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Environmental Science And Engineering For The 21st Century: The Role of the National Science Foundation [NSB 00-22, February 2000]
    
CONTENTS



Title Page

National Science Board

Foreword

Acknowledg-
ments


Executive
Summary


1     Introduction

2    The Larger Context

3    Scope of
NSF's Current
Environmental
Activities


4    Input Received About Unmet Needs and Opportunities

5    Findings and
Recom-
mendations


6    Conclusion

References



Appendix A

APPENDIX B

Appendix C

Appendix D

Appendix E

Appendix F

Appendix G



Final Page



Appendix B.
LITERATURE COMPILED AND
CONSIDERED BY THE BOARD



The literature list illustrates the broad range of environmental concerns considered by the Board. Works are listed alphabetically by title, beginning with the most recent publications. Where available, the initiator/sponsor and publication information is provided to assist in locating the document. Although all documents are in the public domain, convenient access varies. The number of references on a particular issue should not be interpreted as a measure of the Board's priority for that issue.

  Title

Date

Initiator / Sponsor

Publication Information
1 Benefits of Biodiversity 1999 Council for Agricultural Science and Technology, Ames, IA http:// www.cast- science.org
2 Bioinformatics in the 21st Century 1999 NSTC: Committee on Science: Subcommittee on Biotechnology: Research Resources and Infrastructure Working Group Krasnow Institute for Advanced Study, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA
3 Bioregional Assessments: Science at the Crossroads of Management Policy 1999   K. N. Johnson, F. Swanson, M. Herring, and S. Greene, Washington, DC: Island Press
4 Designing a Report on the State of the Nation's Ecosystems 1999 Initiated by the Heinz Center. Multiple Federal and private sponsors The H. John Heinz III Center, Washington, DC; http:// www.us- ecosystems.org/
5 Discounting and Intergenerational Equity 1999   P.R. Portney and J.P. Weyant, Washington, DC: Resources for the Future
6 Ecological Risk Assessment in the Federal Government 1999 NSTC: CENR CENR/ 5-99/001
7 Environmental Engineering and Science Research Frontiers 1999 Association of Environmental Engineering and Science Professors; NSF; and The Pennsylvania State University B.E. Logan and F.S. Cannon, eds., University Park, PA: Association of Environmental Engineering Professors
8 Evolution, Science, and Society: Evolutionary Biology and the National Research Agenda 1999 A.P. Sloan Foundation and NSF Thomas R. Meagher, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey; http:// www.amnat.org/
9 Fragile Dominion, Complexity and the Commons 1999   Simon A. Levin, Cambridge: Perseus Publishing
10 Global Environmental Change: Research Pathways for the Next Decade 1999 NRC: Board on Sustainable Development Washington, DC: National Academy Press
11 Hormonally Active Agents in the Environment 1999 NRC: Commission on Life Sciences: Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology Washington, DC: National Academy Press
12 Nature's Numbers 1999 NRC: Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education: Committee on National Statistics: Panel on Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting W.D. Nordhaus and E.C. Kokkelenberg, eds., Washington, DC: National Academy Press
13 Our Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability 1999 NRC: Board on Sustainable Development Washington, DC: National Academy Press
14 Preparing Our Children: Math and Science Education in the National Interest 1999 NSB NSB 99-31; http:// www.nsf.gov/ pubs/ 1999/ nsb9931/ start.htm
15 Sharing the Fish, Toward a National Policy on Individual Fishing Quotas 1999 NRC: Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources: Ocean Studies Board Washington, DC: National Academy Press
16 Sustaining Marine Fisheries 1999 NRC: Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources: Ocean Studies Board Washington, DC: National Academy Press
17 Technology Forces at Work: Profiles of Environmental Research and Development at DuPont, Intel, Monsanto, and Xerox 1999 OSTP and RAND Science and Technology Policy Institute S. Resetar, B. Lachman, R. Lempert, and M. Pinto; RAND, Science and Technology Policy Institute; #MR-1068-OSTP; http:// www.rand.org/ publications/ MR/MR1068/
18 Toward Environmental Justice: Research, Education and Health Policy Needs 1999 IOM: Committee on Environmental Justice Washington, DC: National Academy Press
19 Towards a Sustainable America: Advancing Prosperity, Opportunity and a Healthy Environment for the 21st Century 1999 President's Council on Sustainable Development http:// www. whitehouse.gov/ PCSD/
20 Air Quality Research Subcommittee Strategic Plan 1998 NSTC: CENR CENR Executive Secretariat, 202-482-5916
21 Basic Research Needs to Achieve Sustainability: The Carbon Problem 1998 NSF and DOE P. Eisenberger, Columbia University, and M. Knotek, DOE, Conference organizers; conference held October 22-24, 1998 in Tucson, AZ
22 Community- Based Research in the United States 1998 The Loka Institute R.E. Sclove, M.L. Scammell, and B. Holland; http:// www.loka.org/ crn/pubs/ comreprt.htm
23 Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge 1998   Edward O. Wilson, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.
24 Endocrine Disruptors: Research Needs and Priorities 1998 NSTC: CENR CENR Executive Secretariat, 202-482-5916
25 Enhancing Integrated Science 1998 Ecological Society of America; Geological Society of America; U.S. Geological Survey Report of USGS Workshop; http:// www.usgs.gov/ integrated _science/
26 Entering the Century of the Environment: A New Social Contract for Science 1998   J. Lubchenco, Science 279:491
27 Excellence in Ecology: The Globalization of Ecological Thought 1998   O. Kinne, Germany: Ecology Institute
28 Federal Funds for Research and Development: FY 1996, 1997, and 1998 1998 NSF: Division of Science Resources Studies NSF 97-335, Arlington, VA
29 Food Safety, Sufficiency, and Security 1998 Council for Agricultural Science and Technology http:// www.cast- science.org/
30 Foodborne Pathogens: Review of Recommendations 1998 Council for Agricultural Science and Technology http:// www.cast- science.org/
31 Future of Ocean Chemistry in the U.S. (FOCUS) 1998 NSF Workshop report; http:// www.joss. ucar.edu/ joss_psg/ project/ oce_workshop/ focus/
32 Future of Physical Oceanography (APROPOS) 1998 NSF Workshop report; http:// www.joss. ucar.edu/ joss_psg/project/ oce_workshop/ apropos/
33 Global Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms (GEOHAB) 1998 Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission: Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research Workshop report; http:// www.phys. ocean.dal.ca/ ~jhurst/SCOR/ GEOHAB/ GEOHAB.html
34 Global Environmental Change: Research Pathways for the Next Decade 1998 NRC: Policy Division: Board on Sustainable Development: Committee on Global Change Research Washington, DC: National Academy Press
35 Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS): Prospectus 1998 1998 UNESCO: Joint Scientific and Technical Committee for the Global Ocean Observing System Paris: Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission; ISBN 0-904175- 39-1; 168 pp.
36 Hydrologic Sciences: Taking Stock and Looking Ahead 1998 NRC: Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources: Water Science and Technology Board Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 138 pp.
37 International Environmental Law and Policy 1998 University Casebook Series D. Hunter, J. Salzman, and D. Zaelke, New York: Foundation Press
38 Is Coastal Eutrophication out of Control? 1998   J. Pelly, Environmental Science & Technology 3(10):462-66
39 Linking Industrial Ecology to Public Policy: Report of a Workshop 1998 NSF C. Andrews, D. Rejeski, R. Socolow, and V. Thomas, RU/EJBS Working Paper 4; http:// policy. rutgers.edu/ projects/ ie.htm
40 Major U.S. Oceanographic Research Programs: Impacts, Legacies and the Future 1998 Marine Technology Society Marine Technology Society Journal 32(3)
41 Monitoring for Fine Particulate Matter 1998 OSTP and RAND: CTI Elisa Eiseman, Santa Monica: Critical Technologies Institute, RAND
42 Ocean Ecology: Understanding and Vision for Research (OEUVRE) 1998 NSF Workshop report; http:// www.joss. ucar.edu/joss_psg/ project/ oce_workshop/ oeuvre/report/
43 Opportunities in Ocean Sciences: Challenges on the Horizon 1998 NRC: Ocean Studies Board (Kenneth Brink, Chair) Washington, DC: National Academy Press
44 Our Changing Planet: The FY 1999 U.S. Global Change Research Program 1998 NSTC: CENR: Subcommittee on Global Change Research Washington, DC: OSTP; 130 pp.
45 Park Science: Integrating Research & Resource Management 1998 DOI: National Park Service http:// www.nature. nps.gov/ parksci/
46 Program Guide to Federally Funded Environment and Natural Resources R&D 1998 NSTC: CENR CENR Executive Secretariat, 202-482-5916 U.S. GPO
47 Protecting Our Planet, Securing Our Future: Linkages Among Global Environmental Issues and Human Needs 1998 UNEP; NASA; and the World Bank Robert Watson et al.; UNEP
48 Report of U.S. Southern Ocean GLOBEC Planning Workshop 1998 NSF Workshop report; http:// www.ccpo. odu.edu/ Research/ globec/ dcmeeting/ dcrept.html
49 Research Frontiers in Environmental Engineering 1998 NSF and Association of Environmental Engineering Professors B.E. Logan, C.R. O'Melia, and B.E. Rittman, eds., Monterey, CA: Association of Environmental Engineering Professors
50 Russian- American Initiative on Shelf- Land Environments in the Arctic (RAISE) Program Plan 1998 Arctic Research Consortium of the U.S. http:// www.arcus.org/ Publications/ index.html
51 Strategic Directions for the U.S. Geological Survey Ground- water Resources Program 1998 USGS A Report to Congress; http:// water.usgs.gov/ ogw/gwrp/ stratdir/
52 Successes, Limitations, and Frontiers in Ecosystem Science 1998   M.L. Pace and P.M. Groffman, eds., New York: Springer- Verlag; 499 pp.
53 Teaming With Life: Investing in Science to Understand and Use America's Living Capital 1998 PCAST: Panel on Biodiversity and Ecosystems http:// www. whitehouse.gov/ WH/EOP/ OSTP/ html/ OSTP_Home.html
54 The Atmospheric Sciences: Entering the Twenty- first Century 1998 NRC: Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (John Dutton, Chair) http:// www.nap. edu/books/ 0309064155/ html/R1.html
55 The Global Observing Systems 1998 ICSU http:// www.icsu.org/
56 The National Report Card on Environmental Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors: The Seventh Annual Survey of Adult Americans 1998 National Environment Education & Training Foundation and Roper Starch Worldwide http:// www.neetf.org/
57 The OECD Megascience Forum: Workshop on Global- scale Issues 1998 OECD Summary of workshop held March 4-6, 1998, in Sweden; http:// www.oecd.org/
58 The Regional Impacts of Climate Change: An Assessment of Vulnerability 1998 WMO and UNEP: IPCC R.T. Watson, M.C. Zinyowere, and R.H. Moss, eds., Cambridge University Press
59 The TOGA Decade: Reviewing the Progress of El Niño Research and Prediction 1998 American Geophysical Union D.L.T. Anderson, E.S. Sarachik, and P.J. Webster, eds., Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union, Journal of Geophysical Research
60 Toward Prediction of the Arctic System: Predicting States of the Arctic System on Seasonal- to- Century Time Scales by Integrating Observations, Process Research, Modeling, and Assessment 1998 Arctic Research Consortium of the U.S. http:// www.arcus.org/ Publications/ index.html
61 Unlocking Our Future: Toward a New National Science Policy ("Ehlers Report") 1998 U.S. House of Representatives: Committee on Science Report to Congress; http:// www.house.gov/ science/ science_policy _study.htm
62 Visions for Natural Resource Education and Ecosystem Science for the 21st Century 1998 Northwest Center for Sustainable Resources; Chemeketa Community College, Salem, OR Interim unpublished report
63 Weaving a Web of Wealth: Biological Informatics for Industry, Science, and Health 1998 Australian Academy of Science GPO Box 783, Canberra ACT 2601; ISBN 0 85847 2147
64 Year of the Ocean: Discussion Papers 1998 U.S. Federal agencies with ocean- related programs NOAA: Office of the Chief Scientist (W.S. Wilson, Coordinator)
65 A Research Programme on Climate Variability and Predictability for the 21st Century (CLIVAR) 1997 ICSU: World Climate Research Programme (H. Grassl, Director) World Climate Research Programme No. 101, WMO/TD No. 853, ICPO No.10
66 Arctic Pollution Issues: A State of the Arctic Environment Report 1997 Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme http:// www.grida.no/ amap/
67 Atmospheric Nitrogen Deposition to Coastal Wetlands 1997 Ecological Society of America: Sustainable Biosphere Initiative Workshop report; http:// esa.sdsc.edu/ sbindep1.htm
68 Building a Foundation for Sound Environmental Decisions 1997 NRC Washington, DC: National Academy Press
69 Climate Change: State of Knowledge 1997 OSTP http:// www.whitehouse.gov/ WH/EOP/ OSTP/ html/ OSTP_Home.html
70 Climate, Ecology, and Human Health 1997 NOAA; NASA; and NSF Paul R. Epstein, Consequences 3(2); http:// www.gcrio.org/ CONSEQUENCES/ introCON.html
71 Contribution of Animal Products to Healthful Diets 1997 Council for Agricultural Science and Technology http:// www.cast- science.org/
72 Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Units: Concept Paper 1997 Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Units: Implementation Working Group Gary Machlis, Chair
73 Critical Issues in K-12 Environmental Education 1997 Morgan State University: EPA Teacher Institute Unpublished workshop report, July 11, 1997
74 East Central Europe: An Environment in Transition 1997   J.L. Schnoor, J.N. Galloway, and B. Moldan, Environmental Science & Technology 31(9): 412-416
75 Environmentally Significant Consumption: Research Directions 1997 NRC: Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change P.C. Stern, T. Dietz, V.W. Ruttan, R.H. Socolow, and J.L. Sweeney, eds., Washington, DC: National Academy Press
76 Federal Energy Research and Development for the Challenges of the 21st Century 1997 PCAST OSTP; http:// www.whitehouse.gov/ WH/EOP/ OSTP/ html/ OSTP_Home.html
77 Federal Environmental Research and Development: Status Report With Recommendations 1997 Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government (David Z. Robinson, Task Force Chair) Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology and Government, Memorandum Author: Dan Sarewitz. Washington, DC; 25 pp.
78 From Classroom to Community and Beyond: Educating for a Sustainable Future 1997 President's Council on Sustainable Development: Public Linkage, Dialogue, and Eductation Task Force http:// www.whitehouse.gov/ PCSD/
79 Fuels Decarbonization and Carbon Sequestration: Report of a Workshop 1997 DOE Robert Socolow, ed., Report No. 302; Princeton: Center for Energy & Environmental Studies, Princeton University; http:// www.princeton.edu/ ~ceesdoe/
80 Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics (GLOBEC) Science Plan 1997 ICSU: Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research The International Geosphere- Biosphere Programme Report 40; B.J. Rothschild, Chair
81 Human Alteration of the Global Nitrogen Cycle: Causes and Consequences 1997 Ecological Society of America Issues in Ecology, No. 1 (Spring); http:// www.sdsc.edu/ ~ESA/
82 Integrating the Nation's Environmental Monitoring and Research Networks and Programs: A Proposed Framework 1997 NSTC: CENR: Environmental Monitoring Team (M. Ruggiero and D. Scavia, Team Leaders) CENR Executive Secretariat, 202-482-5916
83 Lessons From the Montreal Protocol 1997 Environment Canada Colloquium findings; http:// www.ec.gc.ca/ ozone/ tenthann/ coll_e.htm
84 Linking Sustainable Community Activities to Pollution Prevention: A Sourcebook 1997 OSTP and RAND: CTI Beth E. Lachman, Critical Technologies Institute, RAND
85 Modeling the Arctic System 1997 Arctic Research Consortium of the U.S. http:// www.arcus.org/ Publications/ index.html
86 Nature's Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems 1997   Gretchen C. Daily, Washington, DC: Island Press
87 Organizing for Research and Development in the 21st Century 1997 NSF and DOE P.M. Eisenberger, A.R. Faust, and M. Knotek, eds., Princeton: Princeton Materials Institute, Princeton University. http:// pmi.princeton. edu/
88 Our Changing Climate 1997 NOAA and UCAR Reports to the Nation, NOAA Office of Global Programs and UCAR
89 People and the Arctic: A Prospectus for Research on the Human Dimensions of the Arctic System 1997 Arctic Research Consortium of the U.S. http:// www.arcus.org/ Publications/ index.html
90 Science & Engineering Degrees 1966-1995 1997 NSF: Division of Science Resources Studies NSF 97-335, Arlington, VA; http:// www.nsf.gov/sbe/ srs/nsf97335/ start.htm
91 Science and Technology Shaping the Twenty- first Century 1997 OSTP Report to Congress; http:// www.whitehouse.gov/ WH/EOP/ OSTP/html/ OSTP_Home.html
92 The Global Ocean Observing System: Users, Benefits, and Priorities 1997 NRC: Ocean Studies Board Washington, DC: National Academy Press
93 The Microbial World: Foundation of the Biosphere 1997 NSF; NOAA; DOE; and American Society for Microbiology Colloquium report of the American Academy of Microbiology; J.T. Staley, R.W. Castenholz, R.R. Colwell, J.G. Holt, M.D. Kane, N.R. Pace, A.A. Salyers, and J.M. Tiedje; 32 pp.
94 Valuing Ground Water: Economic Concepts and Approaches 1997 NRC: Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Water (L.W. Canter, Chair) Washington, DC: National Academy Press
95 A Geography of Hope: America's Private Land 1996 USDA: Natural Resources Conservation Service USDA Program Aid 1548 (C. Cox and M. Schnepf, Project Managers)
96 A Plan for a Research Program on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change 1996 NRC: Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate Washington, DC: National Academy Press
97 An International Programme of Biodiversity Science: Operational Plan 1996 DIVERSITAS http:// www.icsu.org/ DIVERSITAS/ Plan/ index.html
98 Climate Change and Human Health 1996 WHO; WMO; and UNEP A.J. McMichael, A. Haines, R. Sloof, and S. Kovats, Geneva
99 Common Future for Long- Term Ecological Research, Land Margin Ecosystem Research and Joint Global Ocean Flux Study 1996 NSF Workshop report; http:// atlantic.evsc. virginia.edu/ ~bph/LTER_LMER/ NSFreport.html
100 Ecological Resource Monitoring: Change and Trend Detection 1996 Ecological Society of America: Sustainable Biosphere Initiative Workshop report; http:// esa.sdsc.edu/ sbi_bull8.htm
101 Ecologically Based Pest Management, New Solutions for a New Century 1996 NRC: Board on Agriculture: Committee on Pest and Pathogen Control Through Management of Biological Control Agents and Enhanced Cycles and Natural Processes Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 144 pp.
102 Freshwater Ecosystems: Revitalizing Educational Programs in Limnology ("Brezonik Report") 1996 NRC: Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources: Water Science and Technology Board: Committee on Inland Aquatic Ecosystems (P. Brezonik, Chair) Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 364 pp.
103 Frontiers of Illusion, Science, Technology, and the Politics of Progress 1996   Daniel Sarewitz, Philadelphia: Temple University Press
104 FUMAGES: Future of Marine Geology and Geophysics 1996 NSF and ONR: Coastal Dynamics Program Workshop report (P. Baker and M. McNutt, compilers); http:// www.joss.ucar. edu/joss_psg/ project/ oce_workshop/ fumages/
105 Functional Roles of Biodiversity: A Global Perspective. SCOPE 55 1996 SCOPE H.A. Mooney, J.H. Cushman, E. Medina, O.E. Sala, and E-D Schulze, Chichester: John Wiley
106 Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems 1996 International Geosphere- Biosphere Programme and ICSU B. Walker and W. Steffen, UK: Cambridge University Press
107 Global Change: Effects on Coniferous Forests and Grasslands. SCOPE 56 1996 SCOPE A.I. Breymeyer, D.O. Hall, J.M. Melillo, and G.I. Agren, Chichester: John Wiley
108 Global Climate Change & Sustainability: Enhancing the Policy/Science Dialogue 1996 Dutch & U.S. Governments Proceedings of the 27th International Conference of the International Simulation & Gaming Association; J.H.G. Klabbers, C. Bernabo, B. Moomaw, T. Carter, S.P. Hammond, and M. Hisschemoller
109 Grazing on Public Lands 1996 Council for Agricultural Science and Technology http:// www.cast- science.org/
110 Integrated Animal Waste Management 1996 Council for Agricultural Science and Technology http:// www.cast- science.org/
111 Linking Science & Technology to Society's Environmental Goals ("Ahearne- Stever Report") 1996 NRC: Policy Division: Committee on the National Forum on Science and Technology Goals: Environment Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 530 pp.
112 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) 1996 NAPAP Report to Congress, Washington, DC: U.S. GPO
113 Natural Disaster Reduction: A Plan for the Nation 1996 NSTC: CENR: Subcommittee on Natural Disaster Reduction CENR Executive Secretariat, 202-482-5916
114 Nitrogen Cycling in the North Atlantic Ocean and Its Watersheds 1996 SCOPE Robert W. Howarth, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers
115 Nuclear Science: A Long Range Plan 1996 DOE/NSF Nuclear Science Advisory Committee http:// pubweb.bnl. gov/~nsac/
116 Oceans 2000: Bridging the Millennia: Partnerships for Stakeholders in the Oceans 1996 Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education (CORE) Interagency Partnership Initiative, CORE, 1755 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Suite 800, Washington, DC 20036- 2102; core@brook.edu
117 Particle Flux in the Ocean. SCOPE 57 1996 SCOPE V. Ittekkot, P. Schafer, S. Honjo, and P.J. Depetris, Chichester: John Wiley
118 Sustainable America: A New Consensus for Prosperity, Opportunity, and a Healthy Environment for the Future 1996 President's Council on Sustainable Development D.T. Buzzelli and J. Lash, Co-chairs; Washington, DC: U.S. GPO; ISBN 0-16- 048529-0
119 The MATE Forum: Critical Issues in Marine Advanced Technology Education 1996   MATE Center, Monterey Peninsula College, 980 Fremont Street, Monterey, CA 93940; 831-645- 1393; info@ marinetech.org
120 U.S. GLOBEC Northeast Pacific Implementation Plan 1996 NSF http:// cbl.umces.edu/ fogarty/ usglobec/ reports/ rep17/ nepip. contents.html
121 Understanding Our Planet 1996 ICSU http:// www.icsu.org/
122 Upstream: Salmon and Society in the Pacific Northwest 1996 NRC: Board on Environmental Science and Technology Washington, DC: National Academy Press
123 Vision to 2001: Science and Technology for Canada's Future 1996 National Research Council Canada http:// www.nrc.ca/ corporate/ english/ tools/ nrcvise.pdf
124 Wetland and Aquatic Ecosystem Research: Science Plan 1996 European Commission: Directorate General XII: Science, Research & Development Workshop report: EUR 17452; H.J. Laanbroek, E. Maltby, P. Whitehead, B. Faafeng, H. Barth, eds.
125 When We Don't Know the Costs or the Benefits: Adaptive Strategies for Abating Climate Change 1996   R.J. Lempert, M.E. Schlesinger, and S.C. Bankes, Climactic Change 33:235-74
126 Allocating Federal Funds for Science and Technology 1995 National Academy of Sciences; National Academy of Engineering; IOM; NRC: Committee on Criteria for Federal Support of Research and Development Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 97 pp.
127 Arctic Ocean Research and Supporting Facilities: National Needs and Goals 1995 NRC: Ocean Studies Board Washington, DC: National Academy Press
128 Basic Research Needs for Vehicles of the Future 1995 NSF; DOE; Chrysler; Ford; and GM P.M. Eisenberger, ed., Princeton: Princeton Materials Institute, Princeton University; http:// pmi. princeton.edu/
129 Beyond the Horizon: Using Foresight to Protect the Environmental Future 1995 EPA Science Advisory Board: Environmental Futures Committee EPA-SAB- EC-95-007, Washington, DC
130 Biotechnology for the 21st Century: New Horizons 1995 NSTC: Committee on Fundamental Science: Biotechnology Research Subcommittee Washington, DC: OSTP; 89 pp.
131 Bridge to a Sustainable Future 1995 NSTC Washington, DC: U.S. GPO; 87 pp.
132 Building a Scientific Basis to Ensure the Vitality and Productivity of U.S. Ecosystems 1995 NSTC: CENR: Ecosystem Working Group http:// www.cop. noaa.gov/ pubs/ ewgfn2.txt
133 Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms (ECOHAB): A National Research Agenda 1995 NSF and NOAA Workshop report; Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
134 Enhancing the Effectiveness of Research to Assist International Climate Change Policy Development 1995 Dutch National Research Programme on Global Air Pollution and Climate Change C. Bernabo, M. Hisschemoller, and J. Klabbers, Report No. 410 100 090, NRP Programme Office
135 Extinction Rates 1995   J.H. Lawton and R.M. May, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press
136 Global Biodiversity Assessment 1995 UNEP V.H. Heywood and R.T. Watson, UK: Cambridge University Press
137 Islands, Biological Diversity and Ecosystem Function 1995 SCOPE P.M. Vitousek, L.L. Loope, and H. Adsersen, Berlin: Springer Verlag
138 Managing Global Genetic Resources (4 vols.) 1995 National Academy of Sciences Washington, DC: National Academy Press
139 Methods to Assess the Effects of Chemicals on Ecosystems. SCOPE 53 1995 SCOPE R.A. Linthurst, P. Bourdeau, and R.G. Tardiff, Chichester: John Wiley
140 Microbial Diversity and Ecosystem Function 1995 UNEP (sponsor) and other international organizations D. Allsopp, R.R. Colwell, and D.L. Hawksworth, UK: CAB International
141 Molecular Biology in Marine Science: Scientific Questions, Technological Approaches, and Practical Implications 1995 NRC: Ocean Studies Board Washington, DC: National Academy Press
142 NSF in a Changing World: The National Science Foundation's Strategic Plan 1995 NSF NSF 95-24, Arlington, VA. http:// www.nsf.gov/ cgi-bin/ getpub?nsf9524
143 Partnering to Build a Quality Workforce: Critical Issues in Environmental Technology Education at Two- Year Colleges 1995 NSF Report on national forum; http:// ateec. eiccd.cc.ia.us/ ci1.html
144 Phosphorus in the Global Environment. SCOPE 54 1995 SCOPE Holm Tiessen, Chichester: John Wiley
145 Preparing for the Future Through Science and Technology: An Agenda for Environmental and Natural Resources Research 1995 NSTC: CENR CENR Executive Secretariat, 202-482-5916
146 Priorities for Coastal Ecosystem Science 1995 NRC: Ocean Studies Board Washington, DC: National Academy Press
147 Research Restructuring and Assessment: Can We Apply the Corporate Experience to Government Agencies? 1995 NRC: Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics and Applications Workshop report; Washington, DC: National Academy Press
148 Science and the Endangered Species Act 1995 NRC: Board on Environmental Science and Technology Washington, DC: National Academy Press
149 Science, Policy, and the Coast: Improving Decisionmaking 1995 NRC: Ocean Studies Board Washington, DC: National Academy Press
150 Setting a New Course for U.S. Coastal Ocean Science 1995 NSTC: CENR: Subcommittee on U.S. Coastal Ocean Science CENR Executive Secretariat, 202-482-5916
151 Sustainable Agriculture and the 1995 Farm Bill 1995 Council for Agricultural Science and Technology http:// www.cast- science.org/
152 The Conservation Reserve: A Survey of Research and Interest Groups 1995 Council for Agricultural Science and Technology http:// www.cast- science.org/
153 The Ecosystem Approach: Healthy Ecosystems and Sustainable Economies, Vol. 1-Overview 1995 Interagency Ecosystem Management Task Force NTIS, U.S. DOC, PB95- 265583
154 The Ecosystem Approach: Healthy Ecosystems and Sustainable Economies, Vol. 2-Implementation Issues 1995 Interagency Ecosystem Management Task Force NTIS, U.S. DOC, PB95- 265591
155 The Freshwater Imperative Research Agenda 1995 NSF R.J. Naiman, J.J. Magnuson, D.M. McKnight, and J.A. Stanford, eds., Washington, DC: Island Press; 165 pp.
156 The Population- Environment Connection: What Does It Mean for Environmental Policy? 1995 EPA: Office of Policy Planning and Evaluation C.E. Orians and M. Skumanich, Seattle: Battelle Seattle Research Center
157 Understanding Marine Biodiversity: A Research Agenda for the Nation 1995 NRC: Ocean Studies Board: Board on Biology: Committee on Biological Diversity in Marine Systems Washington, DC: National Academy Press
158 Waste Management and Utilization in Food Production and Processing 1995 Council for Agricultural Science and Technology http:// www.cast- science.org/
159 Assigning Economic Value to Natural Resources 1994 NRC: Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources; and Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education Washington, DC: National Academy Press
160 Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Science—An Investment in the Future 1994 NRC Washington, DC: National Academy Press
161 Biochemistry of Small Catchments: A Tool for Environmental Research. SCOPE 51 1994 SCOPE B. Moldan and J. Cerny, Chichester: John Wiley
162 Changes in Land Use and Land Cover: A Global Perspective 1994   W.B. Meyer and B.L. Turner II, UK: Cambridge University Press
163 Defining Soil Quality for a Sustainable Environment 1994 American Society of Agronomy; Crop Science Society of America; and Soil Science Society of America SSSA Special Publication #35. http:// www.asa- cssa-sssa.org/
164 El Niño and Climate Prediction 1994 NOAA and UCAR Reports to the Nation (Spring); http:// hilo.pmel. noaa.gov/ toga-tao/ el-nino- report.html
165 Environmental Science in the Coastal Zone 1994 NRC: Water Science and Technology Board Washington, DC: National Academy Press
166 Foodborne Pathogens: Risks and Consequences 1994 Council for Agricultural Science and Technology http:// www.cast- science.org/
167 How Much Land Can Ten Billion People Spare for Nature? 1994 Council for Agricultural Science and Technology http:// www.cast- science.org/
168 Implications of the Convention on Biological Diversity: Management of Animal Genetic Resources and the Conservation of Domestic Animal Diversity 1994 UN Food and Agriculture Organization: Informal Working Group: Animal Production and Health Division M.S. Strauss, ed., Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science
169 Life in the Soil: Soil Biodiversity: Its Importance to Ecosystem Processes 1994 NSF and UK Natural Environment Research Council Workshop report; Diana W. Freckman, ed., Colorado State University; 24 pp.
170 Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology 1994 NRC: Marine Board Washington, DC: National Academy Press
171 Science and Judgment in Risk Assessment 1994 NRC: Board on Environmental Science and Technology Washington, DC: National Academy Press
172 Scientific Plan for a Regional Research Programme in the Arctic on Global Change 1994 NRC: Polar Research Board Washington, DC: National Academy Press
173 Solar Influences on Global Change 1994 NRC: Board on Sustainable Development Washington, DC: National Academy Press
174 Strategies and Mechanisms for Field Research in Environmental Bioremediation 1994 Oak Ridge National Laboratory Colloquium report of the American Academy of Microbiology; R.V. Miller & J.S. Poindexter
175 Systematics Agenda 2000 1994 NSF J. Cracraft, M. Denton, H. Eshbaugh, M. Novacek, and N. Platnick, Co-chairs; 34 pp.
176 Technology for a Sustainable Future 1994 NSTC Washington, DC: U.S. GPO; 154 pp.
177 Ten-Year Review of the NSF Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) Program 1994 NSF: Biological Sciences Directorate Arlington, VA
178 The Long View 1994 NSF: Directorate for Engineering Arlington, VA
179 The National Biodiversity Information Center 1994 The National Biodiversity Information Center Advisory Planning Board Thomas Lovejoy, Chair
180 The Role of Terrestrial Ecosystems in Global Change: A Plan for Action 1994 NRC: Board on Sustainable Development Washington, DC: National Academy Press
181 Valuing the Environment: Proceedings of the First Annual International Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Development 1994 The World Bank Environmentally Sustainable Development Proceedings Series No. 2, Washington, DC
182 A Biological Survey for the Nation ("Raven Report") 1993 NRC: Commission on the Formation of the National Biological Survey: Committee on the Formation of the National Biological Survey Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 205 pp.
183 A Proposal for a National Institute for the Environment: Need, Rationale, Structure 1993 CNIE Washington, DC
184 Agricultural Ecosystem Effects on Trace Gases and Global Climate Change 1993 American Society of Agronomy; Crop Science Society of America; and Soil Science Society of America ASA Special Publication #55 http:// www.asa-cssa- sssa.org/
185 Assessment of the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Studies Program. IV: Lessons and Opportunities 1993 NRC: Board on Environmental Science and Technology Washington, DC: National Academy Press
186 Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function, Ecological Studies Vol. 99 1993 SCOPE E-D Schulze and H.A. Mooney, Berlin: Springer Verlag
187 Biodiversity in Marine Systems: A Proposed National Research Initiative 1993 NSF Workshop report; C.A. Butman, J.T. Carlton, organizers, Denver
188 Biodiversity on Private Lands 1993 President's Commission on Environmental Quality: Biodiversity Steering Committee Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President
189 Biotechnology for the 21st Century: Realizing the Promise 1993 FCCSET: Committee on Life Sciences and Health: Biotechnology Research Subcommittee Washington, DC: OSTP; 90 pp.
190 Biotic Interactions and Global Change 1993   P.M. Kareiva, J.G. Kingsolver, and R.B. Huey, Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates Inc.
191 Choosing a Sustainable Future 1993 World Wildlife Fund National Commission on the Environment, Washington, DC: Island Press
192 Compass and Gyroscope: Integrating Science and Politics for the Environment 1993   Kai N. Lee, Washington, DC: Island Press
193 Earth System Responses to Global Change: Contrasts Between North and South America 1993   H.A. Mooney, E.R. Fuentes, and B.I. Kronberg, San Diego: Academic Press
194 Global Marine Biological Diversity: A Strategy for Building Conservation into Decision Making 1993 Center for Marine Conservation; World Conservation Union; World Wildlife Fund; UNEP; and the World Bank E.A. Norse, ed., Washington, DC: Island Press; 383 pp.
195 Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under the National Environmental Policy Act 1993 President's Council on Environmental Quality; EPA; DOD; DOI; and DOT R. O'Malley, L. Langstaff, and M. Southerland
196 National Center for Ecological Synthesis: Scientific Objectives, Structure, and Implementation 1993 Ecological Society of America; Association of Ecosystem Research Centers Joint committee report; S.R. Carpenter, ed.
197 National Center for Synthesis in Ecology: A Design Study 1993 NSF Unpublished workshop report
198 New Perspectives on Environmental Education and Research: A Report on the University Colloquium on Environmental Research and Education 1993 Sigma Xi Research Triangle Park, NC
199 Norway/UNEP Expert Conference on Biodiversity: Proceedings 1993 Norwegian Ministry of Environment and UNEP O.T. Sandlund and P.J. Schei, eds., Trondheim, Norway
200 Radioecology After Chernobyl: Biogeochemical Pathways of Artificial Radionuclides. SCOPE 50 1993 SCOPE Sir Frederick Warner and R.M. Harrison, Chichester: John Wiley
201 Report of the NSB/CPP Task Force on the Environment 1993 National Science Board: Committee on Programs and Plans NSB/ ENV 93-9, Arlington, VA: NSF
202 Report of the Technology and Sustainable Development Workshop 1993 NSF Program for Environmental Engineering Education and Research Publication No. 94-1: MIT
203 Research Opportunities in Oceanic Biology 1993 NRC: Ocean Studies Board Washington, DC: National Academy Press
204 Research Opportunities in Remote Sensing 1993 NRC: Ocean Studies Board Washington, DC: National Academy Press
205 Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment ("Corson Report") 1993 NRC: Commission on Life Sciences: Committee on Environmental Research Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 242 pp.
206 Risk and the Environment: Improving Regulatory Decision Making 1993 Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government http:// www.carnegie.org/ science_tech/ reg.txt
207 Science and Stewardship in the Antarctic 1993 NRC: Polar Research Board Washington, DC: National Academy Press
208 Science, Technology, and the Federal Government: National Goals for a New Era ("Griffiths Report") 1993 National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, IOM: Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 54 pp.
209 Statistics and Physical Oceanography 1993 NRC: Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics: Panel on Statistics and Oceanography Washington, DC: National Academy Press
210 Understanding and Predicting Atmospheric Chemical Change 1993 NRC: Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate Washington, DC: National Academy Press
211 A Science and Technology Agenda for the Nation: Recommendations for the President and Congress 1992 Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government New York; 37 pp.
212 An Agenda of Science for Environment and Development Into the 21st Century (ASCEND 21) 1992 ICSU http:// www.icsu.org/
213 Assessment of the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Studies Program. II: Ecology 1992 NRC: Board on Environmental Science and Technology Washington, DC: National Academy Press
214 Biotechnology and Genetic Resources 1992 U.S.- European Community Task Force on Biotechnology Research Workshop report; October, Airlie, VA
215 Enabling the Future: Linking Science & Technology to Societal Goals 1992 Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government: Task Force on Establishing and Achieving Long- Term Goals H.G. Stever, Chair, New York; 72 pp.
216 Environmental Research and Development: Strengthening the Federal Infrastructure 1992 Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government: Task Force on the Organization of Federal Environmental R&D Programs R.W. Fri and H.G. Stever, Co-chairs, New York; 143 pp.
217 EPA's Research Agenda: Strengthening Science for Environmental Decisions 1992 EPA Washington, DC
218 Federal Funding of Environmental R&D 1992 American Association for the Advancement of Science: Directorate for Science and Policy Programs K.M. Gramp, A.H. Teich, and S.D. Nelson, AAAS Pub. No. 92-48S, Washington, DC; 72 pp.
219 Federal Ground- Water Science and Technology Programs 1992 FCCSET: Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences: Subcommittee on Water Resources S. Ragone (USGS), Chair
220 Federal Research on Environmental Biology 1992 FCCSET: Committee on Life Sciences and Health: Subcommittee on Environmental Biology M.E. Clutter (NSF), Chair; 72 pp.
221 Global Environmental Change: Understanding the Human Dimensions 1992 NRC: Commission on the Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education: Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change P.C. Stern, O.R. Young, and D. Druckman, eds., Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 308 pp.
222 Methods to Assess Adverse Effects on Pesticides on Non- target Organisms. SCOPE 49 1992 SCOPE Robert G. Tardiff, Chichester: John Wiley
223 Oceanography in the Next Decade: Building New Partnerships 1992 NRC: Ocean Studies Board C. Wunsch, Chair, Washington, DC: National Academy Press
224 Our Living Oceans: Report on the Status of U.S. Living Marine Resources 1992 NOAA: National Marine Fisheries Service NOAA Technical Memo NMFS- F/SPO-2, Washington, DC
225 Our Ozone Shield 1992 NOAA and UCAR Reports to the Nation, No.2 (Fall); http:// newnos.nos. noaa.gov/ ogp/ OGPFront/ mono2.html
226 Population, Technology, and Lifestyle 1992   R. Goodland, H.E. Daly, and S.E. Serafy, eds., Washington, DC: Island Press
227 Predicting Our Weather: A Strategic Plan for the U.S. Weather Research Program 1992 FCCSET: Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences: Subcommittee on Atmospheric Research Washington, DC: OSTP; 36 pp.
228 Preparing U.S. Agriculture for Global Climate Change 1992 Council for Agricultural Science and Technology P. Waggoner, Chair, Task Force Report No. 119; http:// www.cast- science.org
229 Report of a Workshop for a National Park Service Ecological Research Program 1992 National Park Service Unpublished report
230 Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems: Science, Technology, & Public Policy ("Cairns Report") 1992 NRC: Commission on Geoscience, Environment, and Resources: Water Science and Technology Board: Committee on Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 552 pp.
231 Safeguarding the Future: Credible Science, Credible Decisions 1992 EPA R.C. Loehr, Chair, Expert Panel Report; EPA/ 600/9- 91/050, Washington, DC
232 Science and the National Parks 1992 NRC: Board on Environmental Science and Technology Washington, DC: National Academy Press
233 Science, Technology, and the States in America's Third Century 1992 Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government P. Firth and S. Fiske, eds., Washington, DC
234 Soil and Water Quality: An Agenda for Agriculture 1992 NRC: Board on Agriculture Washington, DC: National Academy Press
235 Sulphur Cycling on the Continents, Wetlands, Terrestrial Ecosystems, and Associated Water Bodies. SCOPE 48 1992 SCOPE R.W. Howarth, J.W.B. Stewart, and M.V. Ivanov, Chichester: John Wiley
236 The Atmospheric Sciences in the 1990s: Accomplishments, Challenges, and Imperatives 1992   J.A. Dutton, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 73(10): 1549- 62
237 The Atmospheric Sciences: Entering the Twenty- first Century 1992 NRC: Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate Washington, DC: National Academy Press
238 Water Quality: Agriculture's Role 1992 Council for Agricultural Science and Technology http:// www.cast- science.org/
239 A Sustainable Biosphere: The Global Imperative 1991 MacArthur Foundation and Universidad Autonoma de Mexico B.J. Huntley et.al., Ecology International 20:1- 14
240 Biogeochemistry: An Analysis of Global Change 1991 William H. Schlesinger, San Diego: Academic Press
241 Ecosystem Experiments. SCOPE 45 1991 SCOPE H. Mooney, E. Medina, D. Schindler, E-D Schulze, and B. Walker, Chichester: John Wiley
242 Environmental Engineering Education in the Year 2000 1991 NSF; American Academy of Environmental Engineers; Association of Environmental Engineering Professors; and Western Region Hazardous Substance Research Center K.J. Williamson and M.R. Miller, eds., NSF 91- 98
243 Federally Funded Research: Decisions for a Decade 1991 Office of Technology Assessment Washington, DC: U.S. GPO
244 From Genes to Ecosystems: A Research Agenda for Biodiversity 1991 SCOPE- UNESCO supported by NSF and U.S. Committee for the MAB Program Workshop report; Otto T. Solbrig, ed., Paris: International Union of Biological Sciences; 124 pp.
245 Implementation: Science and Technology 1991 Sigma Xi J.H. Gibbons, in Global Change and the Human Prospect: Issues in Population, Science, Technology and Equity, Sigma Xi Forum Proceedings, Research Triangle Park, NC: Sigma Xi, pp. 183- 201
246 Justification and Criteria for the Monitoring of Ultraviolet Radiation 1991 National Research Initiative Competitive Grants Program; USDA Cooperative State Research Service; Colorado State University J.H. Gibbons, coordinator; Ft. Collins, CO: Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University
247 Long- term Ecological Research: An International Perspective. SCOPE 47 1991 SCOPE Paul G. Risser, Chichester: John Wiley
248 Opportunities and Priorities in Arctic Geoscience 1991 NRC: Commission on Geosciences: Committee on Arctic Solid- Earth Geosciences Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 67 pp.
249 Opportunities in the Hydrologic Sciences ("Eagleson Report") 1991 NRC: Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources; NRC: Water Science and Technology Board: Committee on Opportunities in the Hydrologic Sciences P. Eagleson, Chair, Washington, DC: National Academy Press
250 Technology Development in the LTER Network: Status Report on GIS, Remote Sensing, Internet Connectivity, Archival Storage & Global Positioning Systems 1991 NSF D. Foster and E. Boose, LTER Pub. No. 12, Seattle: LTER Network Office
251 The Sustainable Biosphere Initiative 1991   J. Lubchenco et al., Ecology 72(2): 371- 412
252 The Uses of Ecology: Lake Washington and Beyond 1991   W.T. Edmondson, Seattle: University of Washington Press
253 Transforming Technology: An Agenda for Environmentally Sustainable Growth in the 21st Century 1991 World Resources Institute G. Heaton, R. Repetto, and R. Sobin, Washington, DC
254 1990's Global Change Action Plan: Utilizing a Network of Ecological Research Sites 1990 NSF Workshop report; Seattle: LTER Network Office, University of Washington
255 Climate Change: The IPCC Scientific Assessment 1990 IPCC Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press
256 Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response 1990 NSF and U.S. Forest Service LTER workshop report; D. Greenland and L.W. Swift, Jr., eds.
257 Conserving the World's Biological Diversity 1990 IUCN; WRI; CI; WWF-US; and the World Bank J.A. McNeely, K.R. Miller, W.V. Reid, et al., Washington, DC
258 Ecological Impacts of Federal Conservation and Cropland Reduction Progrms 1990 Council for Agricultural Science and Technology http:// www.cast- science.org/
259 Forestry Research: A Mandate for Change 1990 NRC Washington, DC: National Academy Press
260 Global Stewardship: A Review of the Context and Challenges Facing Science and Economics Research Related to Global Change 1990 NRC Proceedings of a White House conference, Washington, DC: National Academy Press
261 Reducing Risk: Setting Priorities and Strategies for Environmental Protection 1990 EPA Science Advisory Board SAB- EC- 90- 021, Washington, DC: EPA
262 The Preservation and Valuation of Biological Resources 1990   G.H. Orians, G.M. Brown, Jr., W.E. Kunin, and J.E. Swierzbinski, eds., Seattle: University of Washington Press
263 Arctic Social Science: An Agenda for Action 1989 NRC: Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources: Polar Research Board: Committee on Arctic Social Sciences Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 75 pp.
264 Biological Invasions: A Global Perspective. SCOPE 37 1989 SCOPE J.A. Drake, H. Mooney, F. di Castri, R.H. Groves, F.J. Kruger, M. Rejmanek, and M. Williamson, Chichester: John Wiley
265 Ecotoxicology: Problems and Approaches 1989   S.A. Levin, M.A. Harwell, J.R. Kelly, and K.D. Kimball, Berlin: Springer Verlag
266 Environmental Accounting for Sustainable Development 1989 The World Bank Y.J. Ahmad, S.E. Serafy, and E. Lutz, eds., Washington, DC
267 Global Change and Our Common Future: Papers From a Forum 1989 NRC: Committee on Global Change R.S. DeFries and T.F. Malone, eds., Washington, DC: National Academy Press
268 Intellectual Property Rights Associated With Plants 1989 American Society of Agronomy; Crop Science Society of America; and Soil Science Society of America ASA Special Publication #52; http:// www.asa- cssa- sssa.org/
269 Investing in Research: A Proposal to Strengthen the Agricultural, Food, and Environmental System 1989 NRC: Board on Agriculture Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 155 pp.
270 Loss of Biological Diversity: A Global Crisis Requiring International Solutions 1989 NSB: Committee on International Science: Task Force on Global Biodiversity C.C. Black, Chair; NSB- 89- 171, Arlington, VA: NSF; 19 pp.
271 Opportunities in Biology 1989 NRC: Commission on Life Sciences: Board on Biology: Committee on Research Opportunities in Biology Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 448 pp.
272 Research Priorities for Conservation Biology 1989 NSF and University of Michigan M.E. Soule and K.A. Kohm, eds.; Society for Conservation Biology
273 Chemistry and the Environment 1988 NSF: Chemistry Division J.W. Frost, and D.M. Golden, eds.
274 Cross- disciplinary Research in the Statistical Sciences 1988 NSF I. Olkin and J. Sacks, Co-chairs; Institute of Mathematical Statistics
275 Future Risk: Research Strategies for the 1990s 1988 EPA Science Advisory Board SAB- EC-88- 040, Washington, DC: EPA
276 Research Priorities for Single Species Conservation Biology 1988 NSF and National Zoological Park Workshop report; D.E. Wildt and U.S. Seal, eds.
277 Water 2020: Sustainable Use for Water in the 21st Century 1988 Science Council of Canada G.A.K. Wallace, Chair; Report 40; ISBN 0-662- 16220-X
278 Directions in Engineering Research: An Assessment of Opportunities and Needs 1987 NRC: Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems: Engineering Research Board Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 331 pp.
279 Environmental Impacts on Human Health: The Agenda for Long- term Research and Development 1987 President's Council on Environmental Quality S. Draggan, J.J. Cohrssen, and R.E. Morrison, eds., Praeger Publishers, ISBN 0- 275- 92338- X; 228 pp.
280 Environmental Monitoring, Assessment and Management: The Agenda for Long- term Research and Development 1987 President's Council on Environmental Quality S. Draggan, J.J. Cohrssen, and R.E. Morrison, eds., Praeger Publishers, ISBN 0-275- 92336- 3; 128 pp.
281 Geochemical and Hydrologic Processes and Their Protection: The Agenda for Long- term Research and Development 1987 President's Council on Environmental Quality S. Draggan, J.J. Cohrssen, and R.E. Morrison, eds., Praeger Publishers, ISBN 0-275- 92339- 8; 210 pp.
282 Infrastructure for the 21st Century: Framework for a Research Agenda 1987 NRC: Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education; NRC: Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems; and Transportation Research Board: Committee on Infrastructure Innovation Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 100 pp.
283 Our Common Future 1987 The World Commission on Environment and Development Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press
284 Preserving Ecological Systems: The Agenda for Long- term Research and Development 1987 President's Council on Environmental Quality S. Draggan, J.J. Cohrssen, and R.E. Morrison, eds., Praeger Publishers, ISBN 0-275- 92337- 1; 191 pp.
285 Status and Future of Ecosystem Science 1987 Institute of Ecosystem Studies Occasional Publication No. 3, Millbrook, NY: New York Botanical Garden
286 Technologies to Maintain Biological Diversity 1987 Office of Technology Assessment Washington, DC: U.S. GPO
287 Global Change in the Geosphere- Biosphere: Initial Priorities for an IGBP ("Eddy Report") 1986 NRC: Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources; U.S. Committee for an International Geosphere- Biosphere Program J.A. Eddy, Chair; Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 91 pp.
288 Environmental Consequences of Nuclear War. SCOPE 28 1985 SCOPE A.B. Pittock, T.P. Ackerman, P.J. Crutzen, M.C. MacCracken, C.S. Shapiro, and R.P. Turco, Chichester: John Wiley
289 Organic Farming: Current Technology and Its Role in a Sustainable Agriculture 1984 American Society of Agronomy; Crop Science Society of America; and Soil Science Society of America ASA Special Publication #46; http:// www.asa- cssa- sssa.org/
290 A Patron for Pure Science: The National Science Foundation's Formative Years, 1945- 57 1982 NSF J.M. England, NSF 82- 24, Arlington, VA
291 Planning Future Land Uses 1981 American Society of Agronomy; Crop Science Society of America; and Soil Science Society of America ASA Special Publication #42; http:// www.asa- cssa-sssa.org/
292 Planning the Uses and Management of Land 1979 American Society of Agronomy; Crop Science Society of America; and Soil Science Society of America Agronomy Monograph #21; http:// www.asa- cssa-sssa.org/
293 Impact of Climatic Fluctuation on Major North American Food Crops 1976 C.F. Kettering Foundation D. Hinckley, Project Manager; The Institute of Ecology
294 Environmental Science: Challenge for the Seventies 1971 NSB H.E. Carter, Chair; NSB 71- 1, Washington, DC: U.S. GPO, 50 pp.
295 The Universities and Environmental Quality—Commitment to Problem Focused Education 1969 President's Office of Science & Technology Report to the President's Environmental Quality Council; J.S. Steinhart and S. Cherniack, Washington, DC: U.S. GPO; 22 pp.
296 Science—The Endless Frontier 1945 NSF Vannevar Bush Report to President Franklin D. Roosevelt; NSF 90- 8 (reprint), Arlington, VA
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