Federal Funds Survey FY 1994, 1995, and 1996, Vol. XLIV

Detailed Statistical Tables

Total Research Performed at Universities and Colleges-Agency and Field of Science and Engineering


 TABLE C-55.  FEDERAL OBLIGATIONS FOR RESEARCH PERFORMED AT UNIVERSITIES AND
  COLLEGES, BY DETAILED FIELD OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING: FISCAL YEARS 1994,
                    1995, AND 1996 [DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS]

_____________________________________________________________________________________________
                                             |               |
                                             |               |           ESTIMATES
      FIELD OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING       |     1994      |
                                                              _______________________________
                                             |               |               |
                                             |               |     1995      |     1996
                                             |               |               |
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
                                             |               |               |
  TOTAL, ALL FIELDS .........................|   9,949,626   |  10,247,315   |  10,542,544
                                             |               |               |
LIFE SCIENCES, TOTAL ........................|   5,766,756   |   5,893,625   |   6,106,475
  BIOLOGICAL (EXCLUDING ENVIRONMENTAL) ......|   2,814,746   |   2,893,931   |   3,012,706
  ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY .....................|     162,166   |     166,208   |     171,590
  AGRICULTURAL ..............................|     161,904   |     161,046   |     164,187
  MEDICAL ...................................|   2,492,217   |   2,554,802   |   2,623,548
  LIFE SCIENCES, N.E.C ......................|     135,723   |     117,638   |     134,444
                                             |               |               |
PSYCHOLOGY, TOTAL ...........................|     316,228   |     326,145   |     333,728
  BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS ........................|       8,804   |      10,192   |      10,142
  SOCIAL ASPECTS ............................|      17,549   |      18,548   |      17,710
  PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES, N.E.C. ............|     289,875   |     297,405   |     305,876
                                             |               |               |
PHYSICAL SCIENCES, TOTAL ....................|   1,165,435   |   1,222,060   |   1,244,636
  ASTRONOMY .................................|     132,164   |     134,146   |     135,727
  CHEMISTRY .................................|     374,584   |     393,837   |     403,427
  PHYSICS ...................................|     593,973   |     611,529   |     631,735
  PHYSICAL SCIENCES, N.E.C. .................|      64,714   |      82,548   |      73,747
                                             |               |               |
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, TOTAL ...............|     627,409   |     644,501   |     635,677
  ATMOSPHERIC ...............................|     167,310   |     173,498   |     179,327
  GEOLOGICAL ................................|     203,336   |     188,951   |     196,943
  OCEANOGRAPHY ..............................|     138,448   |     140,089   |     145,555
  ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, N.E.C. ............|     118,315   |     141,963   |     113,852
                                             |               |               |
MATHEMATICS & COMPUTER SCIENCES, TOTAL ......|     530,077   |     543,580   |     592,825
  MATHEMATICS ...............................|     137,848   |     148,757   |     155,672
  COMPUTER SCIENCES .........................|     361,210   |     372,517   |     407,333
  MATHEMATICS & COMPUTER SCIENCES, N.E.C. ...|      31,019   |      22,306   |      29,820
                                             |               |               |
ENGINEERING, TOTAL ..........................|     984,792   |   1,016,007   |   1,013,368
  AERONAUTICAL ..............................|      76,729   |      79,945   |      82,362
  ASTRONAUTICAL .............................|      20,708   |      21,230   |      21,128
  CHEMICAL ..................................|      56,980   |      56,613   |      51,548
  CIVIL .....................................|      55,843   |      56,166   |      58,617
                                             |               |               |
  ELECTRICAL ................................|     161,442   |     170,925   |     187,576
  MECHANICAL ................................|     113,812   |     123,650   |     128,393
  METALLURGY & MATERIALS ....................|     260,678   |     253,658   |     261,242
  ENGINEERING, N.E.C. .......................|     238,600   |     253,820   |     222,502
                                             |               |               |
SOCIAL SCIENCES, TOTAL ......................|     200,495   |     212,459   |     218,089
  ANTHROPOLOGY ..............................|       6,614   |       7,782   |       8,350
  ECONOMICS .................................|      54,759   |      55,033   |      51,628
  POLITICAL SCIENCE .........................|       4,979   |       5,795   |       6,208
  SOCIOLOGY .................................|      27,631   |      29,444   |      33,105
  SOCIAL SCIENCES, N.E.C. ...................|     106,512   |     114,405   |     118,798
                                             |               |               |
OTHER SCIENCES, N.E.C. ......................|     358,434   |     388,938   |     397,746
                                             |               |               |
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
NOTES:    ONLY THE FOLLOWING SIX AGENCIES ARE REQUIRED TO REPORT TO THIS
    SECTION OF
THE SURVEY: THE DEPARTMENTS OF AGRICULTURE, DEFENSE, ENERGY, AND HEALTH
    AND HUMAN SERVICES; THE NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION;
    AND THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION. THE RESEARCH OBLIGATIONS OF THE SIX
    AGENCIES INCLUDED IN THIS TABLE REPRESENT APPROXIMATELY 96 PERCENT OF
    TOTAL FEDERAL RESEARCH OBLIGATIONS TO UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES IN FISCAL
    YEARS 1994, 1995, AND 1996.  DATA FOR ONLY THOSE AGENCIES THAT HAD
    OBLIGATIONS IN THE VARIABLES REPRESENTED BY THIS TABLE APPEAR IN THE
    TABLE.  FOR A COMPLETE LIST AGENCIES THAT HAVE BEEN INCLUDED IN THE
    FEDERAL FUNDS SURVEY, REFER TO APPENDIX A.
KEY:      N.E.C. = NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED
SOURCE:   NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION/SRS, SURVEY OF FEDERAL FUNDS FOR
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT: FISCAL YEARS 1994, 1995, AND 1996