Federal Funds Survey FY 1994, 1995, and 1996, Vol. XLIV

Detailed Statistical Tables

Historical Data-Obligations


  TABLE C-106.  FEDERAL OBLIGATIONS FOR BASIC RESEARCH, BY DETAILED FIELD OF
     SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING: FISCAL YEARS 1975-85 [DOLLARS IN MILLIONS]

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
FIELD OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING |  1975  |  1976  |  1977  |  1978  |  1979  |  1980  |  1981  |  1982  |  1983  |  1984  |  1985
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
  TOTAL, ALL FIELDS .............| 2,588.4| 2,767.5| 3,258.6| 3,698.6| 4,192.7| 4,674.2| 5,041.3| 5,481.6| 6,260.1| 7,067.4| 7,818.7
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
LIFE SCIENCES, TOTAL ............| 1,115.9| 1,222.0| 1,383.4| 1,588.4| 1,891.8| 2,054.4| 2,223.8| 2,526.0| 2,891.3| 3,287.6| 3,786.6
  BIOL & AGRICULTURAL, TOTAL ....|   747.0|   818.4|   933.6| 1,078.7| 1,279.3| 1,339.4| 1,462.4| 1,674.8| 1,928.8| 2,174.7| 2,515.5
    BIOL (EXCL ENVIRONMENTAL) ...|      NA|      NA|      NA|   874.5| 1,055.5| 1,099.9| 1,201.7| 1,401.2| 1,621.9| 1,835.8| 2,106.3
    ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY .......|      NA|      NA|      NA|    64.3|    90.8|    86.1|    83.3|    83.2|    92.7|   120.8|   125.7
    AGRICULTURAL ................|      NA|      NA|      NA|   139.8|   133.0|   153.5|   177.4|   190.4|   214.2|   218.1|   283.5
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
  MEDICAL SCIENCES, TOTAL .......|   342.4|   374.4|   414.8|   467.7|   560.1|   657.0|   706.2|   793.4|   878.9| 1,015.3| 1,145.4
    CLINICAL MEDICAL ............|    38.8|    41.6|    39.6|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA
    OTHER MEDICAL ...............|   303.5|   332.8|   375.2|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA
  LIFE SCIENCES, N.E.C. .........|    26.6|    29.2|    35.0|    42.0|    52.4|    58.0|    55.3|    57.8|    83.6|    97.7|   125.7
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
PSYCHOLOGY, TOTAL ...............|    58.6|    45.5|    55.7|    67.5|    75.1|    84.2|    91.0|    89.9|    92.9|   107.9|   132.8
  BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS ............|    18.2|    18.5|    22.5|    23.5|    26.4|    30.2|    30.5|    32.9|    31.4|    43.7|    48.0
  SOCIAL ASPECTS ................|    22.2|    16.1|    20.0|    25.3|    34.0|    31.3|    30.2|    33.7|    32.8|    33.4|    46.9
  PSYCHOLOGICAL SCI, N.E.C. .....|    18.2|    11.0|    13.1|    18.7|    14.7|    22.8|    30.2|    23.3|    28.7|    30.8|    38.0
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
PHYSICAL SCIENCES, TOTAL ........|   709.0|   721.4|   890.0|   941.4| 1,050.0| 1,220.6| 1,324.9| 1,393.8| 1,587.2| 1,728.0| 1,815.2
  ASTRONOMY .....................|   163.0|   160.0|   193.3|   209.8|   280.6|   279.4|   274.2|   271.1|   354.5|   379.6|   400.7
  CHEMISTRY .....................|   158.6|   168.3|   208.7|   203.3|   224.8|   256.9|   298.2|   312.0|   362.2|   403.4|   425.0
  PHYSICS .......................|   379.0|   388.4|   467.4|   518.8|   535.6|   668.2|   735.4|   790.7|   855.1|   921.4|   959.9
  PHYSICAL SCIENCES, N.E.C. .....|     8.3|     4.8|    20.6|     9.5|     8.9|    16.1|    17.1|    20.0|    15.4|    23.6|    29.7
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, TOTAL ...|   280.8|   294.3|   387.5|   451.3|   457.3|   522.4|   532.8|   520.0|   580.1|   656.7|   699.7
  ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES ..........|   111.0|   114.0|   143.5|   163.3|   169.2|   179.0|   173.8|   163.2|   172.6|   192.2|   209.2
  GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES ...........|    88.6|    95.7|   128.7|   145.1|   157.6|   198.3|   194.2|   177.5|   178.3|   198.0|   250.0
  OCEANOGRAPHY ..................|    73.2|    76.6|   104.6|   120.7|   119.1|   130.7|   143.3|   154.5|   195.6|   220.1|   219.3
  ENVIRONMENTAL SCI, N.E.C. .....|     7.9|     8.0|    10.7|    22.2|    11.4|    14.3|    21.5|    24.9|    33.5|    46.4|    21.2
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
MATH & COMPUTER SCI, TOTAL ......|    62.0|    81.8|    83.4|    97.7|   104.2|   116.3|   140.4|   165.1|   208.1|   240.8|   260.0
  MATHEMATICS ...................|      NA|    43.2|    52.1|    55.9|    60.0|    66.8|    79.2|    90.9|   100.9|   113.9|   130.3
  COMPUTER SCIENCES .............|      NA|    26.6|    31.0|    40.3|    43.0|    46.2|    52.2|    67.4|    90.4|   104.8|   116.1
  MATH & COMPUTER SCI, N.E.C. ...|      NA|    12.0|      .3|     1.6|     1.2|     3.2|     9.0|     6.8|    16.8|    22.2|    13.6
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
ENGINEERING, TOTAL ..............|   262.8|   272.8|   337.7|   392.6|   434.7|   465.2|   526.0|   610.5|   689.5|   845.0|   884.2
  AERONAUTICAL ..................|    30.2|    32.0|    49.5|    82.8|    88.4|   104.2|   113.3|   126.5|   140.7|   225.5|   191.5
  ASTRONAUTICAL .................|    11.3|    11.9|    10.2|    14.9|    25.2|    27.2|    33.2|    44.8|    50.4|    52.4|    41.6
  CHEMICAL ......................|    16.4|    18.4|    24.0|    24.1|    24.6|    26.1|    31.3|    35.2|    50.4|    55.5|    74.4
  CIVIL .........................|     7.7|     7.8|    10.4|    10.8|    14.2|    22.0|    23.4|    32.0|    32.4|    41.9|    43.6
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
  ELECTRICAL ....................|    47.8|    53.1|    55.1|    57.4|    62.0|    70.6|    78.5|    93.6|    95.8|   130.4|   144.9
  MECHANICAL ....................|    17.6|    20.1|    29.6|    29.5|    35.9|    42.2|    47.4|    53.1|    60.7|    64.1|    88.2
  METALLURGY & MATERIALS ........|    99.7|   103.3|   124.9|   134.5|   151.1|   121.3|   138.5|   155.9|   182.9|   187.3|   211.9
  ENGINEERING, N.E.C. ...........|    32.2|    26.3|    33.9|    38.4|    33.2|    51.6|    60.5|    69.4|    76.2|    87.9|    88.2
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
SOCIAL SCIENCES, TOTAL ..........|    73.8|    86.4|    95.5|   124.3|   129.7|   147.2|   137.0|   120.2|   137.7|   132.6|   140.7
  ANTHROPOLOGY ..................|     7.0|     6.4|     8.0|    12.0|    12.5|    14.2|    13.1|    13.1|    11.2|    16.8|    15.8
  ECONOMICS .....................|    22.1|    25.6|    29.1|    33.6|    32.7|    40.0|    34.1|    39.0|    41.0|    29.7|    34.3
  POLITICAL SCIENCE .............|     1.6|     3.0|     2.5|     3.2|     4.1|     7.4|     6.3|     4.4|     4.6|     4.1|     5.8
  SOCIOLOGY .....................|    15.1|    16.6|    15.9|    18.6|    18.4|    25.4|    22.6|    18.7|    32.8|    33.9|    32.4
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
  SOCIAL SCIENCES, N.E.C. .......|    28.0|    34.8|    39.9|    57.0|    62.0|    60.2|    60.9|    45.1|    48.2|    48.1|    52.4
    HISTORY .....................|     6.0|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA
    LINGUISTICS .................|     2.1|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA
    OTHER SOCIAL SCIENCES .......|    19.9|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
OTHER SCIENCES, N.E.C. ..........|    25.5|    43.1|    25.5|    35.4|    50.0|    63.9|    65.4|    56.1|    73.3|    68.8|    99.4
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
NOTE:     BECAUSE OF ROUNDING, DETAIL MAY NOT ADD TO TOTALS.
KEY:      NA     = NOT APPLICABLE (INDICATES THAT THE DATA COLLECTED FOR
    THIS TABLE WERE NOT RECORDED AT THAT LEVEL IN THAT PARTICULAR FISCAL
    YEAR) N.E.C. = NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED
SOURCE:   NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION/SRS, SURVEY OF FEDERAL FUNDS FOR
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT: FISCAL YEARS 1994, 1995, AND 1996