, 623, 624, 625, 627, 840, 891, 895, 898, 901, 904, 905, 906, 958, 959, 961, 964, 974, 1046, 1417, 1528, 1550, 1567, 1569, 1573
soil organic matter (SOM) 532, 540
soil(s) 434, 438, 465, 467, 468, 478, 491, 492, 502, 510, 512, 514, 521, 523, 530, 534, 535, 537, 565, 586, 637, 648, 655, 658, 659, 663, 665, 671, 677, 678, 703, 736, 742, 977, 980, 1050, 1053, 1055, 1115, 1187, 1191, 1192, 1194, 1320, 1322, 1323, 1325, 1425, 1436, 1441, 1445, 1447, 1449, 1451, 1452, 1456, 1458
strata 1306
stratosphere 806, 808, 810, 846, 847, 852, 856
submarine 274, 1161, 1344, 1658, 1662, 1664, 1665, 1668, 1669, 1672, 1675, 1699, 1720, 1723, 1724, 1735, 1736, 1739, 1753, 1755
Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean (SHEBA) 206, 213, 215, 218, 219, 220, 221, 223, 229, 230
Swath Bathymetric Imaging System (SWABS) 1671

T

taiga 1114, 1188, 1195
tannins 1189
tectonic 1239, 1240, 1241, 1278, 1279, 1343, 1347, 1348, 1349, 1353, 1379, 1382, 1680
temperature 55, 62, 93, 97, 104, 109, 169, 182, 199, 216, 228, 232, 391, 394, 493, 494, 566, 578, 582, 587, 617, 629, 653, 697, 805, 809, 893, 900, 907, 938, 976, 985, 989, 1040, 1102, 1128, 1173, 1277, 1326, 1355, 1359, 1431, 1505, 1570, 1571, 1712, 1729, 1730
terrestrial 12, 86, 361, 388, 546, 547, 575, 675, 685, 689, 693, 710, 714, 818, 1134, 1179, 1336, 1393, 1752, 1784
Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM) 34, 35, 686, 1892
till 435, 1103, 1116, 1135, 1242, 1274, 1297, 1414, 1424, 1426, 1427, 1428, 1429, 1537, 1538, 1863
Tlingit 1874, 1876
tree-ring 925, 1539
treeline 722, 723, 726, 729
trees 921, 1178
troposphere 803, 861, 867, 872, 884, 885, 1025
tundra 405, 429, 431, 487, 513, 559, 571, 581, 592, 634, 707, 708, 743, 838, 1079, 1121, 1126, 1129, 1199, 1223, 1228, 1229, 1234, 1235, 1391

U

undergraduate 1244, 1489, 1623, 1782, 1890
University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) 1459

V

vegetation 285, 286, 332, 377, 380, 398, 412, 466, 472, 475, 479, 499, 504, 522, 589, 639, 645, 704, 715, 720, 975, 1136, 1225, 1388, 1394, 1396

W

watershed 549, 552, 1141, 1157
weather 233, 695, 990, 991, 1048, 1104, 1453
web site 1853
wetlands 81, 1211, 1215, 1217, 1218, 1220, 1221
women 1490, 1860, 1865, 1868, 1891

X

Y

Yup'ik 449, 1772, 1773, 1774, 1778, 1780, 1797, 1858, 1859, 1862, 1864, 1866, 1877, 1878, 1879, 1880

Y

Z