In order to better understand the current state of information technology (IT) and IT-based innovation within the United States, the National Science Foundation (NSF) commissioned the Information Technology Innovation Survey (ITIS) in March 1999. Objectives of the survey were formulated to:
Innovation was defined for purposes of this study as the "development of technologically new or significantly improved products and processes." Innovation was considered as IT-based if information technology was a significant or critical component to the development of products or processes. Changes to existing products that were purely aesthetic or involved only minor modifications were not considered as IT-based innovation. For a company to be considered as an innovator, the company had to report that it developed a product or process during the past 12 months or expected to develop a product or process during the next 12 months as a result of IT-based innovation. This definition modified that in OECD's Oslo Manual and is similar to that used in other national innovation surveys conducted in Canada, Europe, and Asia.
Data collected from this survey are designed to serve both public and private research and to provide an important resource for NSF, policymakers, and other stakeholders interested in understanding the multidimensionality of IT-based innovation among businesses within the United States.
The Information Technology Innovation Survey was conducted during fall 2001 and early 2002. Unless otherwise specified, the published data represent national estimates for the selected industries surveyed.
For further information on the survey, please contact:
Science and Engineering Indicators Program
Division of Science Resources Statistics
National Science Foundation
4201 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 965
Arlington, VA 22230
Phone: (703) 292-7812
 Under contract number GS-23F-8004H, IBM Business Consulting Services, formerly PWC Consulting, served as contractor and data collection agent for the project.
 Definition modified from that in OECD's Oslo Manual (1997) to focus exclusively on IT-based innovation.