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ARRA Funding Raises R&D Expenditures within Federally Funded R&D Centers 11% to $16.8 Billion in FY 2010

NSF 12-315 | March 2012 | PDF format. PDF  
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by Ronda Britt[1]

Research and development expenditures at the nation's 39 federally funded R&D centers (FFRDCs) rose from $15.2 billion in FY 2009 to $16.8 billion[2] in FY 2010, according to data from the National Science Foundation (NSF) FFRDC Research and Development Survey. Over $1 billion of the FY 2010 total was supplied by funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) (table 1). This 10.6% increase is the largest one-year increase since 2002, when expenditures increased 14.5% to $11.5 billion. Between FY 2002 and 2009, FFRDC expenditures increased an average of 5% each year, with the exception of a brief stall in FY 2006 (figure 1).

TABLE 1. R&D expenditures at federally funded research and development centers, by source of funding and type of FFRDC: FY 2010
(Dollars in thousands)
FFRDC Total R&D
expenditures
All federal
R&D
expenditures
ARRA Federal R&D
expenditures funded by
ARRA (%)
All FFRDCs 16,814,698 16,367,226 1,072,079 6.6
University-administered FFRDCs 5,341,437 5,188,709 377,139 7.3
Nonprofit-administered FFRDCs 4,190,128 4,042,711 333,821 8.3
Industry-administered FFRDCs 7,283,133 7,135,806 361,119 5.1

ARRA = American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009; FFRDC = federally funded research and development center.

SOURCE:  National Science Foundation/National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, FFRDC Research and Development Survey, FY 2010.

  Table 1 Source Data: Excel file

FIGURE 1. Total and federally financed R&D expenditures at federally funded R&D centers: FY 2001–10.

  Figure 1 Source Data: Excel file

FFRDCs are privately operated R&D organizations that are exclusively or substantially financed by the federal government.[3] FFRDCs provide the sponsoring federal agencies with capabilities to meet special long-term R&D needs that cannot be met as effectively by existing in-house or by contractor resources. Each FFRDC is operated, managed, and/or administered by a university or university consortium, a nonprofit organization, or an industrial firm, either as an autonomous organization or as a separate operating unit.[4]

Federal funding accounted for 97.3% ($16.4 billion) of the FFRDC's total expenditures in FY 2010. Since 2001 the federal government has consistently provided over 96% of the funding to the FFRDCs each year, and the FFRDCs' federally funded R&D expenditures have increased 69%, from $9.7 billion in FY 2001 to $16.4 billion in FY 2010.

The laboratories, centers, and institutes that are designated as FFRDCs conduct work within a variety of fields, such as physics, engineering, astronomy, computer science, and psychology. Similar to the proportions in previous years, in FY 2010 basic research activities accounted for 39% of total FFRDC R&D expenditures; applied research, 31%; and development, 30%.

Five FFRDCs reported ARRA-funded expenditures of over $100 million in FY 2010: the Jet Propulsion Laboratory ($101 million), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ($113 million), Oak Ridge National Laboratory ($135 million), Los Alamos National Laboratory ($139 million), and the National Cancer Institute at Frederick ($183 million) (table 2). ARRA provided the funding for nearly 30% of the National Cancer Institute's total R&D expenditures in FY 2010 and was responsible for 50% ($48 million) of the FY 2010 R&D expenditures at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility.

TABLE 2. R&D expenditures at federally funded research and development centers, by source of funds and FFRDC: FY 2010
(Dollars in thousands)
FFRDC Total R&D
expenditures
All federal R&D
expenditures
ARRA-funded
expenditures
All FFRDCs 16,814,698 16,367,226 1,072,079
University-administered FFRDCs 5,341,437 5,188,709 377,139
Ames Lab. 30,836 30,289 30
Argonne National Lab. 650,504 603,841 77,017
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. 402,658 402,150 19,474
Jet Propulsion Lab. 1,640,341 1,640,341 101,205
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. 759,381 703,564 80,399
Lincoln Lab. 789,502 785,774 NA
National Astronomy and Ionosphere Ctr. 13,203 13,084 0
National Ctr. for Atmospheric Research 220,328 188,960 464
National Optical Astronomy Observatories 64,983 60,758 9,125
National Radio Astronomy Observatory 137,607 136,748 2,539
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. 83,932 83,521 6,132
SLAC National Accelerator Lab. 354,393 350,377 32,796
Software Engineering Institute 99,334 96,595 12
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility 94,435 92,707 47,946
Nonprofit-administered FFRDCs 4,190,128 4,042,711 333,821
Aerospace FFRDC 44,149 12,962 0
Arroyo Ctr. 28,647 28,647 0
Brookhaven National Lab. 535,546 515,142 49,712
C3I FFRDC 43,650 43,650 0
Ctr. for Advanced Aviation System Development 7,617 7,617 0
Ctr. for Communications and Computing 71,927 71,927 0
Ctr. for Enterprise Modernizationa 10,126 10,126 0
Ctr. for Naval Analyses 109,068 93,310 0
Ctr. for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses 15,346 14,860 0
Homeland Security Studies and Analysis Instituteb 33,402 33,402 0
Homeland Security Systems Engineering and Development Instituteb 1,271 1,271 0
National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Ctr. 50,058 50,058 0
National Defense Research Institute 51,652 51,652 0
National Renewable Energy Lab. 326,652 315,568 36,383
Oak Ridge National Lab. 1,538,412 1,494,690 134,856
Pacific Northwest National Lab. 1,116,648 1,091,872 112,870
Project Air Force 43,957 43,957 0
Science and Technology Policy Institute 6,000 6,000 0
Studies and Analyses Ctr. 156,000 156,000 0
Industry-administered FFRDCs 7,283,133 7,135,806 361,119
Idaho National Lab. 478,356 463,843 3,536
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. 1,370,747 1,323,623 3,624
Los Alamos National Lab. 2,505,913 2,470,421 139,376
National Cancer Institute at Frederick 643,935 643,935 183,335
Sandia National Labs. 2,157,022 2,106,824 14,073
Savannah River National Lab. 127,160 127,160 17,175

NA = not available; data were not provided by institution.

ARRA = American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009; FFRDC = federally funded research and development center.

a In prior-year tables the Center for Enterprise Modernization was listed as the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) FFRDC.
b On 5 March 2009 the Homeland Security Studies and Analysis Institute and the Homeland Security Systems Engineering and Development Institute were created. These new FFRDCs replaced the Homeland Security Institute.

SOURCE:  National Science Foundation/National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, FFRDC Research and Development Survey, FY 2010.

  Table 2 Source Data: Excel file

Data Sources and Limitations

The statistics on FFRDC R&D presented in this report come from the FY 2010 NSF FFRDC R&D Survey. This annual survey is completed by FFRDC administrators and collects data from the FFRDCs on R&D expenditures by source of funds (federal, state and local, business, nonprofit organizations, or other), character of work (basic research, applied research, or development), and type of cost (salaries, software, equipment, subcontracts, or indirect costs). This survey has been a census of the full population of FFRDCs since FY 2001.

The survey was redesigned for FY 2010 to update the sources of funding categories and to include three additional questions. A separate source of funding category was added for "Nonprofit organizations," the seldom used category of "Institutional funds" was deleted, and the "Industry" category was renamed "Business" to be comparable with other National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) surveys. The three new questions asked for the total R&D expenditures funded by ARRA, R&D expenditures by type of cost, and the total operating budget of the FFRDC. Finally, the instructions were revised to explicitly include clinical trial expenditures as well as research training grants in the definition of R&D.

The full set of detailed tables from this survey will be available in the report FFRDC Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2010 at http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/ffrdc/. Individual detailed tables from the FY 2010 survey may be available in advance of publication of the full report. For further information, please contact the author.

Notes

[1]  Ronda Britt, Research and Development Statistics Program, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 965, Arlington, VA 22230 (rbritt@nsf.gov; 703-292-7765).

[2]  R&D expenditures presented in this report are in current dollars.

[3]  Several FFRDCs are prohibited from accepting nonfederal R&D funding.

[4]  For a description of the federal guidelines and definitions governing FFRDCs, see the "General Notes" section of the NSF's Master Government List of FFRDCs at http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/ffrdclist/gennotes.cfm. The Master Government List of FFRDCs is accessible at http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/ffrdclist/.


National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics
ARRA Funding Raises R&D Expenditures within Federally Funded
R&D Centers 11% to $16.8 Billion in FY 2010

Arlington, VA (NSF 12-315) [March 2012]


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