The data described in this report were collected in the 23rd annual National Science Foundation/National Institutes of Health (NSF/NIH) Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering, covering fall 1994. This publication describes the survey and characteristics of the database. The survey universe is composed of all U.S. institutions with departments or programs offering courses of study at the postbaccalaureate level in any science and engineering (S&E) field. Medical schools and other specialized institutions in health-related fields with postdoctoral programs or S&E master's or doctoral programs are also included. The 1994 survey universe included 345 doctorate-granting institutions and 259 master's-granting institutions.
The Technical Notes present a description of the survey universe, the survey instruments, the survey methodology, the survey response analysis, changes in data items and data revisions. The Summaries of Selected Departmental Responses present data for all institutions, by broad science and engineering field, and summary statistics for doctorate-granting institutions, master's-granting institutions, and other selected groups of institutions.
Detailed data are available in several publications. Selected Data on Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering includes tables summarizing results on all topics covered by the questionnaire. To meet the needs of those interested in more detailed data of a specific type, NSF has developed a series of Supplementary Data Releases focusing on specific data topics.
Tables in these publications showing data for doctorate-granting institutions include all institutions with any school (medical school, dental school, etc.) or branch campus that granted S&E doctorates for all years in which such degrees were offered. This definition differs from that used by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), which considers only those institutions that granted "significant numbers" of doctoral degrees to be doctorate-granting institutions.
Selected data items for individual doctorate-granting institutions are available on computer-generated institutional profiles. These profiles cover data from this survey as well as data collected in NSF's other academic S&E surveys covering research and development (R&D) expenditures and Federal support to academic institutions. Institutional profiles for any institution or group of institutions can be ordered by institutional FICE code through Mr. Richard Bennof. He can be reached at
Institutional planners can now obtain data from several academic S&E resources on CD-ROM compact disc. The compact disc contains the Computer-Aided Science Policy Analysis and Research (CASPAR) database system, which is an easy-to-use tool for the retrieval and analysis of statistical data on academic science and engineering resources. CASPAR provides an extensive and growing data library with multiyear statistics on the state of higher education in general and on academic S&E resources specifically. This data library is based on a set of standard institutional and field-of-science definitions across the multiple sources used to develop the database. The CASPAR program includes built-in help capabilities to facilitate the use and interpretation of the data.
CASPAR data are drawn from a number of sources. All data are available for individual institutions, by state, and at the national level. Longitudinal data from surveys of universities and colleges conducted by the NSF Division of Science Resources Studies include the R&D Expenditures Survey and the Federal Support Survey besides the Graduate Student Survey. Data from the surveys of universities and colleges conducted by NCES include Earned Degrees, Opening Fall Enrollment, Faculty Salaries, Tenure and Fringe Benefits, and Financial Statistics. Data from other sources include the National Research Council Doctorate Program Ratings. For additional information on CASPAR, contact