Digest 2015


The biennial report Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering is mandated by the Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities Act (Public Law 96-516). The digest highlights key statistics drawn from a wide variety of data sources. Data and figures in this digest are organized into topical areas—enrollment, field of degree, occupation, employment status, and academic employment.

Undergraduate enrollment, by type of school: 2012
Chart showing undergraduate enrollment, by type of school: 2012

Recent trends in undergraduate enrollment reflect the increasing diversity of the U.S. college-age population, as Asian and Hispanic shares of the population grow. Most notably, underrepresented minorities, Hispanics in particular, are an increasing ...

High participation field for women: Biosciences and social sciences, 1993–2012
Chart showing High participation field for women: Biosciences and social sciences, 1993–2012

Women have earned 57% of all bachelor's degrees and about half of all science and engineering (S&E) bachelor's degrees since the late 1990s. However, women's level of participation in S&E fields varies, and within fields it tends to be consistent over every degree level. In most fields, ...

Degrees earned by underrepresented minorities: 1993–2012

Despite considerable progress over the past two decades, the gap in educational attainment separating underrepresented minorities from whites and Asians remains wide. In general, underrepresented minorities are less likely than whites and Asians to graduate from ...

Science and engineering degrees earned by underrepresented minority women and men: 1993–2012

In 2012, underrepresented minority women earned more than half of the science and engineering (S&E) degrees awarded to their respective racial and ethnic groups. White and Asian women earned nearly half of the S&E degrees awarded to their respective racial and ethnic groups. In most ...

Scientists and engineers working in science and engineering occupations: 2013

The science and engineering (S&E) workforce is composed largely of people who earned S&E degrees over roughly four decades. Because older cohorts of S&E workers are disproportionately white and male, women and minorities constitute ...

Unemployment rates among scientists and engineers: 2013

Unemployment rates are lower for the science and engineering (S&E) workforce than for the general population. Rates of unemployment and parttime employment across racial and ethnic groups reflect variations in the age distributions of men and ...

Women as a percentage of full-time, full professors with science, engineering, and health doctorates, by employing institution: 1993–2013

In the past 20 years, participation of women in the academic doctoral workforce has increased considerably. Growth in the participation of underrepresented minorities has been slower. Women and underrepresented minorities in academic employment continue ...