The numbers and percentages of women and minorities earning science and engineering
associate's and bachelor's degrees were at all-time highs in 1998.
Close to half of all S&E bachelor's degrees were earned by women
in 1998, and in some S&E fields, women earned far more than half of the
bachelor's degrees. On the other hand, in a few S&E fields, women
earned far less than half of the baccalaureate degrees awarded, and their numbers
and percentages were increasing very slowly or not at all. The numbers of bachelor's
degrees earned by Asians, blacks, Hispanics, and American Indians in the 1990s
increased in both S&E and non-S&E fields. In contrast, the numbers
of S&E and non-S&E bachelor's degrees earned by white males decreased.
This chapter examines undergraduate degree conferral at both 2- and 4-year
institutions. It also examines undergraduate debt.