Persons with disabilities
Many factors explain the various differences that exist between the annual
salaries of men and women, among racial/ethnic groups, and between persons
with and without disabilities employed full time in S&E occupations. Three
of the most important of these factors are length of experience, occupation,
and highest degree level. Other reports (NSF/SRS 1996 and NSF/SRS
more detailed explanations of the variety of factors influencing salaries for
men and women.
Women employed full time in S&E occupations earn less than men on average,
but these salary differentials are due primarily to differences in age, length
of experience, occupation, and highest degree attained. Female scientists and
engineers are younger and have less experience, on average, than male scientists
and engineers and are less
likely than men to be computer scientists or engineersoccupations that
command higher salaries. The 1999 overall median salary for those employed
full time in S&E occupations was $50,300 for women and $64,000 for men.
Within occupations and by degree levels and for younger age categories, the
median salaries of men and women are generally more similar. (See appendix table 6-13.) For example, in 1999, among engineers aged 29 or younger with
a bachelor's degree, the median salary was $46,000 for men and $45,000
Salaries for those in S&E occupations differ across racial/ethnic groups.
Among all who were employed in S&E occupations, the median salaries by
racial/ethnic group in 1999 were $63,000 for Asians, $61,000 for whites, $55,000
for Hispanics, $53,000 for blacks, and $50,000 for American Indians. Within
S&E occupations and within age and highest degree categories, median salaries
are often similar across racial/ethnic groups. (See appendix
Median annual salaries of females employed in S&E occupations of all racial/ethnic
groups are generally lower than those of male scientists and engineers. (See appendix table 6-15.) Differences in highest degree (as well as other factors;
see NSF/SRS 1996) are also likely to influence salaries; however, small sample
size did not permit adjustment by highest degree for this analysis.
Persons with disabilities
Median salaries of scientists and engineers with disabilities are similar
to those for scientists and engineers without disabilities. For example, in
1999, among all those employed full time in S&E occupations, the median
salary was $60,000 for those without disabilities and $61,600 for those with
disabilities. Salaries also differ little within occupations and age groups.
For example, the median salary for 30- to 39-year-old computer scientists with
a bachelor's degree is $60,000 for those with disabilities and $61,000
for those without disabilities.(See appendix