GSS Logo Graduate Student Survey

Selected Tables

Selected Data on Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering: Fall 1994


   TABLE 13.  FULL-TIME GRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, AND HEALTH
   FIELDS IN ALL INSTITUTIONS, BY FIELD AND SOURCE OF MAJOR SUPPORT: 1987-94

 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
    FIELD AND SOURCE OF MAJOR SUPPORT    | 1987 1/ |  1988   |  1989   |  1990   |  1991   |  1992   |  1993   |  1994
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 TOTAL, ALL SURVEYED FIELDS:             |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................| 271,095 | 275,219 | 282,769 | 292,910 | 307,106 | 322,773 | 329,984 | 331,969
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|  53,542 |  55,492 |  57,452 |  59,285 |  63,028 |  65,644 |  67,660 |  68,518
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|   8,795 |   9,546 |   9,148 |   8,879 |   9,139 |   9,256 |   9,683 |   9,327
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|  17,191 |  17,901 |  18,649 |  19,494 |  20,459 |  21,385 |  21,967 |  22,685
        NIH .............................|  12,944 |  13,715 |  14,357 |  14,996 |  16,018 |  17,094 |  18,115 |  18,342
        OTHER HHS .......................|   4,247 |   4,186 |   4,292 |   4,498 |   4,441 |   4,291 |   3,852 |   4,343
      NSF ...............................|  11,248 |  11,634 |  11,900 |  12,025 |  12,666 |  13,368 |  13,533 |  13,981
      USDA ..............................|   2,684 |   2,591 |   2,728 |   2,722 |   3,075 |   3,217 |   3,332 |   3,459
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|  13,624 |  13,820 |  15,027 |  16,165 |  17,689 |  18,418 |  19,145 |  19,066
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............| 112,282 | 114,776 | 119,172 | 123,085 | 125,416 | 127,996 | 129,185 | 129,254
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|  25,478 |  25,741 |  25,853 |  26,139 |  27,078 |  27,782 |  26,777 |  27,692
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|  18,278 |  18,740 |  19,143 |  19,608 |  20,432 |  21,318 |  21,220 |  21,784
      FOREIGN ...........................|   7,200 |   7,001 |   6,710 |   6,531 |   6,646 |   6,464 |   5,557 |   5,908
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|  79,793 |  79,210 |  80,292 |  84,401 |  91,584 | 101,351 | 106,362 | 106,505
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 TOTAL, SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING:         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................| 247,234 | 250,689 | 256,960 | 265,494 | 277,259 | 290,696 | 294,350 | 292,962
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|  47,102 |  49,171 |  50,977 |  52,516 |  56,063 |  58,316 |  60,377 |  60,734
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|   8,556 |   9,301 |   8,781 |   8,503 |   8,722 |   8,857 |   9,248 |   8,945
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|  12,611 |  13,297 |  14,078 |  14,594 |  15,472 |  16,275 |  16,840 |  17,158
        NIH .............................|  11,462 |  12,307 |  12,909 |  13,367 |  14,172 |  15,044 |  15,871 |  15,952
        OTHER HHS .......................|   1,149 |     990 |   1,169 |   1,227 |   1,300 |   1,231 |     969 |   1,206
      NSF ...............................|  11,197 |  11,585 |  11,852 |  11,976 |  12,610 |  13,298 |  13,444 |  13,864
      USDA ..............................|   2,636 |   2,560 |   2,682 |   2,664 |   3,015 |   3,148 |   3,254 |   3,385
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|  12,102 |  12,428 |  13,584 |  14,779 |  16,244 |  16,738 |  17,591 |  17,382
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............| 106,401 | 108,597 | 112,352 | 115,922 | 117,945 | 120,366 | 121,070 | 120,837
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|  23,975 |  24,464 |  24,445 |  24,766 |  25,555 |  26,085 |  25,031 |  25,811
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|  17,285 |  17,859 |  18,215 |  18,700 |  19,369 |  20,081 |  19,917 |  20,361
      FOREIGN ...........................|   6,690 |   6,605 |   6,230 |   6,066 |   6,186 |   6,004 |   5,114 |   5,450
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|  69,756 |  68,457 |  69,186 |  72,290 |  77,696 |  85,929 |  87,872 |  85,580
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 SCIENCES, TOTAL:                        |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................| 185,303 | 187,683 | 192,579 | 199,508 | 206,211 | 216,263 | 220,536 | 221,315
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|  33,977 |  35,184 |  36,757 |  37,835 |  40,072 |  41,745 |  43,480 |  43,923
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|   3,966 |   4,309 |   3,946 |   3,779 |   3,840 |   3,895 |   4,099 |   4,246
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|  11,982 |  12,696 |  13,379 |  13,834 |  14,662 |  15,374 |  15,916 |  16,252
        NIH .............................|  10,947 |  11,776 |  12,291 |  12,706 |  13,448 |  14,246 |  15,077 |  15,170
        OTHER HHS .......................|   1,035 |     920 |   1,088 |   1,128 |   1,214 |   1,128 |     839 |   1,082
      NSF ...............................|   7,711 |   7,782 |   8,087 |   8,094 |   8,313 |   8,693 |   8,883 |   9,109
      USDA ..............................|   2,380 |   2,369 |   2,478 |   2,433 |   2,741 |   2,790 |   2,948 |   3,039
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|   7,938 |   8,028 |   8,867 |   9,695 |  10,516 |  10,993 |  11,634 |  11,277
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|  85,026 |  87,015 |  89,571 |  92,611 |  93,328 |  95,440 |  96,096 |  96,227
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|  14,164 |  14,376 |  14,363 |  14,385 |  14,925 |  15,535 |  15,314 |  16,356
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|   9,571 |   9,821 |  10,205 |  10,325 |  10,832 |  11,562 |  11,844 |  12,582
      FOREIGN ...........................|   4,593 |   4,555 |   4,158 |   4,060 |   4,093 |   3,973 |   3,470 |   3,774
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|  52,136 |  51,108 |  51,888 |  54,677 |  57,886 |  63,543 |  65,646 |  64,809
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 PHYSICAL SCIENCES:                      |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................|  28,412 |  28,574 |  29,207 |  29,485 |  30,118 |  30,673 |  30,611 |  30,035
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|   9,716 |   9,857 |  10,247 |  10,284 |  10,834 |  11,007 |  11,068 |  10,914
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|   1,292 |   1,475 |   1,392 |   1,214 |   1,226 |   1,194 |   1,115 |   1,200
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|   2,097 |   2,152 |   2,111 |   2,096 |   2,042 |   2,188 |   2,162 |   2,241
        NIH .............................|   1,930 |   2,002 |   1,981 |   1,952 |   1,874 |   2,056 |   2,051 |   2,078
        OTHER HHS .......................|     167 |     150 |     130 |     144 |     168 |     132 |     111 |     163
      NSF ...............................|   3,589 |   3,656 |   3,612 |   3,567 |   3,571 |   3,601 |   3,623 |   3,701
      USDA ..............................|      44 |      32 |      43 |      54 |      61 |      68 |      61 |      42
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|   2,694 |   2,542 |   3,089 |   3,353 |   3,934 |   3,956 |   4,107 |   3,730
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|  14,821 |  14,860 |  15,150 |  15,272 |  15,049 |  15,358 |  15,148 |  14,837
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|   1,872 |   1,980 |   2,007 |   1,974 |   2,229 |   2,349 |   2,306 |   2,412
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|   1,595 |   1,662 |   1,751 |   1,716 |   1,928 |   2,044 |   1,955 |   1,994
      FOREIGN ...........................|     277 |     318 |     256 |     258 |     301 |     305 |     351 |     418
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|   2,003 |   1,877 |   1,803 |   1,955 |   2,006 |   1,959 |   2,089 |   1,872
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 EARTH, ATMOSPHERIC, & OCEAN SCIENCES:   |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................|  10,435 |  10,199 |  10,027 |  10,262 |  10,395 |  11,011 |  11,385 |  11,507
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|   2,858 |   2,789 |   2,895 |   2,993 |   3,122 |   3,436 |   3,652 |   3,630
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|     499 |     461 |     435 |     452 |     452 |     472 |     517 |     494
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|      57 |      51 |      25 |      34 |      56 |      49 |      48 |      37
        NIH .............................|      24 |      19 |      17 |      21 |      23 |      43 |      41 |      36
        OTHER HHS .......................|      33 |      32 |       8 |      13 |      33 |       6 |       7 |       1
      NSF ...............................|   1,260 |   1,236 |   1,253 |   1,210 |   1,223 |   1,320 |   1,366 |   1,409
      USDA ..............................|      31 |      40 |      43 |      57 |      69 |      86 |      64 |      61
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|   1,011 |   1,001 |   1,139 |   1,240 |   1,322 |   1,509 |   1,657 |   1,629
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|   4,180 |   4,292 |   4,262 |   4,265 |   4,323 |   4,333 |   4,383 |   4,357
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|     986 |   1,025 |     990 |     952 |     975 |   1,006 |     928 |   1,023
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|     665 |     669 |     652 |     679 |     687 |     761 |     735 |     790
      FOREIGN ...........................|     321 |     356 |     338 |     273 |     288 |     245 |     193 |     233
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|   2,411 |   2,093 |   1,880 |   2,052 |   1,975 |   2,236 |   2,422 |   2,497
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES:                  |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................|  13,044 |  13,513 |  13,683 |  13,867 |  14,258 |  14,681 |  14,533 |  14,204
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|   1,090 |   1,190 |   1,221 |   1,335 |   1,505 |   1,499 |   1,477 |   1,398
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|     438 |     513 |     395 |     367 |     376 |     386 |     399 |     372
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|      30 |      28 |      36 |      49 |      69 |     118 |      80 |      76
        NIH .............................|      24 |      25 |      28 |      39 |      64 |     111 |      74 |      68
        OTHER HHS .......................|       6 |       3 |       8 |      10 |       5 |       7 |       6 |       8
      NSF ...............................|     436 |     463 |     475 |     491 |     452 |     457 |     470 |     510
      USDA ..............................|      16 |      20 |      22 |      23 |      21 |      25 |      28 |      16
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|     170 |     166 |     293 |     405 |     587 |     513 |     500 |     424
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|   8,836 |   9,131 |   9,373 |   9,489 |   9,531 |   9,578 |   9,394 |   9,437
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|     548 |     616 |     585 |     560 |     590 |     626 |     524 |     564
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|     239 |     350 |     348 |     317 |     321 |     356 |     303 |     333
      FOREIGN ...........................|     309 |     266 |     237 |     243 |     269 |     270 |     221 |     231
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|   2,570 |   2,576 |   2,504 |   2,483 |   2,632 |   2,978 |   3,138 |   2,805
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 COMPUTER SCIENCES:                      |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................|  15,336 |  15,133 |  15,606 |  16,689 |  16,516 |  17,462 |  17,355 |  16,691
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|   2,076 |   2,219 |   2,324 |   2,409 |   2,533 |   2,661 |   2,919 |   3,079
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|   1,132 |   1,214 |   1,164 |   1,129 |   1,131 |   1,210 |   1,327 |   1,356
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|      62 |      64 |      60 |      71 |      71 |     104 |     107 |     103
        NIH .............................|      61 |      64 |      53 |      62 |      65 |     101 |      99 |      95
        OTHER HHS .......................|       1 |       0 |       7 |       9 |       6 |       3 |       8 |       8
      NSF ...............................|     619 |     632 |     777 |     819 |     896 |     962 |   1,005 |   1,055
      USDA ..............................|      17 |      10 |       7 |      14 |       8 |       6 |       7 |       8
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|     246 |     299 |     316 |     376 |     427 |     379 |     473 |     557
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|   4,988 |   5,131 |   5,342 |   5,653 |   5,474 |   5,599 |   5,514 |   5,484
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|   1,260 |   1,312 |   1,278 |   1,281 |   1,322 |   1,356 |   1,394 |   1,371
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|     964 |     987 |     950 |     935 |     972 |   1,031 |   1,137 |   1,105
      FOREIGN ...........................|     296 |     325 |     328 |     346 |     350 |     325 |     257 |     266
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|   7,012 |   6,471 |   6,662 |   7,346 |   7,187 |   7,846 |   7,528 |   6,757
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES:                  |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................|   9,094 |   9,122 |   9,070 |   9,100 |   9,289 |   9,452 |   9,500 |   9,588
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|   1,721 |   1,785 |   1,817 |   1,812 |   1,896 |   1,993 |   1,982 |   1,944
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|      30 |      32 |      13 |      18 |      26 |      18 |      34 |      35
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|      30 |      34 |      37 |      45 |      46 |      41 |      32 |      50
        NIH .............................|      22 |      33 |      26 |      40 |      38 |      38 |      30 |      47
        OTHER HHS .......................|       8 |       1 |      11 |       5 |       8 |       3 |       2 |       3
      NSF ...............................|      61 |      50 |      48 |      65 |      61 |      76 |      75 |      87
      USDA ..............................|     945 |     959 |   1,064 |     963 |   1,117 |   1,110 |   1,157 |   1,151
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|     655 |     710 |     655 |     721 |     646 |     748 |     684 |     621
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|   3,591 |   3,481 |   3,463 |   3,450 |   3,535 |   3,621 |   3,650 |   3,822
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|   1,674 |   1,773 |   1,697 |   1,770 |   1,715 |   1,685 |   1,657 |   1,701
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|     836 |     951 |   1,026 |   1,101 |   1,059 |   1,099 |   1,171 |   1,183
      FOREIGN ...........................|     838 |     822 |     671 |     669 |     656 |     586 |     486 |     518
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|   2,108 |   2,083 |   2,093 |   2,068 |   2,143 |   2,153 |   2,211 |   2,121
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES:                    |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................|  38,235 |  39,209 |  40,348 |  40,945 |  42,700 |  44,398 |  46,523 |  47,949
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|  11,860 |  12,468 |  13,259 |  13,652 |  14,503 |  15,149 |  16,229 |  16,696
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|     247 |     282 |     250 |     222 |     223 |     232 |     271 |     342
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|   8,379 |   8,930 |   9,618 |   9,951 |  10,667 |  11,054 |  11,646 |  11,945
        NIH .............................|   8,053 |   8,663 |   9,265 |   9,584 |  10,215 |  10,637 |  11,315 |  11,427
        OTHER HHS .......................|     326 |     267 |     353 |     367 |     452 |     417 |     331 |     518
      NSF ...............................|   1,135 |   1,121 |   1,253 |   1,212 |   1,282 |   1,347 |   1,383 |   1,385
      USDA ..............................|     974 |     986 |     949 |     963 |   1,062 |   1,084 |   1,223 |   1,290
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|   1,125 |   1,149 |   1,189 |   1,304 |   1,269 |   1,432 |   1,706 |   1,734
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|  17,584 |  17,921 |  18,446 |  18,868 |  19,267 |  19,757 |  20,040 |  20,669
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|   3,123 |   3,385 |   3,433 |   3,536 |   3,735 |   3,790 |   3,866 |   4,166
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|   2,251 |   2,558 |   2,636 |   2,809 |   3,017 |   3,112 |   3,282 |   3,532
      FOREIGN ...........................|     872 |     827 |     797 |     727 |     718 |     678 |     584 |     634
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|   5,668 |   5,435 |   5,210 |   4,889 |   5,195 |   5,702 |   6,388 |   6,418
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 PSYCHOLOGY:                             |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................|  27,256 |  28,118 |  29,348 |  30,646 |  32,285 |  34,306 |  34,914 |  35,025
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|   2,049 |   2,166 |   2,207 |   2,394 |   2,492 |   2,587 |   2,658 |   2,599
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|     177 |     153 |     113 |     156 |     159 |     136 |     163 |     180
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|   1,006 |   1,120 |   1,179 |   1,274 |   1,342 |   1,399 |   1,424 |   1,377
        NIH .............................|     627 |     763 |     720 |     798 |     901 |     963 |   1,164 |   1,133
        OTHER HHS .......................|     379 |     357 |     459 |     476 |     441 |     436 |     260 |     244
      NSF ...............................|     246 |     233 |     236 |     262 |     268 |     285 |     316 |     291
      USDA ..............................|      18 |      25 |      29 |      37 |      24 |      19 |      15 |      38
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|     602 |     635 |     650 |     665 |     699 |     748 |     740 |     713
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|  10,893 |  11,181 |  11,631 |  12,157 |  12,303 |  12,747 |  13,274 |  12,973
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|   1,281 |   1,051 |   1,132 |   1,118 |   1,071 |   1,109 |   1,073 |   1,241
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|   1,219 |     987 |   1,077 |   1,060 |   1,015 |   1,052 |   1,026 |   1,167
      FOREIGN ...........................|      62 |      64 |      55 |      58 |      56 |      57 |      47 |      74
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|  13,033 |  13,720 |  14,378 |  14,977 |  16,419 |  17,863 |  17,909 |  18,212
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 SOCIAL SCIENCES:                        |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................|  43,491 |  43,815 |  45,290 |  48,514 |  50,650 |  54,280 |  55,715 |  56,316
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|   2,607 |   2,710 |   2,787 |   2,956 |   3,187 |   3,413 |   3,495 |   3,663
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|     151 |     179 |     184 |     221 |     247 |     247 |     273 |     267
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|     321 |     317 |     313 |     314 |     369 |     421 |     417 |     423
        NIH .............................|     206 |     207 |     201 |     210 |     268 |     297 |     303 |     286
        OTHER HHS .......................|     115 |     110 |     112 |     104 |     101 |     124 |     114 |     137
      NSF ...............................|     365 |     391 |     433 |     468 |     560 |     645 |     645 |     671
      USDA ..............................|     335 |     297 |     321 |     322 |     379 |     392 |     393 |     433
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|   1,435 |   1,526 |   1,536 |   1,631 |   1,632 |   1,708 |   1,767 |   1,869
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|  20,133 |  21,018 |  21,904 |  23,457 |  23,846 |  24,447 |  24,693 |  24,648
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|   3,420 |   3,234 |   3,241 |   3,194 |   3,288 |   3,614 |   3,566 |   3,878
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|   1,802 |   1,657 |   1,765 |   1,708 |   1,833 |   2,107 |   2,235 |   2,478
      FOREIGN ...........................|   1,618 |   1,577 |   1,476 |   1,486 |   1,455 |   1,507 |   1,331 |   1,400
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|  17,331 |  16,853 |  17,358 |  18,907 |  20,329 |  22,806 |  23,961 |  24,127
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 ENGINEERING, TOTAL:                     |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................|  61,931 |  63,006 |  64,381 |  65,986 |  71,048 |  74,433 |  73,814 |  71,647
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|  13,125 |  13,987 |  14,220 |  14,681 |  15,991 |  16,571 |  16,897 |  16,811
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|   4,590 |   4,992 |   4,835 |   4,724 |   4,882 |   4,962 |   5,149 |   4,699
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|     629 |     601 |     699 |     760 |     810 |     901 |     924 |     906
        NIH .............................|     515 |     531 |     618 |     661 |     724 |     798 |     794 |     782
        OTHER HHS .......................|     114 |      70 |      81 |      99 |      86 |     103 |     130 |     124
      NSF ...............................|   3,486 |   3,803 |   3,765 |   3,882 |   4,297 |   4,605 |   4,561 |   4,755
      USDA ..............................|     256 |     191 |     204 |     231 |     274 |     358 |     306 |     346
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|   4,164 |   4,400 |   4,717 |   5,084 |   5,728 |   5,745 |   5,957 |   6,105
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|  21,375 |  21,582 |  22,781 |  23,311 |  24,617 |  24,926 |  24,974 |  24,610
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|   9,811 |  10,088 |  10,082 |  10,381 |  10,630 |  10,550 |   9,717 |   9,455
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|   7,714 |   8,038 |   8,010 |   8,375 |   8,537 |   8,519 |   8,073 |   7,779
      FOREIGN ...........................|   2,097 |   2,050 |   2,072 |   2,006 |   2,093 |   2,031 |   1,644 |   1,676
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|  17,620 |  17,349 |  17,298 |  17,613 |  19,810 |  22,386 |  22,226 |  20,771
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING:                   |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................|   5,674 |   5,359 |   5,282 |   5,443 |   5,788 |   5,946 |   6,021 |   6,090
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|   1,501 |   1,452 |   1,459 |   1,529 |   1,598 |   1,654 |   1,748 |   1,715
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|     150 |     145 |     130 |      98 |     134 |     123 |     139 |     128
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|      78 |      83 |      87 |     121 |     132 |     166 |     141 |     173
        NIH .............................|      70 |      79 |      87 |     119 |     128 |     146 |     119 |     143
        OTHER HHS .......................|       8 |       4 |       0 |       2 |       4 |      20 |      22 |      30
      NSF ...............................|     692 |     683 |     654 |     679 |     664 |     699 |     730 |     749
      USDA ..............................|      24 |       7 |      13 |      27 |      16 |      38 |      52 |      54
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|     557 |     534 |     575 |     604 |     652 |     628 |     686 |     611
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|   2,055 |   2,021 |   1,976 |   2,105 |   2,282 |   2,308 |   2,340 |   2,431
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|   1,325 |   1,279 |   1,278 |   1,241 |   1,228 |   1,170 |   1,059 |   1,127
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|   1,197 |   1,166 |   1,184 |   1,142 |   1,111 |   1,072 |     960 |   1,023
      FOREIGN ...........................|     128 |     113 |      94 |      99 |     117 |      98 |      99 |     104
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|     793 |     607 |     569 |     568 |     680 |     814 |     874 |     817
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 CIVIL ENGINEERING:                      |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................|   9,628 |   9,946 |   9,964 |  10,128 |  11,328 |  12,454 |  12,458 |  12,654
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|   1,428 |   1,512 |   1,403 |   1,467 |   1,752 |   2,028 |   1,982 |   2,085
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|     277 |     327 |     280 |     235 |     273 |     349 |     328 |     321
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|      12 |       5 |      18 |      15 |      35 |      43 |      38 |      45
        NIH .............................|       8 |       3 |      16 |      11 |      31 |      38 |      30 |      37
        OTHER HHS .......................|       4 |       2 |       2 |       4 |       4 |       5 |       8 |       8
      NSF ...............................|     462 |     420 |     382 |     428 |     498 |     532 |     522 |     586
      USDA ..............................|      37 |      37 |      33 |      36 |      51 |      80 |      63 |      65
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|     640 |     723 |     690 |     753 |     895 |   1,024 |   1,031 |   1,068
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|   3,594 |   3,844 |   3,904 |   3,913 |   4,204 |   4,391 |   4,579 |   4,722
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|   1,083 |   1,108 |   1,200 |   1,256 |   1,339 |   1,477 |   1,267 |   1,269
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|     693 |     695 |     723 |     826 |     918 |   1,031 |     972 |     938
      FOREIGN ...........................|     390 |     413 |     477 |     430 |     421 |     446 |     295 |     331
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|   3,523 |   3,482 |   3,457 |   3,492 |   4,033 |   4,558 |   4,630 |   4,578
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING:                 |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................|  17,101 |  17,706 |  18,466 |  18,675 |  19,904 |  20,996 |  20,400 |  19,547
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|   3,060 |   3,467 |   3,476 |   3,571 |   3,866 |   4,061 |   4,106 |   4,058
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|   1,587 |   1,687 |   1,675 |   1,646 |   1,644 |   1,700 |   1,764 |   1,685
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|      88 |      97 |      61 |      77 |      85 |      90 |     103 |     100
        NIH .............................|      56 |      75 |      45 |      55 |      76 |      81 |      86 |      83
        OTHER HHS .......................|      32 |      22 |      16 |      22 |       9 |       9 |      17 |      17
      NSF ...............................|     852 |   1,135 |   1,084 |   1,133 |   1,278 |   1,388 |   1,285 |   1,344
      USDA ..............................|      15 |      11 |      14 |      16 |      18 |      24 |      11 |      24
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|     518 |     537 |     642 |     699 |     841 |     859 |     943 |     905
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|   5,586 |   5,724 |   6,390 |   6,355 |   6,640 |   6,856 |   6,741 |   6,435
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|   2,779 |   2,832 |   2,883 |   2,969 |   3,024 |   2,953 |   2,773 |   2,674
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|   2,198 |   2,372 |   2,389 |   2,443 |   2,492 |   2,450 |   2,336 |   2,248
      FOREIGN ...........................|     581 |     460 |     494 |     526 |     532 |     503 |     437 |     426
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|   5,676 |   5,683 |   5,717 |   5,780 |   6,374 |   7,126 |   6,780 |   6,380
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING:                 |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................|   4,155 |   4,294 |   4,664 |   4,779 |   5,607 |   6,088 |   5,905 |   5,796
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|     469 |     561 |     590 |     620 |     714 |     657 |     654 |     635
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|     213 |     284 |     289 |     310 |     292 |     276 |     259 |     182
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|      44 |      39 |      59 |      60 |      52 |      53 |      78 |      50
        NIH .............................|      23 |      22 |      25 |      27 |      16 |      22 |      36 |      28
        OTHER HHS .......................|      21 |      17 |      34 |      33 |      36 |      31 |      42 |      22
      NSF ...............................|      97 |     115 |     126 |     129 |     188 |     165 |     173 |     213
      USDA ..............................|       1 |       2 |       0 |       1 |       5 |       5 |       3 |       1
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|     114 |     121 |     116 |     120 |     177 |     158 |     141 |     189
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|   1,484 |   1,455 |   1,630 |   1,686 |   1,858 |   1,878 |   1,949 |   1,872
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|     448 |     504 |     533 |     571 |     496 |     568 |     493 |     541
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|     370 |     392 |     387 |     415 |     362 |     430 |     404 |     448
      FOREIGN ...........................|      78 |     112 |     146 |     156 |     134 |     138 |      89 |      93
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|   1,754 |   1,774 |   1,911 |   1,902 |   2,539 |   2,985 |   2,809 |   2,748
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING:                 |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................|  10,230 |  10,416 |  10,492 |  10,867 |  11,687 |  12,383 |  12,395 |  11,796
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|   2,266 |   2,435 |   2,485 |   2,532 |   2,730 |   2,790 |   2,999 |   2,904
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|     770 |     819 |     840 |     751 |     738 |     730 |     797 |     745
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|      84 |      70 |      61 |      69 |      71 |      87 |      86 |      80
        NIH .............................|      67 |      65 |      54 |      68 |      58 |      77 |      70 |      71
        OTHER HHS .......................|      17 |       5 |       7 |       1 |      13 |      10 |      16 |       9
      NSF ...............................|     593 |     661 |     632 |     639 |     732 |     786 |     812 |     790
      USDA ..............................|      15 |      16 |      28 |      26 |      29 |      26 |       9 |      10
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|     804 |     869 |     924 |   1,047 |   1,160 |   1,161 |   1,295 |   1,279
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|   3,861 |   3,783 |   3,854 |   4,043 |   4,287 |   4,400 |   4,231 |   4,059
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|   1,527 |   1,536 |   1,542 |   1,599 |   1,686 |   1,618 |   1,561 |   1,577
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|   1,289 |   1,303 |   1,327 |   1,383 |   1,415 |   1,401 |   1,391 |   1,337
      FOREIGN ...........................|     238 |     233 |     215 |     216 |     271 |     217 |     170 |     240
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|   2,576 |   2,662 |   2,611 |   2,693 |   2,984 |   3,575 |   3,604 |   3,256
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 OTHER ENGINEERING:                      |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................|  15,143 |  15,285 |  15,513 |  16,094 |  16,734 |  16,566 |  16,635 |  15,764
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|   4,401 |   4,560 |   4,807 |   4,962 |   5,331 |   5,381 |   5,408 |   5,414
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|   1,593 |   1,730 |   1,621 |   1,684 |   1,801 |   1,784 |   1,862 |   1,638
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|     323 |     307 |     413 |     418 |     435 |     462 |     478 |     458
        NIH .............................|     291 |     287 |     391 |     381 |     415 |     434 |     453 |     420
        OTHER HHS .......................|      32 |      20 |      22 |      37 |      20 |      28 |      25 |      38
      NSF ...............................|     790 |     789 |     887 |     874 |     937 |   1,035 |   1,039 |   1,073
      USDA ..............................|     164 |     118 |     116 |     125 |     155 |     185 |     168 |     192
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|   1,531 |   1,616 |   1,770 |   1,861 |   2,003 |   1,915 |   1,861 |   2,053
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|   4,795 |   4,755 |   5,027 |   5,209 |   5,346 |   5,093 |   5,134 |   5,091
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|   2,649 |   2,829 |   2,646 |   2,745 |   2,857 |   2,764 |   2,564 |   2,267
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|   1,967 |   2,110 |   2,000 |   2,166 |   2,239 |   2,135 |   2,010 |   1,785
      FOREIGN ...........................|     682 |     719 |     646 |     579 |     618 |     629 |     554 |     482
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|   3,298 |   3,141 |   3,033 |   3,178 |   3,200 |   3,328 |   3,529 |   2,992
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 TOTAL, HEALTH FIELDS:                   |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SOURCES ...................|  23,861 |  24,530 |  25,809 |  27,416 |  29,847 |  32,077 |  35,634 |  39,007
    FEDERAL, TOTAL ......................|   6,440 |   6,321 |   6,475 |   6,769 |   6,965 |   7,328 |   7,283 |   7,784
      DEPT. OF DEFENSE ..................|     239 |     245 |     367 |     376 |     417 |     399 |     435 |     382
      DEPT. OF HHS, TOTAL ...............|   4,580 |   4,604 |   4,571 |   4,900 |   4,987 |   5,110 |   5,127 |   5,527
        NIH .............................|   1,482 |   1,408 |   1,448 |   1,629 |   1,846 |   2,050 |   2,244 |   2,390
        OTHER HHS .......................|   3,098 |   3,196 |   3,123 |   3,271 |   3,141 |   3,060 |   2,883 |   3,137
      NSF ...............................|      51 |      49 |      48 |      49 |      56 |      70 |      89 |     117
      USDA ..............................|      48 |      31 |      46 |      58 |      60 |      69 |      78 |      74
      ALL OTHER FEDERAL .................|   1,522 |   1,392 |   1,443 |   1,386 |   1,445 |   1,680 |   1,554 |   1,684
    INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT ...............|   5,881 |   6,179 |   6,820 |   7,163 |   7,471 |   7,630 |   8,115 |   8,417
    OTHER OUTSIDE SUPPORT, TOTAL ........|   1,503 |   1,277 |   1,408 |   1,373 |   1,523 |   1,697 |   1,746 |   1,881
      ALL OTHER U.S. ....................|     993 |     881 |     928 |     908 |   1,063 |   1,237 |   1,303 |   1,423
      FOREIGN ...........................|     510 |     396 |     480 |     465 |     460 |     460 |     443 |     458
    SELF-SUPPORT ........................|  10,037 |  10,753 |  11,106 |  12,111 |  13,888 |  15,422 |  18,490 |  20,925
                                         |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 1/  THESE FIGURES INCLUDE ESTIMATED DATA FOR MASTER'S-GRANTING
     INSTITUTIONS, WHICH WERE SURVEYED ON A SAMPLE BASIS FROM 1985 THROUGH
     1987.  SEE "TECHNICAL NOTES" FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.
 KEY:      NA = NOT AVAILABLE
 SOURCE:   NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION/SRS, SURVEY OF GRADUATE STUDENTS
     AND POSTDOCTORATES IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING