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Women, Minorities and Persons wiht Disabilities
in Science and Engineering: 2002
Introduction Chapter 2: Undergraduate Enrollment Chapter 3: Undergraduate Degrees Chapter 4: Graduate Enrollment Chapter 5: Graduate Degrees Chapter 6: Employment Technical Notes Appendix Tables
Chapter Contents:
Overview
Trends in S&E employment, 1993-99
Labor force participation, employment, and unemployment
Occupations of scientists and engineers
Sector of employment
Nondoctoral scientists and engineers
Professional development activities
Salaries of employed scientists and engineers
Initial labor force experiences of recent graduates
A demographic profile: Age and family characteristics
References
 
Sidebars
Appendix Tables
List of Figures
Presentation Slides

Employment

Sector of Employment

Women
Minorities
Persons with disabilities

Women  top of page

Among all those employed in S&E occupations in 1999, women were less likely than men to be employed in the private for-profit sector—49 versus 65 percent—and more likely to be employed in 4-year colleges or universities—21 versus 12 percent. These variations by sector primarily stem from differences in occupation. Women are less likely than men to be engineers or physical scientists, which are occupations that tend to be in business or industry. Within occupations, the percentages of men and women employed in industry and in 4-year colleges or universities are more similar. (See appendix table 6-10.)

Minorities  top of page

Asians are more likely than members of other racial/ethnic groups to be employed in business or industry. Among those in S&E occupations in 1999, 68 percent of Asians, compared with between 55 and 61 percent of whites, blacks, Hispanics, and American Indians, were employed in the private for-profit sector. (See appendix table 6-10.) Asians are also more likely than members of other racial/ethnic groups to be engineers, an occupational group likely to be employed in business or industry. Between 14 and 15 percent of employed scientists and engineers within each racial/ethnic group were employed in 4-year colleges or universities in 1999.

Persons with disabilities  top of page

People employed in S&E occupations with disabilities are about as likely as those without to be employed in for-profit business or industry: 62 versus 57 percent in 1999. They are also as likely to be employed in academia as their counterparts without disabilities: 14 percent of both groups were employed in 4-year colleges or universities in 1999. (See appendix table 6-10.)



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