Federal Funds Survey FY 1994, 1995, and 1996, Vol. XLIV

Detailed Statistical Tables

Research, Development, and R&D Plant


TABLE C-1.  SUMMARY OF FEDERAL FUNDS FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AND FOR R&D
     PLANT: FISCAL YEARS 1994, 1995, AND 1996 [IN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS AND
                                 PERCENTAGES]

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                  |           |
                                                                  |           |                   ESTIMATES
                                                                  |           |
                                                                               ___________ ___________________________________
                                                                  |   1994    |           |           |           |
                                   ITEM                           |           |           |PERCENTAGE |           |PERCENTAGE
                                                                  |           |   1995    |  CHANGE   |   1996    |  CHANGE
                                                                  |           |           |  1994-95  |           |  1995-96
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
TOTAL OUTLAYS FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AND FOR R&D PLANT .....| $68,335.9 | $69,661.1 |       1.9 | $70,012.7 |       0.5
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
  RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT .......................................|  66,158.8 |  67,399.9 |       1.9 |  67,652.9 |        .4
  R&D PLANT ......................................................|   2,177.1 |   2,261.2 |       3.9 |   2,359.8 |       4.4
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
TOTAL OBLIGATIONS FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AND FOR R&D PLANT .|  69,427.0 |  73,028.7 |       5.2 |  70,906.0 |      -2.9
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
  RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, TOTAL ................................|  67,255.8 |  70,093.9 |       4.2 |  68,842.4 |      -1.8
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
          BY PERFORMERS:                                          |           |           |           |           |
            INTRAMURAL 1/.........................................|  16,139.1 |  16,962.3 |       5.1 |  16,287.3 |      -4.0
            INDUSTRIAL FIRMS .....................................|  30,454.4 |  31,771.1 |       4.3 |  31,159.8 |      -1.9
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY INDUSTRIAL FIRMS ..............|   1,293.5 |   1,192.3 |      -7.8 |   1,287.3 |       8.0
            UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES ............................|  11,828.7 |  12,103.1 |       2.3 |  12,177.6 |        .6
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES .....|   3,292.9 |   3,479.7 |       5.7 |   3,514.7 |       1.0
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
            OTHER NONPROFIT INSTITUTIONS .........................|   2,929.6 |   3,068.6 |       4.7 |   2,916.2 |      -5.0
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY NONPROFIT INSTITUTIONS ........|     735.5 |     777.8 |       5.7 |     792.2 |       1.9
            STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS ..........................|     325.4 |     446.9 |      37.3 |     456.4 |       2.1
            FOREIGN ..............................................|     256.6 |     292.0 |      13.8 |     250.9 |     -14.1
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
     RESEARCH, TOTAL .............................................|  27,440.4 |  27,803.9 |       1.3 |  28,270.9 |       1.7
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
          BY PERFORMERS:                                          |           |           |           |           |
            INTRAMURAL 1/.........................................|   7,488.2 |   7,427.5 |       -.8 |   7,417.2 |       -.1
            INDUSTRIAL FIRMS .....................................|   4,063.5 |   4,062.6 |       *   |   4,193.9 |       3.2
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY INDUSTRIAL FIRMS ..............|     737.2 |     704.4 |      -4.4 |     711.1 |       1.0
            UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES ............................|  10,323.5 |  10,657.0 |       3.2 |  10,932.5 |       2.6
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES .....|   2,181.1 |   2,212.6 |       1.4 |   2,262.9 |       2.3
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
            OTHER NONPROFIT INSTITUTIONS .........................|   2,094.9 |   2,113.5 |        .9 |   2,132.1 |        .9
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY NONPROFIT INSTITUTIONS ........|     178.0 |     174.5 |      -2.0 |     173.5 |       -.5
            STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS ..........................|     230.8 |     306.4 |      32.8 |     311.8 |       1.7
            FOREIGN ..............................................|     143.3 |     145.4 |       1.5 |     136.0 |      -6.5
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
          BY FIELDS OF SCIENCE:                                   |           |           |           |           |
            LIFE SCIENCES ........................................|  11,078.8 |  11,400.9 |       2.9 |  11,662.9 |       2.3
            PSYCHOLOGY ...........................................|     550.2 |     581.8 |       5.7 |     584.5 |        .5
            PHYSICAL SCIENCES ....................................|   6,792.7 |   5,988.2 |     -11.8 |   6,253.0 |       4.4
            ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES ...............................|   2,032.0 |   1,941.1 |      -4.5 |   2,054.6 |       5.8
            MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCES ....................|   1,242.3 |   1,498.7 |      20.6 |   1,564.8 |       4.4
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
            ENGINEERING ..........................................|   4,023.3 |   4,536.9 |      12.8 |   4,290.8 |      -5.4
            SOCIAL SCIENCES ......................................|     655.0 |     740.8 |      13.1 |     740.7 |       *
            OTHER SCIENCES, N.E.C. ...............................|   1,066.1 |   1,115.5 |       4.6 |   1,119.6 |        .4
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
        BASIC RESEARCH, TOTAL ....................................|  13,552.9 |  13,569.1 |        .1 |  14,037.4 |       3.5
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
          BY PERFORMERS:                                          |           |           |           |           |
            INTRAMURAL 1/.........................................|   2,505.0 |   2,468.0 |      -1.5 |   2,505.8 |       1.5
            INDUSTRIAL FIRMS .....................................|   1,109.1 |     891.5 |     -19.6 |     983.1 |      10.3
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY INDUSTRIAL FIRMS ..............|     237.6 |     251.2 |       5.7 |     255.0 |       1.5
            UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES ............................|   7,024.2 |   7,224.4 |       2.9 |   7,477.4 |       3.5
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES .....|   1,336.0 |   1,359.8 |       1.8 |   1,394.0 |       2.5
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
            OTHER NONPROFIT INSTITUTIONS .........................|   1,125.7 |   1,116.3 |       -.8 |   1,153.1 |       3.3
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY NONPROFIT INSTITUTIONS ........|      73.9 |      79.6 |       7.7 |      82.5 |       3.6
            STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS ..........................|      75.2 |     111.8 |      48.6 |     120.5 |       7.8
            FOREIGN ..............................................|      66.1 |      66.4 |        .4 |      65.9 |       -.7
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
          BY FIELDS OF SCIENCE:                                   |           |           |           |           |
            LIFE SCIENCES ........................................|   6,429.8 |   6,610.8 |       2.8 |   6,845.5 |       3.5
            PSYCHOLOGY ...........................................|     247.4 |     259.9 |       5.1 |     264.1 |       1.6
            PHYSICAL SCIENCES ....................................|   3,649.2 |   3,295.5 |      -9.7 |   3,447.6 |       4.6
            ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES ...............................|     997.2 |     999.4 |        .2 |   1,015.1 |       1.6
            MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCES ....................|     503.6 |     547.6 |       8.7 |     569.1 |       3.9
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
            ENGINEERING ..........................................|   1,061.7 |   1,157.6 |       9.0 |   1,173.1 |       1.3
            SOCIAL SCIENCES ......................................|     191.7 |     201.8 |       5.3 |     207.1 |       2.6
            OTHER SCIENCES, N.E.C. ...............................|     472.4 |     496.4 |       5.1 |     515.8 |       3.9
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
        APPLIED RESEARCH, TOTAL ..................................| $13,887.5 | $14,234.8 |       2.5 | $14,233.5 |       *
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
          BY PERFORMERS:                                          |           |           |           |           |
            INTRAMURAL 1/.........................................|   4,983.2 |   4,959.5 |       -.5 |   4,911.3 |      -1.0
            INDUSTRIAL FIRMS .....................................|   2,954.4 |   3,171.0 |       7.3 |   3,210.8 |       1.3
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY INDUSTRIAL FIRMS ..............|     499.6 |     453.2 |      -9.3 |     456.1 |        .6
            UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES ............................|   3,299.3 |   3,432.6 |       4.0 |   3,455.0 |        .7
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES .....|     845.1 |     852.7 |        .9 |     868.9 |       1.9
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
            OTHER NONPROFIT INSTITUTIONS .........................|     969.2 |     997.2 |       2.9 |     979.0 |      -1.8
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY NONPROFIT INSTITUTIONS ........|     104.0 |      94.8 |      -8.8 |      91.0 |      -4.0
            STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS ..........................|     155.5 |     194.6 |      25.1 |     191.3 |      -1.7
            FOREIGN ..............................................|      77.2 |      79.0 |       2.4 |      70.1 |     -11.3
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
          BY FIELDS OF SCIENCE:                                   |           |           |           |           |
            LIFE SCIENCES ........................................|   4,649.0 |   4,790.1 |       3.0 |   4,817.4 |        .6
            PSYCHOLOGY ...........................................|     302.9 |     321.9 |       6.3 |     320.4 |       -.5
            PHYSICAL SCIENCES ....................................|   3,143.5 |   2,692.7 |     -14.3 |   2,805.4 |       4.2
            ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES ...............................|   1,034.8 |     941.7 |      -9.0 |   1,039.6 |      10.4
            MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCES ....................|     738.7 |     951.1 |      28.8 |     995.8 |       4.7
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
            ENGINEERING ..........................................|   2,961.6 |   3,379.3 |      14.1 |   3,117.7 |      -7.7
            SOCIAL SCIENCES ......................................|     463.3 |     538.9 |      16.3 |     533.6 |      -1.0
            OTHER SCIENCES, N.E.C. ...............................|     593.8 |     619.1 |       4.3 |     603.8 |      -2.5
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
     DEVELOPMENT, TOTAL ..........................................|  39,815.4 |  42,290.0 |       6.2 |  40,571.5 |      -4.1
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
          BY PERFORMERS:                                          |           |           |           |           |
            INTRAMURAL 1/.........................................|   8,650.9 |   9,534.9 |      10.2 |   8,870.2 |      -7.0
            INDUSTRIAL FIRMS .....................................|  26,390.9 |  27,708.6 |       5.0 |  26,965.9 |      -2.7
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY INDUSTRIAL FIRMS ..............|     556.3 |     487.9 |     -12.3 |     576.2 |      18.1
            UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES ............................|   1,505.2 |   1,446.1 |      -3.9 |   1,245.1 |     -13.9
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES .....|   1,111.8 |   1,267.1 |      14.0 |   1,251.8 |      -1.2
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
            OTHER NONPROFIT INSTITUTIONS .........................|     834.8 |     955.1 |      14.4 |     784.1 |     -17.9
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY NONPROFIT INSTITUTIONS ........|     557.6 |     603.3 |       8.2 |     618.7 |       2.6
            STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS ..........................|      94.7 |     140.5 |      48.4 |     144.7 |       3.0
            FOREIGN ..............................................|     113.3 |     146.6 |      29.4 |     114.9 |     -21.7
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
  R&D PLANT, TOTAL ...............................................|   2,171.2 |   2,934.8 |      35.2 |   2,063.6 |     -29.7
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
          BY PERFORMERS SUPPORTED:                                |           |           |           |           |
            INTRAMURAL ...........................................|     392.6 |     576.1 |      46.8 |     365.4 |     -36.6
            INDUSTRIAL FIRMS .....................................|     746.8 |   1,276.1 |      70.9 |     705.7 |     -44.7
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY INDUSTRIAL FIRMS ..............|     119.4 |     104.0 |     -12.9 |      92.9 |     -10.7
            UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES ............................|     209.0 |     315.1 |      50.8 |     210.9 |     -33.1
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES .....|     608.8 |     558.3 |      -8.3 |     578.7 |       3.7
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
            OTHER NONPROFIT INSTITUTIONS .........................|      20.9 |      32.3 |      55.0 |      23.4 |     -27.8
            FFRDCS ADMINISTERED BY NONPROFIT INSTITUTIONS ........|      72.9 |      71.3 |      -2.2 |      85.1 |      19.4
            STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS ..........................|        .8 |       1.6 |     108.3 |       1.6 |        .3
            FOREIGN ..............................................|        .2 |        .0 |    -100.0 |        .0 |        .0 
                                                                  |           |           |           |           |
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
1/  INCLUDES COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH THE ADMINISTRATION OF INTRAMURAL AND
    EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS BY FEDERAL PERSONNEL AS WELL AS ACTUAL INTRAMURAL
    PERFORMANCE
NOTE:     BECAUSE OF ROUNDING, DETAIL MAY NOT ADD TO TOTALS.
KEY:      *       = PERCENTAGE LESS THAN .05
    FFRDCS  = FEDERALLY FUNDED
    RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTERS N.E.C.  = NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED
SOURCE:   NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION/SRS, SURVEY OF FEDERAL FUNDS FOR
    RESEARCH
AND DEVELOPMENT: FISCAL YEARS 1994, 1995, AND 1996