Federal Support Survey

Part I. Instructions for Academic Institutions

Field of Science and Engineering Codes and Definitions


NOTE:   The illustrative disciplines provided under each of these detailed fields are intended to be guidelines, not sharp definitions, as to what should be reported under a particular field; they represent examples of disciplines generally classified under each detailed field. A discipline, however, may be classified under another detailed field when the major emphasis is elsewhere.

*   To be used for multidisciplinary projects within the primaryfield and for single discipline projects for which a separate code has not yet been assigned.


PHYSICAL SCIENCES: Physical Sciences are concerned with the understanding of the material universe and its phenomena. Examples of disciplines under this field are:

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Astronomy
                   | Astrophysics                             ||  11  Astronomy                |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | (also Gamma-ray,
neutrino, optical and radio, X-ray)                            ||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Chemistry
                                           ||  12  Chemistry                |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | (also analytical, inorganic, organic,
organo-metallic, pharmaceutical,          ||                               | physical, polymer sciences (except biochemistry))
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Physics                                                                         ||
             |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  13  Physics                  | (also acoustics, atomic/molecular, chemical, condensed matter, elementary       ||
          | particles, nuclear structure, optics, plasma, solid-state,                      ||                               | theoretical/mathematical)
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Physical Sciences, General           | Physical Sciences, Other                 ||
19  Physical                 |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  Sciences, n.e.c.*            | (used for multidisciplinary projects within physical sciences and for
||                               | disciplines not requested separately)                                           ||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|

 

MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCES: Mathematics and Computer Sciences employ a logical reasoning with the aid of symbols and are concerned with the development of methods of operations employing such symbols, and in the case of computer sciences, with the application of such methods to automated information systems. They comprise the following subcategories:

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Mathematics, General   | Applied Mathematics    | Mathematical Statistics       ||
            |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Mathematics/Computer   | Operations Research    | Mathematics, Other            ||  21  Mathematics
         | Sciences               |                        |                               ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | (also
algebra, analysis, foundations and logic, geometry, inventory and         ||                               | monitoring, numerical analysis, topology, trend reporting)
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Computer and Information Science,    | Management Information Systems           ||
             | General                              |                                          ||  22  Computer Sciences        |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
          | (also design, development, and application of computer capabilities to data     ||                               | storage and manipulation, information science)
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  29  Mathematics and          |                                                                                 ||
 Computer Sciences,           | Mathematics and Computer Sciences, not elsewhere classified                     ||  n.e.c.*                      |
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|

 

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES: Environmental Sciences (terrestrial and extraterrestrial) are concerned with the gross nonbiological properties of the areas of the solar system that directly or indirectly affect human survival and welfare. Note that all obligations in support of oceanography, whether physical or biological, are to be reported under field 33 (oceanography). Examples of disciplines under this field are:

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Atmospheric Sciences and
Meteorology                                            ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  31  Atmospheric Sciences     | (also aeronomy, air
pollution, extraterrestrial atmospheres, solar,             ||                               | weather modification)
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Cartography            | Earth & Planetary      | Geological and Related        ||
             |                        | Sciences               | Sciences                      ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  32  Earth Sciences
          | Surveying              |                        |                               ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | (also
engineering geophysics, general geology, geodesy and gravity,             ||                               | geomagnetism, hydrology, inorganic, isotopic, laboratory geophysics, organic    ||                               | geochemistry,
paleomagnetism, paleontology, physical geography, seismology)     ||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  33  Oceanography             | Marine/Aquatic
Biology               | Oceanography                             ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | (also biological, chemical,
geological, physical)                               ||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  39  Environmental            | (used for multidisciplinary
projects within Earth, Atmospheric,                 ||  Sciences, n.e.c.*            | and Ocean Sciences)
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|

 

ENGINEERING: Engineering is concerned with studies directed toward developing engineering principles or toward making specific scientific principles usable in engineering practice. Examples of disciplines under this field are:

|-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
41  Aeronautical             | Aerodynamics                                                                    ||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
42  Astronautical            | Aerospace                             | Space Technology                        ||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
                          | Chemical               | Petroleum              | Polymer/Plastics              ||                               | Engineering            | Engineering            | Engineering                   ||
43  Chemical                 |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Wood Science                                                                    ||
                          |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | (also petroleum refining process)
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Architectural Engineering             | Architecture                            ||
             |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  44  Civil                    | Civil Engineering                     | Environmental/Environmental Health     ||
         |                                       | Engineering                             ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | (also
geotechnical, hydraulic, hydrologic, sanitary and environmental,          ||                               | structural, transportation)
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Computer Engineering                  | Electrical, Electronics, and            ||
45  Electrical               |                                       | Communications Engineering              ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
                          | (also power engineering)                                                        ||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
46  Mechanical               | Engineering Mechanics                 | Mechanical Engineering                  ||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
                          | Ceramic Sciences       | Geological Engineering | Geophysical Engineering       ||                               | and Engineering        | Sciences               | Sciences                      ||
      |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Materials Engineering  | Materials Research     | Materials Science             ||  47  Metallurgy &
   |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  Materials                    | Metallurgical          | Metallurgy             | Mining and Mineral            ||                               |
Engineering             |                        | Engineering                   ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Textile Sciences
   | (also  welding)                                         ||                               | and Engineering        |
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Engineering,           | Agricultural           | Bioengineering and            ||
             | General                | Engineering            | Biomedical                    ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               |
Engineering            | Engineering            | Engineering/Industrial        ||                               |                        |                        | Management                    ||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Engineering Physics    | Engineering Science    | Industrial/Manufacturing      ||                               |
     |                        | Engineering                   ||  49  Engineering, n.e.c.*     |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Naval Architecture &
  | Nuclear Engineering    | Ocean Engineering             ||                               | Marine Engr.           |                        |                               ||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Systems Engineering    | Systems Science and    | Geophysical Engineering       ||                               |
     | Theory                 | Engineering, Other            ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | (also marine and ocean engineering
systems)                                     ||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|

 

LIFE SCIENCES: Life sciences are concerned with the scientific study of living organisms and their systems. Note that research in biochemistry could be reported as biological, agricultural, or medical, depending on the orientation of the project; human biochemistry should be classified under biological; but animal or plant biochemistry relating to food production should be classified under agricultural. Examples of disciplines under this field are:

|-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Biology, General       | Anatomy                | Biochemistry                  ||
                             |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Biometrics             | Biophysics             | Biostatistics                 ||
         |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Botany                 | Cell and Molecular     | Ecology                       ||                               |
              | Biology                |                               ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Entomology             |
Epidemiology           | Foods and Nutrition Studies   ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Genetics, Plants and   | Medical Anatomy
   | Medical Biochemistry          ||                               | Animals                |                        |                               ||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  51  Biological               | Medical Immunology     | Medical Microbiology   | Medical Pathology             ||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Medical Physiology     | Medical Toxicology     | Microbiology/Bacteriology     ||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Nutritional Sciences   | Parasitology           | Pathology, Human and Animal   ||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Pharmacology, Human    | Physiology, Human      | Toxicology                    ||                               | and Animal
     | and Animal             |                               ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Zoology                | Zoology,
Other          | Biological/Life Sciences,     ||                               |                        |                        | Other                         ||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Misc. Bio. Specializations, Other                                               ||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | (also allergies and immunology, biogeography, biotechnology, pathology,         ||                               | physical
anthropology, virology, other biological, n.e.c.)                      ||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Biotic Community       |
Ecosystem Sciences     | Evolutionary Biology          ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Limnology              | Population Biology
   | Systematics                   ||  54  Environmental            |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  Biology                      | Global Warming
                                       ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | (other environmental biology, n.e.c.)
                   ||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Agricultural           | Agricultural           | Aquaculture
||                                | Production             | Sciences               |                               ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
              | International          | Landscape              | Plant Sciences                ||                               | Agriculture            | Architecture           |                               ||  55  Agricultural
           |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  Sciences                     | Renewable Natural      | Soil Science                                           ||                               |
Resources              |                                                        ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | (also agricultural
chemistry, agronomy, animal science, conservation, fish and  ||                               | wildlife, forestry, horticulture, phytoproduction, other agricultural, n.e.c.)
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Medicine, General      | Anesthesiology         | Cardiology                    ||
             |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Colon and Rectal       | Dental/Oral Surgery    | Dentistry                     ||                               |
                  |                        |                               ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Dermatology            |
Family Medicine        | Gastroenterology              ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | General Surgery        | Geriatric Medicine
   | Hematology                    ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Internal Medicine      | Neonatal-Perinatal     | Neurological
Surgery          ||                               | and Animal             | Medicine               |                               ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
                              | Neurology              | Neurosciences          | Nuclear Medicine              ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
          | Nuclear Radiology      | Nursing Psychiatry/    | Obstretrics and Gynecology    ||                               |                        | Mental Health          |                               ||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Oncology               | Ophthalmology          | Optometry                     ||  56  Medical Sciences
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Orthopedics/           | Osteopathic Medicine   | Otorhinolaryngology           ||                               | Orthopedic Surgery
     |                        |                               ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Pediatrics             | Pharmacology
          | Physical and Rehabilitative   ||                               |                        |                        | Medicine                      ||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Plastic Surgery        | Podiatry               | Preventative Medicine         ||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Psychiatry             | Public Health          | Radiation Biology/            ||                               |
     |                        | Radiobiology                  ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Pharmacology, Human    | Physiology,
Human      | Toxicology                    ||                               | and Animal             | and Animal             |                               ||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Thoracic Surgery       | Urology                | Medical Programs, Other       ||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Medical Basic Sciences, Other                                                   ||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | (exclude all residency programs)
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Administrative         | Allied Health, Other   | Communication Disorders       ||
             | Services               |                        |                               ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               |
Gerontology            | Health and Medical     | Health Professions &          ||                               |                        | Services               | Related Services              ||  59  Life
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  Sciences, n.e.c.*            | Medical Lab.Psychiatry | Midwifery              | Nursing                       ||                               | Sciences &
Services    |                        |                               ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Nursing Technologies   |
Occupational Therapy   | Physical Therapy              ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Rehabilitation/Therapeutic Services
                                   ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | (used for multidisciplinary projects within life sciences)
               ||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|

 

PSYCHOLOGY: Psychology deals with behavior, mental processes, and individual and group characteristics and abilities. Examples of disciplines under this field are:

|-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Animal
Behavior        | Clinical Psychology    | Comparative Psychology        ||  61  Biological Aspects       |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Ethology
             | Experimental           | Psychometrics                 ||                               |                        | Psychology             |
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Child Psychology       | Development and        | Development Psychology        ||
             |                        | Personality            |                               ||  62  Social Aspects           |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
          | Educational            | Industrial &           | School Psychology             ||                               | Psychology             | Engineering Psychology |                               ||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Social Psychology      | Vocational Psychology
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  69  Psychology, n.e.c.*      | Psychological sciences, not elsewhere classified
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|

 

SOCIAL SCIENCES: Social Sciences are directed toward an understanding of the behavior of social institutions and groups, and of individuals as members of a group. Examples of disciplines under the field of social sciences are:

|-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
                            | Applied Anthropology   | Archaeology            | Cultural and Personality      ||  71  Anthropology             |                        |                        | Anthropology                  ||
                         |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Ethnology              | Social Anthropology
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Agricultural Economics | Business/Managerial    | Economics                     ||
             |                        | Economics              |                               ||  72  Economics                |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
          | (also applied, development, econometrics, industrial, international, labor,     ||                               | public finance and fiscal policy, quantitative,  resource)and Animal
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  73  History                  | History and Philosophy of Science
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Anthropological/Archaeological       | Computational                            ||
74  Linguistics              | Linguistics                          | Linguistics                              ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
                          | Psycholinguistics                    | Sociolinguistics                         ||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
      | International          | Political Science      | Public Administration         ||                               | Relations and Affairs  | and Government         |                               ||  75  Political Science
   |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Public Policy          | Public Administration and Services, Other              ||                               | Analysis
        |                                                        ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | (also comparative government, legal
 systems, political theory,                  ||                               | regional studies)
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | Area and               | City/Urban, Community, | Criminal Justice and          ||
             | Ethnic Studies         | & Regional Planning    | Corrections                   ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  76  Sociology
          | Criminology            | Demography             | Population Studies            ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               |
Sociology               | Urban Studies/Affairs                                  ||                               |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | (also comparative
and  historical, complex organizations, cultural and social    ||                               | structure, group interactions, social problems, and welfare theory)
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||  79  Social Sciences,         | Social Sciences, General                       | Geography                      ||
 n.e.c.*                      |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------||                               | (also research in law and science, socioeconomic geography)
||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
99  OTHER SCIENCES           | (used when the multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary aspects                  ||  n.e.c.*                      | make the classification under one primary field impossible)

||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
	|-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
                         | This category is to be used when the total obligations (rounded to              ||                               | thousands) for a particular institution is greater than the sum                 ||
                   | of the rounded obligations by field. For example, suppose three                 ||                               | awards are made to a particular institution—each for $1,400,                    ||  00
RESIDUAL AMOUNTS          | and each in a different field of science or engineering. The total              ||                               | of these awards is $4,200 and would be reported as $4,000 in the                ||
                        | "type-1 record." The individual amounts for the "type-2 record"                 ||                               | in thousands of dollars, however, round to $1,000 and would be                  ||
                  | reported as $1,000 for each of the three fields, or $3,000. So                  ||                               | that the type-1 total matches the type-2 total, the residual amount             ||
            | of $1,000 would be reported with a code of 00.                                  ||-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|

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