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women and minorities
Introduction Chapter 1: Elementary and Secondary Education Chapter 2: Undergraduate Enrollment Chapter 3: Undergraduate Degrees Chapter 4: Graduate Enrollment Chapter 5: Graduate Degrees Chapter 6: Employment Technical Notes Appendix Tables
Chapter Contents:
Overview
Differences in coursetaking and achievement
Factors related to coursetaking and achievement
High school completion
References
 
Sidebars
Appendix Tables
List of Figures
Presentation Slides

Precollege Education

References

College Board. 2000. Advanced Placement Program National Summary Reports. New York.

Congressional Commission on the Advancement of Women and Minorities in Science, Engineering, and Technology Development (CAWMSET). 2000. Land of Plenty: Diversity as America's Competitive Edge in Science, Engineering and Technology. Arlington, VA.

Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO). 2000. Key State Education Policies on K–12 Education: 2000. Washington, DC.

Darling-Hammond, L. 1999. Teacher Quality and Student Achievement: A Review of State Policy Evidence. Seattle: Center for the Study of Teaching and Policy.

Ekstrom, R. B., M. E. Goertz, and D. Rock. 1988. Education and American Youth. Philadelphia: The Falmer Press.

Elmore, R. F., and R. Rothman, eds. 1999. Testing, Teaching, and Learning: A Guide for States and School Districts. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Ferguson, R. F. 1998. Can schools narrow the black-white test score gap? In C. Jencks and M. Phillips, eds., The Black-White Test Score Gap. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

Goldhaber, D. D., and D. J. Brewer. 1997. Evaluating the effect of teacher degree level on educational performance. In W. Fowler, ed., Developments in School Finance, 1996, U.S. ED/NCES 97-535. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Heubert, J. P., and R. M. Hauser, eds. 1998. High Stakes: Testing for Tracking, Promotion, and Graduation. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Jencks, C., and M. Phillips. 1998. The black-white test score gap: An introduction. In C. Jencks and M. Phillips, eds., The Black-White Test Score Gap. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education. 2000. Measuring Up 2000: The State-by-State Report Card for Higher Education. http://measuringup2000.highereducation.org/.

National Research Council (NRC). 1997. More Than Screen Deep: Toward Every-Citizen Interfaces to the Nation's Information Infrastructure. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Studies (NSF). 1999. Women, Minorities, and Persons With Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 1998. NSF 99-338. Arlington, VA.

Oakes, J. 1990. Multiplying Inequalities: The Effects of Race, Social Class, and Tracking on Opportunities to Learn Mathematics and Science. Santa Monica, CA: The RAND Corporation.

Sanders, W. L., and J. C. Rivers. 1996. Cumulative and Residual Effects of Teachers on Future Student Academic Achievement. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Value-Added Research and Assessment Center.

Thurlow, M., J. Ysseldyke, S. Gutman, and K. Geenen. 1998. An Analysis of Inclusion of Students With Disabilities in State Standards Documents. Technical Report No. 19. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, National Center on Educational Outcomes.

U.S. Bureau of the Census. 1999. School Enrollment-Social and Economic Characteristics of Students (Update): October 1998. Current Population Report P20-521. http://www.census.gov/prod/99pubs/p20-521.pdf.

——. Various years. March Current Population Survey. Washington, DC.

U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (U.S. ED/NCES). 1995. Understanding Racial-Ethnic Differences in Secondary School Science and Mathematics Achievement. By S. S. Peng, D. A. Wright, and S. T. Hill. NCES 95-710. Washington, DC.

——. 1996a. Increasing the Inclusion of Students With Disabilities and Limited English Proficient Students in NAEP. By J. F. Olson and A. A. Goldstein. NCES 96-894. Washington, DC.

——. 1996b. NAEP 1994 Trends in Academic Progress. By J. R. Campbell, C. M. Reese, C. O'Sullivan, and J. A. Dossey. Washington, DC.

——. 1997a. Advanced Telecommunications in U.S. Public Elementary and Secondary Schools. By S. Heaviside, T. Riggins, and E. Farris. NCES 97-944. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

——. 1997b. The Condition of Education 1997. By T. M. Smith, B. A. Young, Y. Bae, S. P. Choy, and N. Alsalam. NCES 97-388. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

——. 1997c. NAEP 1996 Mathematics Report Card for the Nation and the States. C. M. Reese, K. E. Miller, J. Mazzeo, and J. A. Dossey. NCES 97-488. Washington, DC.

——. 1997d. Profiles of Students With Disabilities as Identified in NELS:88. R. Rossi, J. Herting, and J. Wolman. NCES 97-254. Washington, DC.

——. 1998a. The Condition of Education: 1998. By J. Wirt, T. Snyder, J. Sable, S. P. Choy, Y. Bae, J. Stennett, A. Gruner, and M. Perie. NCES 1998-013. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

——. 1998b. NAEP 1996, 1992, and 1990 National Mathematics Results - Data Almanacs for Grades 4, 8, and 12. http://nces.ed.gov/naep3/tables/sdt1996/index.asp.

——. 1998c. School Policies and Practices Affecting Instruction in Mathematics. By E. F. Hawkins, F. B. Stancavage, and J. A. Dossey. NCES 98-495. Washington, DC.

——. 1999a. Students With Disabilities in Postsecondary Education: A Profile of Preparation, Participation, and Outcomes. By L. Horn and J. Berktold. NCES 1999-187. Washington, DC.

——. 1999b. Teacher Quality: A Report on the Preparation and Qualifications of Public School Teachers. By L. Lewis, B. Parsad, N. Carey, N. Bartfai, E. Farris, and B. Smerdon. NCES 1999-080. Washington, DC.

——. 2000a. Increasing the Participation of Special Needs Students in NAEP. By J. Mazzeo, J. E. Carlson, D. E. Voelkl, and A. D. Lutkus. NCES 2000-473. Washington, DC.

——. 2000b. NAEP 1999 Trends in Academic Progress: Three Decades of Student Performance. By J. R. Campbell, C. M. Hombo, and J. Mazzeo. NCES 2000-469. Washington, DC.

——. 2000c. School-Level Correlates of Academic Achievement. By D. McLaughlin and G. Drori. NCES 2000-303. Washington, DC.

——. 2000d. Teachers' Tools for the 21st Century: A Report on Teachers' Use of Technology. By B. Smerdon, S. Cronen, L. Lanahan, J. Anderson, N. Iannotti, and J. Angeles. NCES 2000-102. Washington, DC.

——. 2001a. Digest of Education Statistics 2000. NCES 2001-034. Washington, DC.

——. 2001b. Monitoring School Quality: An Indicators Report. By D. P. Mayer, J. E. Mullens, and M. T. Moore. NCES 2001-030. Washington, DC.

——2001c. The Nation's Report Card: Mathematics 2000. By J. S. Braswell, A. D. Lutkus, W. S. Grigg, S. L. Santapau, B. Tay-Lim, and M. Johnson. NCES 2001-517. Washington, DC.Grigg, S. L. Santapau, B. Tay-Lim, and M. Johnson. NCES 2001-517. Washington, DC.

——. 2001d. The Nation's Report Card: Science Highlights 2000. NCES 2002-452. Washington, DC.

——. 2001e. Pursuing Excellence: Comparisons of International Eighth-Grade Mathematics and Science Achievement From a U.S. Perspective, 1995 and 1999. By P. Gonzales, C. Calsyn, L. Jocelyn, K. Mak, D. Kastberg, S. Arafeh, T. Williams, and W. Tsen. NCES 2001-028. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. 1996. Eighteenth Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act. Washington, DC.

——. 1997. Nineteenth Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act. Washington, DC.

——. 2000a. A Guide to the Individualized Education Program. http://www.ed.gov/offices/OSERS/OSEP/Products/IEP_Guide/#IEP%20Guide.

——. 2000b. Twenty-second Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act. Washington, DC.

Weiss, I. R. 1994. A Profile of Science and Mathematics Education in the United States: 1993. Chapel Hill, NC: Horizon Research, Inc.

Wenglinsky, H. 2000. How Teaching Matters: Bringing the Classroom Back Into Discussions of Teacher Quality. Princeton: Educational Testing Service.


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