Federal Funds Survey FY 1994, 1995, and 1996, Vol. XLIV

Detailed Statistical Tables

Historical Data-Obligations


 TABLE C-107.  FEDERAL OBLIGATIONS FOR APPLIED RESEARCH, BY DETAILED FIELD OF
     SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING: FISCAL YEARS 1975-85 [DOLLARS IN MILLIONS]
                                                                                                                                      
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |          
FIELD OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING |  1975  |  1976  |  1977  |  1978  |  1979  |  1980  |  1981  |  1982  |  1983  |  1984  |  1985    
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |          
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |          
  TOTAL, ALL FIELDS .............| 4,141.3| 4,851.9| 5,255.5| 5,908.2| 6,342.3| 6,923.2| 7,171.5| 7,540.6| 7,993.4| 7,911.4| 8,314.7  
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |          
LIFE SCIENCES, TOTAL ............| 1,339.3| 1,427.7| 1,624.4| 1,838.7| 1,956.5| 2,137.9| 2,211.8| 2,219.5| 2,286.6| 2,348.3| 2,575.9  
  BIOL & AGRICULTURAL, TOTAL ....|   705.2|   717.4|   844.0|   945.3| 1,041.0| 1,168.1| 1,249.4| 1,137.0| 1,135.6| 1,150.3| 1,239.8  
    BIOL (EXCL ENVIRONMENTAL) ...|      NA|      NA|      NA|   614.0|   646.7|   730.8|   794.9|   678.1|   683.7|   727.3|   779.3  
    ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY .......|      NA|      NA|      NA|   120.5|   125.8|   143.6|   137.0|   100.4|   101.0|   129.2|   134.6  
    AGRICULTURAL ................|      NA|      NA|      NA|   210.8|   268.6|   293.7|   317.4|   358.6|   351.0|   293.8|   325.8  
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |          
  MEDICAL SCIENCES, TOTAL .......|   608.7|   668.6|   724.0|   819.8|   820.5|   879.9|   903.7|   979.6| 1,048.5| 1,097.5| 1,223.1  
    CLINICAL MEDICAL ............|   511.7|   545.1|   594.8|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA  
    OTHER MEDICAL ...............|    97.0|   123.5|   129.2|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA  
  LIFE SCIENCES, N.E.C. .........|    25.4|    41.7|    56.4|    73.6|    95.0|    89.9|    58.7|   102.9|   102.4|   100.4|   113.0  
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |          
PSYCHOLOGY, TOTAL ...............|    80.6|    98.5|   100.5|   109.2|   122.3|   114.8|   117.9|   128.5|   147.9|   158.8|   194.3  
  BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS ............|    19.2|    25.3|    35.1|    29.9|    30.4|    29.7|    27.0|    26.7|    31.8|    37.1|    43.2  
  SOCIAL ASPECTS ................|    34.9|    38.8|    34.5|    40.1|    49.6|    63.5|    63.3|    64.4|    71.8|    74.3|    96.0  
  PSYCHOLOGICAL SCI, N.E.C. .....|    26.5|    34.3|    30.9|    39.1|    42.3|    21.5|    27.7|    37.4|    44.3|    47.4|    55.1  
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |          
PHYSICAL SCIENCES, TOTAL ........|   387.7|   537.5|   640.2|   704.2|   742.6|   780.0|   895.6| 1,106.5| 1,304.3| 1,241.0| 1,230.8  
  ASTRONOMY .....................|     5.3|     3.1|     4.0|     3.8|     3.8|     6.3|     6.8|     4.7|     3.0|     2.7|    14.1  
  CHEMISTRY .....................|   126.9|   160.2|   162.0|   201.7|   218.8|   197.6|   188.7|   169.2|   158.1|   203.0|   225.4  
  PHYSICS .......................|   216.0|   320.8|   398.8|   423.6|   487.1|   514.4|   610.2|   819.8|   999.5|   915.0|   856.1  
  PHYSICAL SCIENCES, N.E.C. .....|    39.5|    53.3|    75.3|    75.1|    32.8|    61.8|    89.9|   112.9|   143.7|   120.3|   135.2  
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |          
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, TOTAL ...|   446.5|   475.0|   518.5|   573.3|   643.7|   738.6|   588.2|   628.3|   671.2|   619.2|   704.0  
  ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES ..........|   191.2|   175.3|   174.9|   155.9|   179.5|   230.5|   199.6|   262.6|   288.1|   242.0|   276.8  
  GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES ...........|   103.1|   131.5|   140.7|   171.2|   201.1|   203.4|   201.9|   180.1|   155.2|   161.0|   179.0  
  OCEANOGRAPHY ..................|    70.6|    87.4|    91.3|   103.1|   101.4|   131.4|   118.4|   106.8|   147.9|   143.4|   179.3  
  ENVIRONMENTAL SCI, N.E.C. .....|    81.6|    80.8|   111.6|   143.0|   161.7|   173.3|    68.4|    78.7|    80.0|    72.9|    69.0  
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |          
MATH & COMPUTER SCI, TOTAL ......|    63.3|    76.0|   112.5|   118.5|   106.1|   124.7|   138.6|   185.0|   211.3|   199.5|   314.9  
  MATHEMATICS ...................|      NA|    26.7|    44.3|    37.5|    24.2|    24.1|    38.6|    37.3|    32.6|    37.1|    53.4  
  COMPUTER SCIENCES .............|      NA|    47.0|    58.3|    67.0|    63.3|    82.4|    69.3|   103.5|   124.1|   109.7|   164.2  
  MATH & COMPUTER SCI, N.E.C. ...|      NA|     2.3|     9.9|    14.1|    18.6|    18.2|    30.7|    44.3|    54.6|    52.7|    97.3  
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |          
ENGINEERING, TOTAL ..............| 1,454.9| 1,795.9| 1,775.2| 2,028.6| 2,137.0| 2,364.9| 2,545.4| 2,776.1| 2,827.5| 2,779.1| 2,733.4  
  AERONAUTICAL ..................|   314.9|   494.8|   359.3|   400.0|   536.5|   604.0|   596.3|   614.7|   679.9|   634.9|   546.5  
  ASTRONAUTICAL .................|    87.8|   167.5|   148.8|   150.2|   226.0|   275.1|   270.8|   245.9|   271.1|   344.4|   383.2  
  CHEMICAL ......................|    67.5|    69.8|    80.8|   125.3|    89.7|    70.2|   116.3|    59.9|    94.6|    88.9|   179.9  
  CIVIL .........................|   117.9|    98.1|   107.0|   131.6|   110.8|   136.8|   135.8|   169.9|   156.0|   161.0|   173.0  
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |          
  ELECTRICAL ....................|   239.2|   244.6|   327.6|   375.2|   355.8|   446.6|   478.2|   518.6|   519.1|   499.7|   481.9  
  MECHANICAL ....................|   144.8|   165.6|   169.5|   204.7|   160.0|   165.8|   157.3|   148.1|   205.7|   126.3|   178.8  
  METALLURGY & MATERIALS ........|   122.1|   171.6|   168.9|   151.4|    98.2|   114.8|   117.5|   153.2|   149.6|   153.7|   227.4  
  ENGINEERING, N.E.C. ...........|   360.7|   383.7|   413.3|   490.2|   560.0|   551.6|   673.4|   865.7|   751.4|   770.1|   562.8  
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |          
SOCIAL SCIENCES, TOTAL ..........|   228.1|   306.0|   330.6|   365.1|   397.6|   376.6|   360.5|   265.7|   297.5|   303.8|   319.3  
  ANTHROPOLOGY ..................|     6.9|     7.2|     4.3|     7.6|     4.9|     2.9|     1.5|     1.5|     1.6|     1.7|     2.1  
  ECONOMICS .....................|   104.2|   111.9|   113.8|   129.6|   149.2|   152.8|   172.6|   118.2|   124.6|   117.6|   125.4  
  POLITICAL SCIENCE .............|    10.1|     4.2|     5.9|     5.6|     9.8|     4.8|     4.5|     3.2|     6.6|     6.7|     8.9  
  SOCIOLOGY .....................|    39.8|    37.0|    36.2|    41.7|    46.1|    46.1|    42.4|    33.3|    35.0|    36.3|    34.0  
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |          
  SOCIAL SCIENCES, N.E.C. .......|    67.1|   145.6|   170.3|   180.6|   187.6|   170.1|   139.5|   109.6|   129.8|   141.4|   148.9  
    HISTORY .....................|     1.0|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA  
    LINGUISTICS .................|      .9|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA  
    OTHER SOCIAL SCIENCES .......|    65.2|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA|      NA  
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |          
OTHER SCIENCES, N.E.C. ..........|   141.0|   135.4|   153.6|   170.4|   236.6|   285.7|   313.5|   231.0|   247.1|   261.7|   242.2  
                                 |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |          
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  
NOTE:     BECAUSE OF ROUNDING, DETAIL MAY NOT ADD TO TOTALS.   
KEY:      NA     = NOT APPLICABLE (INDICATES THAT THE DATA COLLECTED FOR  
    THIS TABLE WERE NOT RECORDED AT THAT LEVEL IN THAT PARTICULAR FISCAL  
    YEAR) N.E.C. = NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED  
SOURCE:   NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION/SRS, SURVEY OF FEDERAL FUNDS FOR  
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT: FISCAL YEARS 1994, 1995, AND 1996