|Division of Science Resources Studies|
|DATA BRIEF||Directorate for
Federal Academic Obligations for Science and Engineering Activities Increased More than 4 Percent in FY 1997
R&D support has consistently dominated the Federal academic S&E total.
Johns Hopkins University continued as the leading university recipient of Federal academic S&E support.
Federal agencies obligated a new high of $15.1 billion for academic science and engineering (S&E) activities in fiscal year (FY) 1997, up more than 4 percent (or $653 million) above FY 1996 levels. When adjusted for inflation, Federal academic S&E support was up 2 percent in FY 1997. The increase follows a slight (one-tenth of 1 percent) current-dollar decrease between FYs 1995 and 1996 in total Federal S&E support. This information is based on the latest statistics from the National Science Foundation's (NSF's) annual Survey of Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions.
Categories of Support
Of the six categories, R&D funding has consistently dominated the Federal academic S&E total in recent years, ranging from 84-87 percent of the total since FY 1987 (figure 1). A new high of $13.0 billion for Federal academic R&D in FY 1997 represented more than a 5-percent current-dollar increase (a 3-percent increase in constant dollars), or $679 million above the previous year. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), as in the previous year, accounted for 56 percent ($7.3 billion) of all Federal academic R&D obligations in FY 1997 as well as over two-thirds of the R&D increase.
Only two of the other five academic S&E categories showed increased funding levels in FY 1997. FTTG support was up 6 percent to a record high of $677 million; again, HHS was responsible for most of the increase. R&D plant funds rose 11 percent, with most of the increase also from HHS.
On the other hand, facilities and equipment funding for S&E instruction declined 39 percent, dropping to $30 million. Obligations for general support programs in FY 1997 totaled $171 million, a 22-percent decline mostly due to reduced funding from the Agency for International Development (AID). Funding for the final category of support, "other S&E activities", fell 3 percent to $925 million.
NSF makes available computer-generated Institutional Profiles for individual doctorate-granting institutions and schools with S&E departments that grant master's degrees. Institutional Profiles contain data from this survey and from NSF's other two academic S&E surveys: the Survey of Research and Development Expenditures at Universities and Colleges, and the Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering. Data from the three surveys are also available via the World Wide Web (see "Electronic Dissemination," p.1) and the Computer-Aided Science Policy Analysis and Research (WebCASPAR) database system, a user-friendly Web tool for retrieval and analyses of statistical data on academic S&E resources.
This Data Brief was prepared by:
SRS data are available through the World Wide Web (http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/). For more information about obtaining reports, contact firstname.lastname@example.org. or call (301) 947-2722. For NSF's Telephonic Device for the Deaf, dial (703) 306-0090. In your request, include the NSF publication number and title, your name, and a complete mailing address.