Quantatitive Studies In Literature Reviewed

This material has been organized by method and then alphabetically by author to facilitate cross-referencing to the bibliography and to other tables in the text.

Study | Method | Topic | Sample size | Tests |
---|---|---|---|---|

Cronin et al. 1998 | Citation analysis | Scientific communication; expanded notion of citation/cross-reference via the Web | 5 search engines; 1,354 responses; journal articles | Descriptive statistics only |

Harter 1996 | Citation analysis | Awareness and use of e-journals | 39--114 journal articles | Descriptive statistics only |

Harter 1998 | Citation analysis | Awareness and use of e-journals | 39 journal articles | Update of Harter 1996 |

Hitchcock et al. 1997 | Citation analysis | Hyperlinking | 3 journal articles | Descriptive statistics only |

Hurd, Blecic, and Vishwanatham 1999 | Citation analysis | Molecular biologists' information use from library perspective (collections, etc.) | 60 journal articles | Descriptive statistics only |

Lindholm-Romantschuk and Warner 1996 | Citation analysis |
Information diffusion, humanities versus social sciences |
14,368 journal articles | F tests on regression analysis, z-scores on difference of means |

Qin, Lancaster, and Allen 1997 | Citation analysis |
Collaboration
and interdisciplinary research in science |
846 journal articles | Descriptive statistics only |

Youngen 1997 | Citation analysis | Physics preprints | 4,110 journal articles | p < .05 |

Zhang 1998 | Citation analysis | Internet resources in library science | 1,175 journal articles | Not given |

Kim 2000 | Interviews | Motivations for hyperlinking | NA | Descriptive statistics only |

Stewart 1996 | Interviews |
Chemists' use
of e-journals for system design |
39 people | T-test, 95% confidence |

Walsh and Bayma 1996 | Interviews | CMC among mathematicians, physicists, biologists, and chemists | 67 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Walsh and Bayma 1997 | Interviews | CMC among mathematicians, physicists, biologists, and chemists | 67 people | p > .05 |

Wood 1998 | Interviews | Peer review | 200 people | NA |

Hahn 1998 | Interviews, content analysis |
Views of scientists
as authors and editors of e-journals |
NA | Descriptive statistics only |

Adler et al. 1998 | Interviews/diary study | Reading behavior in work contexts | 15 people | NA |

Doyle 1986 | Interviews/lab study | Scientists' information-seeking behavior | 45 people | Descriptive statistics only |

O'Hara and Sellen 1997 | Observation/lab study | Reading behavior, print versus online | 10 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Berge and Collins 1996 | Survey |
Readership
of IPCT Journal |
1,118 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Blixrud and Jewell 1998 | Survey | Library expenditures | 108 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Brown 1999 | Survey | Scientists' information-seeking behavior | 49 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Budd and Connaway 1997 | Survey | Academics' use of networked information | 651 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Cohen 1996 | Survey | Faculty CMC and productivity | 888 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Campanario 1996 | Survey | Journal impact studies | 18 | Descriptive statistics only |

Davis and Eisemon 1989 | Survey | Scientific communication in four Asian countries | NA | p < .05 |

Goldfinch 2000 | Survey | Readers' preferences for online journals in nuclear technology | 500 people | Results significant at p < .05, p < .01 and p < .001 |

Gomes and Meadows 1998 | Survey | Academics' perceptions of e-journals | 120 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Hamershlag 1998 | Survey | Biomedical/medical researchers' use of e-journals | 169 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Harter and Park 2000 | Survey | Scholarly journal policies concerning prior e-publication | 202 people | p < .01 |

Hitchcock, Carr, and Hall 1998b | Survey | Characterization of STM online journals | 83--115 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Hurd and Weller 1997 | Survey | University-based chemists' adoption of IT (multiple applications) in libraries | NA | Descriptive statistics only |

Kaminer 1997 | Survey | Academics' use of the Internet | NA | Descriptive statistics only |

Lawson and Pelzer 1999 | Survey | Promotion and tenure (librarians) | NA | Descriptive statistics only |

Levitan 1979 | Survey | Professional societies and journals | 46 | Descriptive statistics only |

McEldowney 1995 | Survey | Academics' attitudes toward e-publishing | 77 people | Descriptive statistics only |

McKnight and Price 1999 | Survey | Authors' attitudes | 537 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Michailidis and Rada 1997 | Survey | Scientific communication | 10 people | p < .05, p < .001 |

Oppenheim, Greenhalgh, and Rowland 2000 | Survey | Publishers' attitudes and behaviors | 187 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Pedersen and Stockdale 1999 | Survey | Readers' attitudes | 7 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Pullinger 1999 | Survey | Academic use of e-journals | 70 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Rusch-Feja and Siebeky 1999a, 1999b |
Survey | Researchers' usage and acceptance of e-journals | 1,042 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Schauder 1994 | Survey | Academics' attitudes toward e-publishing | 743 people | NA |

Singleton 1997 | Survey | Physicists' attitudes as authors, readers, referees, and purchasers of e-journals | 3,500 people | Chi square, significant at the .05 level |

Speier et al 1999 | Survey | Academics' perceptions of e-journals | 1,364 people | NA |

Spink, Robins, and Schamber 1998 | Survey | Book reviews | NA | p < .10, p < .05, p < .01, p < .001; multiple results |

Swan 1999 | Survey | Authors' attitudes | 2,500 people | NA |

Sweeney 2000 | Survey | Academic attitudes toward peer review | 62 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Tenopir and King 1998, 2000 | Survey | Publishing, authorship, readership, pricing, library services | 13,591 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Tombaugh 1984 | Survey | CMC (conference) in science | NA | Descriptive statistics only |

Tomney and Burton 1998 | Survey | Academics' usage and attitudes toward e-journals | 147 people | NA |

Wood and Hurst 2000 | Survey | Perceptions of online peer review in the biological sciences | 76 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Yu and Apps 2000 | Survey | User behavior; methodological discussion of log file analysis | 2,867 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Björk and Turk 2000 | Survey (Web-based) | Scientists' information-seeking behavior | 236 people | p > .01 |

Kaminer and Braunstein 1998 | Survey, log analysis, citation analysis | Impact of Internet on scholarly productivity | 122 people | Descriptive statistics only |

Samarajiva 1989 | Survey/ interviews | Scientific communication in Third World countries | NA | Descriptive statistics only |

Entlich et al. 1996 | Survey/log analysis | User study (responses to a system), primarily chemists | 39--161 people | Descriptive statistics only |