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Selected Tables

Selected Data on Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering: Fall 1994


 TABLE 8.  GRADUATE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, AND HEALTH FIELDS IN ALL
                        INSTITUTIONS, BY FIELD: 1987-94

 __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
                   FIELD                   | 1987 1/ |  1988   |  1989   |  1990   |  1991   |  1992   |  1993   |  1994
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   TOTAL, ALL SURVEYED FIELDS .............| 421,585 | 424,730 | 434,718 | 452,388 | 471,474 | 493,761 | 504,975 | 506,626
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 TOTAL, SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING FIELDS ....| 373,414 | 375,384 | 382,873 | 397,333 | 412,916 | 430,794 | 436,436 | 433,152
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
  SCIENCES, TOTAL .........................| 269,477 | 272,573 | 278,859 | 289,717 | 299,344 | 312,762 | 319,574 | 319,287
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   PHYSICAL SCIENCES ......................|  32,727 |  32,962 |  33,616 |  34,075 |  34,738 |  35,349 |  35,318 |  34,484
    ASTRONOMY .............................|     719 |     731 |     789 |     810 |     829 |     869 |     880 |     973
    CHEMISTRY .............................|  18,827 |  18,579 |  18,828 |  19,118 |  19,407 |  19,929 |  20,131 |  19,809
    PHYSICS ...............................|  12,807 |  13,308 |  13,657 |  13,813 |  14,081 |  14,122 |  13,841 |  13,185
    PHYSICAL SCIENCES, N.E.C. .............|     374 |     344 |     342 |     334 |     421 |     429 |     466 |     517
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   EARTH, ATMOSPHERIC, & OCEAN SCIENCES ...|  14,371 |  13,905 |  13,668 |  14,024 |  14,532 |  15,413 |  15,875 |  16,095
    ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES ..................|     952 |     940 |     912 |     929 |     968 |   1,089 |   1,112 |   1,109
    GEOSCIENCES ...........................|   8,998 |   8,463 |   8,052 |   7,692 |   7,567 |   7,744 |   7,785 |   7,741
    OCEANOGRAPHY ..........................|   2,127 |   2,033 |   2,207 |   2,333 |   2,386 |   2,530 |   2,611 |   2,853
    EARTH, ATMOS., & OCEAN SCI., N.E.C. ...|   2,294 |   2,469 |   2,497 |   3,070 |   3,611 |   4,050 |   4,367 |   4,392
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES ..................|  18,524 |  19,096 |  19,284 |  19,794 |  19,970 |  20,367 |  20,009 |  19,636
    MATHEMATICS & APPLIED MATHEMATICS .....|  16,031 |  16,509 |  16,760 |  17,116 |  17,224 |  17,416 |  16,954 |  16,508
    STATISTICS ............................|   2,493 |   2,587 |   2,524 |   2,678 |   2,746 |   2,951 |   3,055 |   3,128
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   COMPUTER SCIENCES ......................|  32,051 |  32,227 |  32,482 |  34,257 |  34,610 |  36,142 |  36,114 |  33,973
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ..................|  11,118 |  11,135 |  11,190 |  11,316 |  11,506 |  11,827 |  11,953 |  12,309
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES ....................|  46,747 |  47,565 |  48,852 |  49,989 |  51,778 |  54,186 |  56,526 |  58,199
    ANATOMY ...............................|   1,016 |   1,056 |   1,078 |   1,000 |   1,051 |   1,030 |   1,027 |   1,088
    BIOCHEMISTRY ..........................|   4,813 |   4,921 |   5,082 |   5,039 |   5,201 |   5,376 |   5,513 |   5,568
    BIOLOGY ...............................|  12,331 |  12,393 |  12,761 |  13,027 |  13,292 |  13,874 |  14,361 |  14,324
    BIOMETRY/EPIDEMIOLOGY .................|   1,556 |   1,682 |   1,722 |   1,871 |   2,032 |   2,365 |   2,658 |   2,710
    BIOPHYSICS ............................|     591 |     592 |     655 |     642 |     697 |     751 |     780 |     793
    BOTANY ................................|   2,979 |   2,912 |   2,826 |   2,733 |   2,694 |   2,689 |   2,714 |   2,748
    CELL BIOLOGY ..........................|   1,964 |   2,078 |   2,234 |   2,555 |   2,809 |   3,093 |   3,391 |   3,851
    ECOLOGY ...............................|     963 |     999 |   1,084 |   1,136 |   1,180 |   1,301 |   1,410 |   1,566
    ENTOMOLOGY/PARASITOLOGY ...............|   1,244 |   1,240 |   1,181 |   1,173 |   1,171 |   1,193 |   1,247 |   1,263
    GENETICS ..............................|   1,314 |   1,289 |   1,365 |   1,408 |   1,520 |   1,639 |   1,785 |   1,699
    MICROBIO., IMMUNOLOGY, & VIROLOGY .....|   4,452 |   4,773 |   4,827 |   4,873 |   4,928 |   4,972 |   5,068 |   5,130
    NUTRITION .............................|   4,158 |   4,132 |   4,164 |   4,172 |   4,164 |   4,159 |   4,388 |   4,747
    PATHOLOGY .............................|   1,369 |   1,333 |   1,369 |   1,354 |   1,449 |   1,456 |   1,583 |   1,716
    PHARMACOLOGY ..........................|   2,072 |   2,124 |   2,267 |   2,353 |   2,432 |   2,538 |   2,655 |   2,837
    PHYSIOLOGY ............................|   2,213 |   2,220 |   2,206 |   2,236 |   2,332 |   2,317 |   2,372 |   2,378
    ZOOLOGY ...............................|   2,104 |   2,029 |   2,083 |   2,104 |   2,191 |   2,139 |   2,120 |   2,092
    BIOSCIENCES, N.E.C. ...................|   1,608 |   1,792 |   1,948 |   2,313 |   2,635 |   3,294 |   3,454 |   3,689
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   PSYCHOLOGY .............................|  42,612 |  43,963 |  45,528 |  48,198 |  51,382 |  53,641 |  54,719 |  54,938
    PSYCHOLOGY, GENERAL ...................|     267 |  15,443 |  16,822 |  18,174 |  20,993 |  22,749 |  23,294 |  24,025
    CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY ...................|  41,726 |  20,714 |  19,581 |  20,298 |  19,743 |  18,975 |  19,075 |  18,379
    PSYCHOLOGY, N.E.C. ....................|     619 |   7,806 |   9,125 |   9,726 |  10,646 |  11,917 |  12,350 |  12,534
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
   SOCIAL SCIENCES ........................|  71,327 |  71,720 |  74,239 |  78,064 |  80,828 |  85,837 |  89,060 |  89,653
    AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS ................|   2,203 |   2,259 |   2,276 |   2,273 |   2,364 |   2,522 |   2,415 |   2,289
    ANTHROPOLOGY (CULTURAL & SOCIAL) ......|   5,835 |   5,945 |   6,128 |   6,479 |   6,731 |   7,123 |   7,361 |   7,669
    ECONOMICS (EXCEPT AGRICULTURAL) .......|  11,998 |  12,036 |  12,139 |  12,326 |  12,707 |  13,252 |  13,214 |  13,174
    GEOGRAPHY .............................|   3,223 |   3,208 |   3,479 |   3,530 |   3,760 |   4,102 |   4,378 |   4,476
    HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE .....|     294 |     288 |     304 |     331 |     337 |     360 |     369 |     387
    LINGUISTICS ...........................|   3,282 |   3,243 |   3,286 |   3,404 |   3,425 |   3,277 |   3,346 |   3,325
    POLITICAL SCIENCE .....................|  27,488 |  27,781 |  29,265 |  30,675 |  31,782 |  33,867 |  35,339 |  34,607
    SOCIOLOGY .............................|   7,026 |   7,117 |   7,405 |   7,800 |   8,381 |   8,973 |   9,356 |   9,451
    SOCIOLOGY/ANTHROPOLOGY ................|     942 |     960 |     988 |   1,165 |     911 |     995 |     959 |   1,011
    SOCIAL SCIENCES, N.E.C. ...............|   9,036 |   8,883 |   8,969 |  10,081 |  10,430 |  11,366 |  12,323 |  13,264
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
  ENGINEERING, TOTAL ......................| 103,937 | 102,811 | 104,014 | 107,616 | 113,572 | 118,032 | 116,862 | 113,865
   AEROSPACE ENGINEERING ..................|   3,015 |   3,223 |   3,524 |   3,934 |   4,120 |   4,036 |   3,940 |   3,714
   AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING ...............|   1,080 |   1,052 |   1,043 |     946 |     986 |   1,008 |   1,018 |   1,061
   BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING .................|   1,674 |   1,752 |   1,916 |   2,136 |   2,239 |   2,537 |   2,675 |   2,721
   CHEMICAL ENGINEERING ...................|   7,111 |   6,618 |   6,460 |   6,735 |   7,127 |   7,397 |   7,496 |   7,738
   CIVIL ENGINEERING ......................|  14,682 |  14,811 |  14,909 |  15,542 |  17,398 |  19,572 |  19,583 |  20,030
   ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING .................|  31,399 |  32,035 |  33,257 |  33,722 |  35,182 |  36,460 |  35,337 |  33,715
   ENGINEERING SCIENCE ....................|   2,343 |   2,386 |   2,077 |   2,020 |   2,154 |   2,218 |   2,180 |   2,089
   INDUSTRIAL ENG./MANAGEMENT SCI. ........|  12,204 |  11,375 |  11,065 |  11,239 |  12,669 |  13,522 |  13,593 |  13,424
   MECHANICAL ENGINEERING .................|  16,366 |  16,151 |  16,265 |  16,879 |  17,730 |  18,637 |  18,477 |  17,730
   METALLURGICAL/MATERIALS ENG. ...........|   4,366 |   4,337 |   4,594 |   4,941 |   5,160 |   5,512 |   5,363 |   5,191
   MINING ENGINEERING .....................|     513 |     489 |     418 |     437 |     489 |     437 |     427 |     424
   NUCLEAR ENGINEERING ....................|   1,279 |   1,303 |   1,323 |   1,278 |   1,282 |   1,286 |   1,306 |   1,246
   PETROLEUM ENGINEERING ..................|     818 |     742 |     665 |     670 |     705 |     737 |     725 |     619
   ENGINEERING, N.E.C. ....................|   7,087 |   6,537 |   6,498 |   7,137 |   6,331 |   4,673 |   4,742 |   4,163
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 TOTAL, HEALTH FIELDS .....................|  48,171 |  49,346 |  51,845 |  55,055 |  58,558 |  62,967 |  68,539 |  73,474
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
  MEDICAL FIELDS ..........................|   9,809 |  10,063 |  10,207 |  10,910 |  11,655 |  12,528 |  14,114 |  15,071
   ANESTHESIOLOGY .........................|     178 |     274 |     355 |     391 |     529 |     708 |     719 |     731
   CARDIOLOGY .............................|       0 |       0 |       0 |       0 |       2 |       8 |      11 |      14
   ONCOLOGY/CANCER RESEARCH ...............|      81 |      89 |     104 |     113 |     156 |     197 |     209 |     208
   ENDOCRINOLOGY ..........................|      63 |      70 |      82 |      74 |      66 |      71 |      63 |      63
   GASTROENTEROLOGY .......................|       0 |       0 |       0 |       1 |       0 |       0 |       1 |       0
   HEMATOLOGY .............................|       7 |       6 |       4 |       4 |       4 |       5 |       3 |       2
   NEUROLOGY ..............................|     503 |     612 |     744 |     844 |   1,003 |   1,149 |   1,311 |   1,464
   OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY ..............|       8 |       9 |       7 |       5 |      10 |       3 |       3 |       2
   OPHTHALMOLOGY ..........................|      19 |      51 |      43 |      37 |      32 |      27 |      19 |      32
   OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY ....................|       8 |       6 |       9 |       4 |       3 |       0 |       1 |       2
   PEDIATRICS .............................|     218 |     227 |     136 |     140 |     153 |     154 |     196 |     261
   PREVENTIVE MEDICINE/COMMUNITY HEALTH ...|   7,556 |   7,578 |   7,597 |   8,127 |   8,371 |   8,671 |   9,906 |  10,444
   PSYCHIATRY .............................|     157 |     154 |     111 |     122 |     104 |     147 |     172 |     319
   PULMONARY DISEASE ......................|       2 |       3 |       2 |       0 |       0 |       0 |       0 |       0
   RADIOLOGY ..............................|     183 |     208 |     192 |     196 |     233 |     252 |     287 |     320
   SURGERY ................................|      60 |      64 |      72 |      65 |      69 |      76 |      82 |      74
   CLINICAL MEDICINE, N.E.C. ..............|     766 |     712 |     749 |     787 |     920 |   1,060 |   1,131 |   1,135
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 OTHER HEALTH FIELDS ......................|  38,362 |  39,283 |  41,638 |  44,145 |  46,903 |  50,439 |  54,425 |  58,403
  DENTAL SCIENCES .........................|   1,022 |   1,048 |   1,004 |     956 |   1,016 |   1,121 |   1,135 |   1,195
  NURSING .................................|  18,444 |  18,862 |  19,689 |  21,194 |  22,012 |  23,213 |  24,781 |  26,956
  PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES .................|   2,607 |   2,613 |   2,787 |   2,889 |   2,968 |   2,804 |   2,871 |   2,901
  SPEECH PATHOLOGY/AUDIOLOGY ..............|   7,314 |   7,479 |   7,911 |   8,354 |   8,945 |   9,791 |  10,740 |  11,376
  VETERINARY SCIENCES .....................|     731 |     752 |     801 |     900 |     894 |     942 |     877 |     875
  HEALTH RELATED, N.E.C. ..................|   8,244 |   8,529 |   9,446 |   9,852 |  11,068 |  12,568 |  14,021 |  15,100
                                           |         |         |         |         |         |         |         |
 __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 1/  THESE FIGURES INCLUDE ESTIMATED DATA FOR MASTER'S-GRANTING
     INSTITUTIONS, WHICH WERE SURVEYED ON A SAMPLE BASIS FROM 1985 THROUGH
     1987.  SEE "TECHNICAL NOTES" FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.
 KEY:      N.E.C.= NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED
 SOURCE:   NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION/SRS, SURVEY OF GRADUATE STUDENTS
     AND POSTDOCTORATES IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING