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Women, Minorities and Persons wiht Disabilities
in Science and Engineering: 2002
Introduction Chapter 2: Undergraduate Enrollment Chapter 3: Undergraduate Degrees Chapter 4: Graduate Enrollment Chapter 5: Graduate Degrees Chapter 6: Employment Technical Notes Appendix Tables
Chapter Contents:
Trends in S&E employment, 1993-99
Labor force participation, employment, and unemployment
Occupations of scientists and engineers
Sector of employment
Nondoctoral scientists and engineers
Professional development activities
Salaries of employed scientists and engineers
Initial labor force experiences of recent graduates
A demographic profile: Age and family characteristics
Appendix Tables
List of Figures
Presentation Slides


Nondoctoral scientists and engineers

Among those employed in S&E occupations in 1999, 85 percent of women and 86 percent of men had either a bachelor's or master's degree as their highest degree. (See appendix table 6-1.) The occupations of these nondoctoral scientists and engineers, as is true for all of those employed in S&E, differ by sex, with women constituting the majority of people in some S&E occupations, and men the majority in others. For example, in 1999, almost two-thirds of all social and related scientists whose highest degree was a baccalaureate were women. Men, on the other hand, constituted 90 percent of the engineers and 73 percent of the physical scientists and computer/mathematical scientists whose highest degree was a baccalaureate.

Asians employed in S&E occupations are less likely than members of other racial/ethnic groups to have a bachelor's or master's degree as their highest degree conferred: 80 percent of employed Asian scientists and engineers had either a bachelor's or master's degree as their highest degree in 1999, compared with between 86 and 90 percent of all other racial/ethnic groups. Higher proportions of Asian scientists and engineers than of other racial/ethnic groups held doctoral degrees. (See figure 6-2 figure and appendix table 6-1.) Similar percentages of those in S&E occupations with and without disabilities (84 and 86 percent, respectively, in 1999) have a bachelor's or master's as their highest degree. (See appendix table 6-3.)

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