State Science and Engineering Profiles and R&D Patterns: 1997-98

Data sources for Science and Engineering (S&E) State Profiles

     Doctoral scientists and doctoral engineers. National Science Foundation/Division of Science Resources Studies. Characteristics of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers: 1997 (Early Release Tables), associated with Data Brief NSF 99-340, April 15, 1999 (Arlington, VA, 1999).

     S&E doctorates awarded. National Science Foundation/Division of Science Resources Studies. Science and Engineering Doctorate Awards: 1998, NSF 00-304 (Arlington, VA, 1999).

     S&E postdoctorates and S&E graduate students. National Science Foundation/Division of Science Resources Studies. Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering: Fall 1997, NSF 99-325 (Arlington, VA, 1999), and unpublished tables.

     Population. U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Press release CB 98-242, "Population Growth Accelerates in California, Slows in Rest of the West, Census Bureau Reports" (Washington, D.C., December 1998).

     Civilian labor force. U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. State and Regional Unemployment, 1998 Annual Averages (news release), USDL 99-46, February 26, 1999.

     Personal income per capita. U.S. Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Survey of Current Business, Volume 79 (Washington, D.C., May 1999).

     Total Federal Expenditures. U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Consolidated Federal Funds Report: 1998 (State and County Areas) (Washington, D.C., April 1999).

     Federal R&D obligations. National Science Foundation/Division of Science Resources Studies. Federal Funds for Research and Development FY 1997, 1998, 1999, NSF 99-333 (Arlington, VA, 1999).

     Total R&D performance. National Science Foundation/Division of Science Resources Studies. National Patterns of R&D Resources 1999 Update associated with Data Brief NSF 99-357, October 4, 1999 (Arlington, VA, 1999).

     Industry R&D. National Science Foundation/Division of Science Resources Studies. Research and Development in Industry: 1997, NSF 99-358 (Arlington, VA, 1999).

     Academic R&D. National Science Foundation/Division of Science Resources Studies. Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1997, NSF 99-336 (Arlington, VA, 1999).

     Higher education current-fund expenditures. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Digest of Education Statistics 1999 (Washington. D.C., 1999).

     Number of SBIR awards. U.S. Small Business Administration, Office of Technology. Small Business Innovation Development Act (Washington, D.C.). Annual reports covering data for fiscal years 1990-98.

     Patents issued to State residents. U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Patent Counts by Country/State and Year: Utility Patents 1963-98, (Washington, D.C., March 1999).

     Gross State product. U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic Analysis Division (Washington, D.C., June 1999).

     Puerto Rico's personal income per capita and gross State product. Puerto Rico Federal Affairs Administration, Office of the Governor, Washington, D.C.


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